Mechanical engineering is one of the most challenging engineering disciplines. It is rewarding, but also very demanding as a career. Graduates who are looking for jobs sometimes feel that presence of numerous engineers at the marketplace makes it difficult to get a job. According to statistics, mechanical engineer jobs in the United States are expected to increase by 10% by 2020. The article below will provide information about the requirements for a mechanical engineer, where mechanical engineers are in demand, and how you can become a mechanical engineer.
Looking to learn where Mechanical Engineers are in demand? The US Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts a 26% change in employment for mechanical engineers until 2020. In total, there will be an addition of 54,400 new jobs as a result. This is an average change as the introduction of new technologies continues to drive growth in this career field requiring engineers to have a wide range of skills. In this post, we look at the types of mechanical engineering and where they are currently in high demand.
There is a lot of demand for mechanical engineers and those seeking to become a mechanical engineer, firstly need to be aware of career options that are available. Mechanical engineers have been around since the invention of machines and have made an impact on the lives of every individual living in the modern world. In this article, we take a look at those seeking to become a mechanical engineer and give you an insight into how you can achieve your aspirations.
Where Mechanical Engineers Are In Demand?
So what exactly are the best countries to work as an engineer? Read on to discover our top picks for where you’ll find a rewarding engineering career.
Canada is a very popular country for engineers because of its robust economy and access to natural resources. If you’re passionate about environmental and social issues then this could be a particularly attractive place because of the progressive environmental and social legislature. You should consider relocating to Canada if you’re looking for civil engineering jobs, petroleum engineering jobs or chemical engineering jobs abroad.
India is one of the fastest emerging countries in the world which means there’s a demand for engineering talent to further transform the county. There is currently no shortage of engineering roles in this part of Asia, whether you’re looking for a biomedical engineering, petroleum engineering, computer engineering or aerospace engineering job.
A country that is constantly evolving and growing into one of the world’s largest economies requires some of the most ambitious and technical engineering advances added to its infrastructure. From the creation of artificial islands for bridge support to creating the “New Silk Road” rail and road initiative – there is plenty of new and exciting engineering projects in multiple sectors and disciplines. If you’re looking to get involved in one of the world’s brightest and best country’s for engineering jobs, China is a top contender.
Those searching for the best country for mechanical engineering jobs should strongly consider France as an option because of its reputation for mechanical engineering. There’s plenty of opportunities for English-speaking engineers at top international manufacturing firms. It’s also a great place for professionals looking for work in more scientific and research-led engineering sectors.
5. New Zealand
Due to its strong economy, and huge variety of in-demand engineering roles, New Zealand could be a good choice for engineers looking to relocate abroad. In particular, there are a variety of civil engineering jobs for those looking to help build a strong structural environment for citizens. Its inability to fulfil its own engineering workforce means there could be more opportunities for those overseas.
6. United States
The US maintains a competitive edge in the global market while offering many desirable engineering jobs in various fields. Huge tech giants such as Google, Apple and Facebook are paving the way in technology in the US and so need more engineering talent. In addition to this, there are competitive career choices for professionals such as aerospace engineers, biomedical engineers, computer hardware engineers, health and safety engineers and marine engineers.
Highest Paying Countries for Mechanical Engineers
Average Median Salary – $41,188
Most engineers find employment in Spain’s booming electricity and energy sector. There’s a good scope for mechanical engineers in the field. Other great fields for mechanical engineers include aeronautics and automotive industry.
Average Median Salary – $42,667
Mechanical engineers have broad opportunities in the Belgian job market. There are opportunities for employment in biotechnology, energy conservation, and aeronautics, in disciplines related to design, analysis, and manufacturing. Engineering jobs are also one of the most best-paid jobs in the country.
Average Median Salary – $45,121
We are continuing our list of highest paying countries for mechanical engineers with Netherlands, which is like Germany, known for its technology-driven economy and science. Hence, there is a great demand for engineers in general in the country (second highest in the world), and also for mechanical engineers specifically. The high focus on innovation and development of sustainable energy ensures the country attracts good talent with lucrative remunerations.
