Last Updated on August 28, 2023
Veterinary science was formalized as a discipline in the 18th century, when a host of specialized colleges were established across Europe. Since then, it’s evolved into a complex and advanced field, requiring a relatively long and demanding period of study in order to become a qualified practitioner. Much like human medical care, veterinary science is competitive and demanding, yet also highly regarded; it promises the rewards of social status, attractive employability and salary prospects – and of course the satisfaction of contributing to animals’ quality of life.
If you study veterinary science, you will cover many of the same topics found on a medical degree, but with a focus on animals instead of humans. Course modules may include anatomy, animal behavior, animal husbandry, cell biology, nutrition, physiology, genetics, epidemiology, pharmacology, infectious diseases, pathology, parasitology and public health. You may also have the opportunity to study veterinary science modules which are less scientific but all part of the preparation for veterinary careers, including communication skills, law and ethics, business management and others.
Entry requirements for veterinary degrees
In order to study veterinary science, you will be expected to demonstrate a very strong academic record in science subjects, especially chemistry and biology. You’ll need to show excellent grades from your previous studies in these two subjects and have an overall good diploma. Good grades in mathematics and physics are usually not obligatory, but they may be an asset to your application. As veterinary degrees are often highly competitive, applicants are also expected to show evidence of their longstanding interest in the field, perhaps through completion of some relevant work experience or voluntary work.
Course structure and assessment methods
Like medicine, veterinary science education and training follows a different system depending on the country. In some countries, you can study veterinary science at undergraduate level, while in others the subject is only offered at postgraduate level, after completion of a relevant undergraduate program such as biology or animal science. In either case, you can expect your studies to last at least five years, and often longer.
During the first few years of your studies, you will be introduced to the main background knowledge and theory required to become a veterinary practitioner. During the next stage, you’ll have opportunities to choose to specialize in certain areas you are most interested in. Towards the end of the program you will usually complete a work placement, which may include working in a clinic, farm, zoo or another organization in which animals are inspected and cared for.
At the end of the course you will typically be expected to carry out a research project on a topic you have chosen yourself. Assessment methods include in-class exams, essays, short projects and practical examinations.
Below is the list of best universities in Turkey ranked based on their research performance in Veterinary. A graph of 29.6K citations received by 1.98K academic papers made by 19 universities in Turkey was used to calculate publications’ ratings, which then were adjusted for release dates and added to final scores.
BVSc, full form Bachelor of Veterinary Science, is an undergraduate course of 5 years in the field of veterinary science that aims to impart the knowledge required for nourishment, treatment, and breeding of animals.
There are 47 BVSC colleges in India which include Indian Veterinary Research Institute, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, CSKHPKV, etc.
BVSc course is ideal for candidates who consider themselves as animal lovers and want to work or own an animal breeding and caring firm and want to establish a career in animal husbandry.
According to the latest guidelines from the Veterinary Council of India, BVSc course duration should be of 5.5 years divided into 10 semesters and 1 year of compulsory internship.
AIPVT was replaced by NEET in 2017 for admission to veterinary pharmacy courses and veterinary medicine courses in India.
Any candidate who has completed Class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as compulsory subjects, along with English from a recognized board is eligible to apply for BVSc Admission 2021.
BVSc syllabus covers everything from animal anatomy and physiology to treatment and surgery of animals. The major BVSc subjects are animal nutrition, animal breeding, and genetics, animal pathology, among others.
After BVSc, ample job opportunities are available in Agriculture Sectors, Government Animal, Defence Dog training centres, Zoological Parks, Aviaries, Wildlife Sanctuaries, etc., with an average starting salary of INR 3.6 LPA.
Quick Highlights of the BVSc
|Sector/ Industry||Animal Hospital/Research/Animal care NGO.|
|Course Duration||5 years to 5.5 years|
|Eligibility Criteria||A minimum of 50% in 12th standard with physics chemistry and biology|
|Admission Criteria||Entrance examination|
|Average Annual Salary||INR 5 lacs|
|Job positions||Veterinary doctor, Veterinary officer, Veterinary research assistant, Veterinary surgeon, Animal breeders, Social worker, etc.|
About the Course
BVSc is a branch of science dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease disorder or an injury in animals.
- BVSc has specializations in both exotic and regular breeds. In addition, it imparts knowledge that is required for the management, treatment, nourishment and breeding of animals.
- Over the years, BVSc has become a popular course as more and more awareness is created for the better livelihood of animals.