Average Median Salary – $47,511
Employment levels have seen a steady growth in France since 2010 and the current unemployment rate is at 10% which is below the EU average of 11%. Employment scenario is likely to see a further improvement in the coming years, creating better opportunities for mechanical engineers as well.
Average Median Salary – $50,435
Canada has acute demand for fresh engineers with most of its current workforce being around the average age of 55 and nearing retirement. To fill in the bottlenecks, the country employs huge amounts of international candidates who now account for almost 12% of licensed engineers in Canada. Hence, opportunities for mechanical engineers are burgeoning, That’s why this country is also one of the best countries to migrate for mechanical engineers. With numerous social benefits received by employees in the country, along with a high-range salary it is definitely one of the highest paying countries for mechanical engineers.
Average Median Salary – $50,435
The 2008 Employment Crisis had been relatively milder in Sweden as opposed to other EU states, and the country has recovered well from it. The growth of employment is expected to take place in sectors related to construction and hence, it should have a positive effect on the employment of mechanical engineers in near future.
Average Median Salary – $56,532
Germany’s affinity towards high-technology engineering and science is no secret to the world. Currently, the country has the highest amount of employed engineering workers and a great demand for replacement in its existing workforce with around 21% employees being over 55. Hence, good salaries are a given. However, salaries can vary greatly according to locality and size of the company and in a small company, it is likely to go down to €38,000 from the average €44,000.
Average Median Salary – $81,068
As we move into our top 3 on the list of highest paying countries for mechanical engineers, we see a great jump in average salaries. Australian salaries for mechanical engineers hover around a lucrative $80,000 on an average with compensation scales being especially good in Sydney.
Average Median Salary – $84,190
The median wage in the USA for mechanical engineers have experienced a recent jump and currently stand at $84,190. The job outlook seems positive and is expected to grow by a significant 9% in the coming decade.
Average Median Salary – $84,418
The high standard of living in Switzerland is met with high salaries in the country which ensures it is maybe the best country for mechanical engineers to work and live in. Salary levels in Zurich are at par with that of New York and in this case, it’s no wonder that is the number one on our list of 10 highest paying countries for mechanical engineers.
types of mechanical engineering
Mechanical engineers have an enormous range of opportunity and their education mirrors this breadth of subjects. Students concentrate on one area while strengthening analytical and problem-solving skills applicable to any engineering situation.
Disciplines within mechanical engineering include but are not limited to:
- Autonomous Systems
- Computer Aided Design (CAD)
- Control Systems
- Cyber security
- Human health
- Manufacturing and additive manufacturing
- Production planning
- Structural analysis
Technology itself has also shaped how mechanical engineers work and the suite of tools has grown quite powerful in recent decades. Computer-aided engineering (CAE) is an umbrella term that covers everything from typical CAD techniques to computer-aided manufacturing to computer-aided engineering, involving finite element analysis (FEA) and computational fluid dynamics (CFD). These tools and others have further broadened the horizons of mechanical engineering.
how to become a mechanical engineer
To become a Mechanical Engineer you are generally required to complete a degree in engineering with a major in mechanical engineering.
- Complete a bachelor degree in the field of engineering. This will usually be a Bachelor of Engineering (Mechanical Engineering). Entry to these courses is generally based on Year 12 results and having met the requirements for prerequisite subjects (usually mathematics and physics).
- To work independently as a Mechanical Engineer, most states require you to have a Professional Engineer’s Licence. This is usually gained after at least four years of practice as an engineer.
- Mechanical Engineers may undertake a Masters of Mechanical Engineering in order to increase their chances of becoming a consultant, manager or project leader.
mechanical engineering requirements
Mechanical engineers typically need a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering or mechanical engineering technology. Mechanical engineers who sell services publicly must be licensed in all states and the District of Columbia.
Mechanical engineers typically need a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering or mechanical engineering technology. Mechanical engineering programs usually include courses in mathematics and life and physical sciences, as well as engineering and design. Mechanical engineering technology programs focus less on theory and more on the practical application of engineering principles. They may emphasize internships and co-ops to prepare students for work in industry.