- The course is generally for five years, but some universities award the students BSc after the first three years and then BVSc after the final two years.
If you are an animal lover and caretaker, the undergraduate program for Veterinary Sciences is one of the best courses for you. The primary reasons why a candidate should study BVSc are:
- Industry relevance: the goal of the program is to provide well skilled Veterinary graduates with a solid commitment to animal care welfare and research. With the appropriate and relevant skills, you can have a good demand in the initial stages of a career in Veterinary Sciences.
- Holistic learning experience; development of diagnostic and management skills are taught to candidates. Learning clinical and business skills are the keys to the best opportunities in the market.
- A career in clinical practice: several BSc graduates love working with animal owners, farmers and communities to provide their services. Expertise and skills that you gain overall help you provide high-quality health care and maintenance of livestock.
Advantages of BVSc
After BVSc, one states for higher job opportunities and better growth opportunities. Therefore, an investment of 5 years must have various advantages. Some of the them are:
- A BVSc degree provides the opportunity to opt for confident career choices as a veterinarian or relative at national and international levels.
- Graduates of Veterinary Sciences can get jobs in the military for the caretaking and treatment of military dogs that assist in the defence services.
- Self-employment is one of the significant benefits.
- BVSc can be a viable career option into surgeries and the treatment of animals.
- Once you complete the undergraduate program, it is easier to get an appropriate and top job profile in the Veterinary sector after BVSc.
Who Should Do BVSc?
- This course best suits animal lovers and wish to care for and nourish them.
- The course can be for a profession, or you can start your Clinic after the degree.
- It demands a mandatory internship experience for one year.
- It is best to choose Veterinary as a career in a country where it is awarded.
- After completing the school education in the science stream, you can directly get into an undergraduate program in veterinary science.
- Subjects such as physics, chemistry, biology and maths are pretty compulsory as per the eligibility criteria.
- You can also pursue an undergraduate course in biological science to prepare for veterinary.
- Besides, it will also spare you from sudden career options. Clearing an entrance exam is necessary for both. A counselling session is followed.
- Some of the modes that might interest you pursuing a career in Veterinary science after 12th can be:
Types of BVSc courses
As India’s IT sector has overgrown, there have been vast education trends online and distance learning.
BVSc – Full -Time Course
- Bachelor of veterinary sciences is a top-rated medical course among animal lovers and caretakers.
- To pursue this course in a full-time form, the gander must be at least 17 years old.
- Furthermore, Gandhi must have a minimum of 50% in the subject corresponding to graduation.
- The total duration of a full-time veterinary course in an organised program is 5 to 5.5 years.
BVSc – Distance Learning Course
- Although there is a vast difference between distance learning and campus learning, BVSc through distance learning is primarily initiated for qualified and practising veterinarians.
- They can update their knowledge and skills for a better and improved version of themselves.
- The colleges conduct examinations at the end, and a minimum of 50% marks is required for completing the course.
- The duration of the course varies from college to college. Tentatively, the course can be for 14 weeks.
BVSc – Online course
- Bachelor of Sciences is available on individual sites such as Edx, Coursera, etc.
- The duration of the course ranges from different sites to different Specialisations offered by the different sites.
- The overall course isn’t available to be pursued all at once. The Different short courses can be studied accordingly.
- The minimum duration can be from a few days to 3 months.
Admission Process for BVSc
- Admission in the undergraduate Veterinary course is based on the entrance exam results.
- However, to be eligible for the entrance examination, one must have a minimum score of 50% in class 12th with physics, chemistry and biology as compulsory subjects.
- The dates of admission processes for the academic year 2021-22 will be out shortly. So keep a regular check on the official pages of the universities that match your preference.
BVSc Admission 2021: Your Step by Step guide
Follow the following steps to apply for a bachelor’s degree in Veterinary Sciences.
- Check the eligibility criteria and appear in the BVSc entrance examination.
- After the shortlisting, admission to the colleges will start with the counselling round.
- Fill the college choices very carefully in the counselling round.
- As per the examination score and the admission quota, college admission will be offered.
- Accept the admission offer.
- Make the payments for admission and secure your position.
The application dates and deadlines will be out soon on the official websites of the concerned colleges and universities.
The minimum Eligibility Criteria for admission in BVSc:
- The candidate needs to have completed 12th standard with physics, chemistry, biology the makers navigate and English as a compulsory subject.
- The minimum age for admission in BVSc is 18 years. However, the maximum age limit goes up to 25 years.
- Relaxation of one year is provided for reserved category candidates in terms of age. And the relaxation of 5% in terms of marks is provided for scheduled caste and scheduled Tribes and other reserved category candidates.
BVSc Entrance Examinations
The ‘All India Pre Veterinary test’ (AIPVT) was considered for admission to bachelors for Veterinary Sciences. However, since 2017, NEET scores are considered for admission to BVSc.
Following is the list of some entrance examinations that are considered as the basis of admission in BVSc.
|Exam name||Registration Date||Exam Date|
|NEET||February 2021||May 2021|
|AAU VET||August 2021||September 2021|
|OUAT||February 28th to June 16th 2021||October 11, 2021|
|RPVT||May 13th 2021 to July 26th 2021||August 9th 2021|
|UP Veterinary entrance exam||February 17th to April 24th 2021||Prelims- May 17th 2021 Final exam- June 21th 2021|
|BHU UET||February 2021||April 2021|
BVSc Course Structure and Specializations Offered
After the entrance examination, selection and counselling, the academic session begins. Several BVSc subjects are included in the curriculum. The course is divided into 10 semesters that include theory and practical sessions. Experience in training in animal treatment training and care are also included.
|Veterinary anatomy||Veterinary physiology|
|Veterinary biochemistry||Veterinary pharmacology and toxicology|
|Veterinary parasitology||Veterinary microbiology|
|Veterinary pathology||Veterinary public health and epidemiology|
|Animal nutrition||Animal genetics and breeding|
|Livestock production management||Livestock products Technology|
|Veterinary Gynaecology and obstetrics||Veterinary surgery and radiology|
|Veterinary medicine||Veterinary and animal husbandry extension education|
Among the various other courses that are covered under the BVSc program. The courses are designed and well versed to study the different systems of animals. All this includes the bones, joint tissues, muscles, the various stages of pregnancy and so forth. The related subjects are:
- Comparative osteology and arthrology
- Comparative Splanchnology
- Biology and geology neurology and anesthesiology of ox
- Theory and practice of historical and histochemical techniques
- General histology and ultrastructure
- Development anatomy
- Principles and applications of biomechanics
Specialisations under BVSc
Specialisations that one can opt for undergraduate program in Veterinary Sciences are shortlisted in the tabular form below:
|Specialisations||Average fees (INR)||Average annual salary (INR)|
|BVSc animal nutrition||1 lac||4-6 lacs|
|BVSc Veterinary pathology||1.50 lacs||4-8 lacs|
|BVSc animal genetics and breeding||1.50 lacs||4-6 lacs|
Other vast specialisations under the BVSc program include BVSc livestock production and management, BVSc Veterinary microbiology, and BVSc Veterinary surgery and radiology.
Study BVSc Abroad: Top Universities
Veterinary is a popular trend and a successful career abroad. Trainers and pet professionals are among the highest-paid officials across the nation in medicine and hospitality. Among the various Veterinary Science universities at your dream destinations are as follows:
The undergraduate program in veterinary Sciences in Australia takes between 5 to 7 years. A career in veterinary is gratifying and in demand. The average salary of a veterinarian is around USD 87,500 (INR 6,600,000) per annum. The highest workers make up to USD 126,819 (INR 9,500,000) annually.
|The University of Sydney||INR 18,000,000|
|The University of Queensland||INR 6,000,000|
|The University of Melbourne||INR 16,000,000|
|University of Adelaide||INR 9,000,000|
|La Trobe University||INR 7,000,000|
Veterinary e is considered as similar as to the average of all other occupations. But as the number of pet owners increases, the country demands more professionals in the veterinary field. Because of the limited positions, admission to veterinary schools can be a challenge in Canada. Some of the top colleges offering veterinary Sciences include:
|The University of Guelph in Canada||INR 18,000,000|
|The University of Winnipeg||INR 3,000,000|
|University of Prince Edward Island||INR 2,000,000|
|University of Regina||INR 1,300,000|
To become a licensed vet in the UK, one must be approved by the Royal College of veterinary surgeons (RCVS). The duration of an undergraduate program is 5 years, and if the candidate already has a rated degree, they must take a 4-year graduate entry veterinary degree course.