Some colleges and universities offer 5-year programs that allow students to obtain both a bachelor’s and a master’s degree. Some 5-year or even 6-year cooperative plans combine classroom study with practical work, enabling students to gain valuable experience and earn money to finance part of their education.
ABET accredits programs in engineering and engineering technology. Most employers prefer to hire students from an accredited program. A degree from an ABET-accredited program is usually necessary to become a licensed professional engineer.
Creativity. Mechanical engineers design and build complex pieces of equipment and machinery. A creative mind is essential for this kind of work.
Listening skills. Mechanical engineers often work on projects with others, such as architects and computer scientists. They must listen to and analyze different approaches made by other experts to complete the task at hand.
Math skills. Mechanical engineers use the principles of calculus, statistics, and other advanced subjects in math for analysis, design, and troubleshooting in their work.
Mechanical skills. Mechanical skills allow engineers to apply basic engineering concepts and mechanical processes to the design of new devices and systems.
Problem-solving skills. Mechanical engineers need good problem-solving skills to take scientific principles and discoveries and use them to design and build useful products.
Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations
Licensure is not required for entry-level positions as a mechanical engineer. A Professional Engineering (PE) license, which allows for higher levels of leadership and independence, can be acquired later in one’s career. Licensed engineers are called professional engineers (PEs). A PE can oversee the work of other engineers, sign off on projects, and provide services directly to the public. State licensure generally requires
- A degree from an ABET-accredited engineering program
- A passing score on the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam
- Relevant work experience typically at least 4 years
- A passing score on the Professional Engineering (PE) exam.
The initial FE exam can be taken after one earns a bachelor’s degree. Engineers who pass this exam are commonly called engineers in training (EITs) or engineer interns (EIs). After meeting work experience requirements, EITs and EIs can take the second exam, called the Principles and Practice of Engineering.
Several states require engineers to take continuing education to renew their licenses every year. Most states recognize licensure from other states, as long as the other state’s licensing requirements meet or exceed their own licensing requirements.
Several professional organizations offer a variety of certification programs for engineers to demonstrate competency in specific fields of mechanical engineering.
A Ph.D. is essential for engineering faculty positions in higher education, as well as for some research and development programs. Mechanical engineers may earn graduate degrees in engineering or business administration to learn new technology, broaden their education, and enhance their project management skills. Mechanical engineers may become administrators or managers after gaining work experience.
Employment Outlook for Mechanical Engineers
Employment of mechanical engineers is projected to grow 9 percent from 2016 to 2026, as fast as the average for all occupations. Mechanical engineers can work in many industries and on many types of projects. As a result, their growth rate will differ by the industries that employ them.
Mechanical engineers are projected to experience faster than average growth in engineering services as companies continue to contract work from these firms. Mechanical engineers will also remain involved in various manufacturing industries, particularly in automotive manufacturing. These engineers will play key roles in improving the range and performance of hybrid and electric cars.
Mechanical engineers often work on the newest industrial pursuits, particularly in automation and robotics. The fields of alternative energies and nanotechnology will also offer new opportunities for occupational growth. Mechanical engineers design production projects to harness developments in nanotechnology, which involves manipulating matter at the tiniest levels. Nanotechnology will result in improvements of technology in fields such as healthcare and in the design of more powerful computer chips.
Prospects for mechanical engineers overall are expected to be good. They will be best for those with training in the latest software tools, particularly for computational design and simulation. Such tools allow engineers and designers to take a project from the conceptual phase directly to a finished product, eliminating the need for prototypes.
Mechanical engineering students who can learn to create virtual simulations before proceeding to the design, build, and test stages might find themselves in high demand by companies because these skills will allow firms to reduce product development cycles.
Engineers who have experience or training in three-dimensional printing also will have better job prospects.
mechanical engineer salary
The median annual wage for mechanical engineers was $84,190 in May 2016. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $54,420, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $131,350.
In May 2016, the median annual wages for mechanical engineers in the top industries in which they worked were as follows:
|Scientific research and development services||$96,360|
|Computer and electronic product manufacturing||89,330|
|Architectural, engineering, and related services||87,670|
|Transportation equipment manufacturing||84,940|
Most mechanical engineers work full time, and about 3 in 10 worked more than 40 hours a week in 2016.