|University of Surrey||INR 9,200,000|
|University of Stirling||INR 6,200,000|
|University of Bristol||INR 17,000,000|
|The University of Liverpool||INR 18,000,000|
|University of Glasgow||INR 17,000,000|
United States of America
To pursue a career as a veterinarian in the US, the candidate must have a bachelor’s degree. The candidate can also fill up the form for admission in the US to fill-up valid credentials. A bachelor degree holder needs to continue a DM in veterinary in a specific field to become a vet.
|The University of California, Davis (UCD) in the United States||INR 37,000|
|Cornell University in the United States||INR 4,400,000|
|Ohio State University Columbus in the United States||INR 2,400,000|
After completing a 5 year and divided program in Veterinary Sciences, one can pursue a master’s degree for opening up more job opportunities. But there are various opportunities after completing the undergraduate program both nationally and internationally.
Courses after BVSc
After the undergraduate program, if one wishes, they can also pursue masters in Veterinary Sciences. Masters will provide specialised training in a particular expertise. It is a two-year course in various specialisations.
|Course name||Course fees|
|MVSc Veterinary parasitology||INR 50,000 to 3 lacs|
|MVSc Veterinary biochemistry||INR 1 to 6 lacs|
|MVSc Pharmacology and toxicology||INR 5,000 to 5 lacs|
|MVSc Veterinary microbiology||INR 50,000 to 5 lacs|
|MVSc Livestock products Technology||INR 10,000 to 50,000|
|MVSc Animal genetics and breeding||INR 10,000 to 2 lacs|
|MVSc Veterinary surgery and radiology||INR 50,000 to 2 lacs|
|MVSc Veterinary and animal husbandry extension||INR 28,000 to 3.25lacs|
|MVSc Animal nutrition||INR 8,000 to 3 lacs|
The highest degree in Veterinary Sciences is a doctoral program or PhD. Admission in PhD in Veterinary Sciences is based on relevant entrance examination and counselling sessions. It offers various specialisations under surgery, microbiology, pathology and so forth. The major specialisations in the referral program in Veterinary Sciences include Veterinary surgery and radiology and Veterinary parasitology. It is the highest-paid specialist in the Veterinary Sciences sector.
Jobs After BVSc
As per your choice and interest of specialisation, you can practice veterinary with a valid licence. There is a vast choice available to choose a job and pursue professionalism.
- Veterinary Surgeon – They treat wounds and injuries in the bones and joints through surgeries. The average salary of a veterinary surgeon is 5.87 lacs per year.
- Veterinary Officer – Due to the rules and policies for animal healthcare in the department of agriculture. Their salary varies as per the government standards.
- Animal caretaker – They provide care and treatment and fight for animal welfare in NGOs. Their average salary per year is 3.89 lacs.
- Social Workers for Animals – They provide care and treatment and fight for animal welfare in NGOs. Their average salary is 3.89 lacs per annum.
- Animal Care Specialist – They are specialists in hospitals and government departments for animals. Their average salary per year is 5.74 lacs per year.
- Animal Breeder – Animal breeding for various reasons like a show companion pets for food consumption. Their average salary per year is 3.66 per year.
- Animal Scientist – They research domestic and farm animals to increase food productivity and prevention of diseases. Their average salary is 5.42 per annum.
The top profiles in Veterinary Sciences as per their ranks are stated below:
- Veterinary officer
- Animal Research scientist
- Cattle breeders
- Veterinary surgeon
- Veterinary doctor
- Animal care specialist
Other Working Options
Some other job opportunities after pursuing Veterinary Sciences include jobs in the –
- State Government sector
- Centralised sectors
- Academic research extension wink off Veterinary colleges
- Local body is municipalities or panchayat
- Private sector
- Work abroad
Salary for BVSc Candidates
Salary is one of the essential parts of any profession. Self-employment may or may not generate substantial valid salary benefits. But the top profiles of a veterinarian are up to 9 lacs depending upon experience and sector of work.
The salary of a vet depends upon experience. Entry-level Vet with less than one year of experience can expect average total compensation of around 494,000 per annum (tips and bonuses included). As experience increases, the salary structure may fluctuate a little. The detail is as under:
|Years of Experience||Salary|
|1 year or less||INR 495,000|
|Up to 4 years||INR 491,000|
|Up to 9 years||INR 524,000|
|Up to 19 years||INR 900,000|
|20 years or more||INR 800,000|
The base salary of a Veterinary scientist begins from INR 145,000 and goes up to 1 million. As bonus and overtime add up, the total pay also increases. For salary as per the job, profiles refer to the article above.