The branches of environmental science

Last Updated on February 9, 2022

Environmental science is one of the most booming fields in development. With more and more people moving to urban areas in search of better job opportunities, cities have expanded becoming wastelands of concrete. It is a challenge for the government to contain or control air pollution and curb the harmful greenhouse gases that are emitted every day into the atmosphere. So, environmental science is emerging as a new helping hand. Environmental science is one of the broad branches of science dedicated to study the outer space and its inhabitants without harming them. They have mastered everything there is to know about it.

Right here on Collegelearners, you are privy to a litany of relevant information on 5 major areas of environmental science, what are the four components of environmental science, types of environmental science, and so much more. Take out time to visit our catalog for more information on similar topics.

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The Branches Of Environmental Science

Environmental science is an interdisciplinary academic field that integrates physical, biological, and informational sciences to study the environment and find solutions to environmental problems.

Explanation:

It deals with subjects like understanding of the earth processes, evaluating alternative energy systems, pollution control and mitigation, natural resources management and the effects of global climate change.

Major branches of environmental sciences are :

  • ATMOSPHEREIC SCIENCES
    Focuses on earth’s atmosphere with an emphasis upon its inter
    relation to other systems.
  • ECOLOGY
    It is the interaction between organisms and their environment.
  • ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY
    it is the study of chemical alterations in the environment.
  • GEOSCIENCES
    This includes environmental geology, environmental soil sciences,
    volcanic phenomenon and the evolution of the eartt’s crust.
5 Major Fields Of Environmental Science - WorldAtlas

5 major areas of environmental science

  • There are five major fields of environmental science; each one made up of multiple smaller disciplines. These five fields are atmospheric sciences, ecology, environmental chemistry, geosciences, and social sciences.
  • Atmospheric sciences mostly deal with global warming and its effect. Scientists can create special computer models that depict how the atmosphere circulates, how chemicals react within it, and how animals contribute to carbon dioxide emissions.
  • Ecologists research a plethora of things, including how a specific species or a group of living creatures are influenced by their environment or some specific aspects of it.
  • Environmental chemistry goes into more detail, and it explores things like chemical effects on different plants, the chemical degradation of the environment, and the way chemicals get transported through the environment.
  • Geosciences are often considered a branch of planetary sciences, and they explore the chemical and physical constitution of our planet, but also its atmosphere.

The importance of environmental science has never been higher than during these times. With climate change becoming an even more significant issue than ever before, we need to explore all of the ways we can use to solve environmental problems. Environmental science is an academic field that combines multiple scientific disciplines to explore and better understand the environment. It merges biological, physical, and information sciences such as biology, chemistry, physics, ecology, zoology, oceanography, geology, and many more.

Environmental science aims to solve problems such as the extinction of specific animal or plant species and deal with important issues such as climate change. It also tries to understand human relationships with nature and its various aspects by integrating social sciences among all of the other disciplines it encapsulates.

The discipline started to gain traction during the 1960s and the 1970s when people realized they needed to focus more on environmental problems. There are five major fields of environmental science; each one made up of multiple smaller disciplines. These five fields are atmospheric sciences, ecology, environmental chemistry, geosciences, and social sciences.

5. Atmospheric Sciences

Atmospheric sciences study the Earth’s atmosphere and how it relates to other systems, mostly its relation with the environment.
Atmospheric sciences study the Earth’s atmosphere and how it relates to other systems, mostly its relation with the environment.

Atmospheric sciences study the Earth’s atmosphere and how it relates to other systems, mostly its relation with the environment. The atmosphere and all of the processes that occur in it have a large impact on the environment, so it is extremely important to learn as much as we can about it. Several sciences fall under the atmospheric sciences, including meteorology and the studies of airborne contaminants, greenhouse gas phenomena, and even sound propagation phenomena.

The latter is related to noise and light pollution, which have recently begun gaining attention as problems of modern society. Atmospheric sciences mostly deal with global warming and its effect. Scientists can create special computer models that depict how the atmosphere circulates, how chemicals react within it, and how animals contribute to carbon dioxide emissions. This is only a small part of the contributions made by atmospheric sciences.

4. Ecology

Ecology is defined as the study of how living organisms on our planet interact with each other.
Ecology is defined as the study of how living organisms on our planet interact with each other.

Naturally, ecology plays a large role in environmental science. Ecology is defined as the study of how living organisms on our planet interact with each other. This includes humans, animals, plants, and their environment. Ecologists research a plethora of things, including how a specific species or a group of living creatures are influenced by their environment or some specific aspects of it.

They can also research how several different types of organisms interact with each other and try to explain their relationship in more detail. These types of relationships can have a large impact on our environment. Ecology is an interdisciplinary field, and it can combine many other disciplines such as chemistry, physics, geology, and biology. All of these fields have a way of dealing with the topics explored by ecology and can approach the same problem from different perspectives and explore various aspects of that problem.

3. Environmental Chemistry

Environmental chemistry explores the various chemical processes and the changes they make to the environment.
Environmental chemistry explores the various chemical processes and the changes they make to the environment.

As one could conclude, just by looking at the name of this field, environmental chemistry explores the various chemical processes and the changes they make to the environment. This field mostly deals with water pollution and soil contamination. It makes sense because chemical processes and various chemicals can play a large role in these processes.

Environmental chemistry goes into more detail, and it explores things like chemical effects on different plants, the chemical degradation of the environment, and the way chemicals get transported through the environment. This field is also able to create computer models that serve as examples for research. These models allow scientists to view the molecular structure of chemicals, and they can explore its impact on the environment. This impact can most often be seen on soil, on various plants, and in certain cases on animals.

2. Geosciences

Geosciences are also known as earth sciences and are a field that deals with and connects all scientific disciplines that explore our planet directly.
Geosciences are also known as earth sciences and are a field that deals with and connects all scientific disciplines that explore our planet directly.

Geosciences are also known as earth sciences and are a field that deals with and connects all scientific disciplines that explore our planet directly. These include geology, the exploration of volcanic phenomena, environmental soil science, and the research on the development of the Earth’s crust.

Geosciences are often considered a branch of planetary sciences, and they explore the chemical and physical constitution of our planet, but also its atmosphere. Four main branches fall under geosciences, divided by their area of study, and those areas are the lithosphere, the hydrosphere, the atmosphere, and the biosphere. Each one of these branches is divided even further, creating more specialized branches. Geosciences also collect perspectives from various other sciences such as physics and biology.

1. Social Sciences

Social sciences in the context of environmental science are most easily defined as specific fields that deal with the relationship between humans and nature.
Social sciences in the context of environmental science are most easily defined as specific fields that deal with the relationship between humans and nature.

Social sciences in the context of environmental science are most easily defined as specific fields that deal with the relationship between humans and nature. They are mostly divided into three larger fields, geography, anthropology, and sociology. Geography studies the various ways that the populations of humans can affect many features of our planet; it deals with specific data and is mostly based on quantitative research.

Anthropology seeks to examine how many different facets of humankind interact with each other and the environment. This includes the biology, geography, culture, and history of humankind. Finally, sociology explores the various dynamics in human society and provides environmental science with many crucial statistics.

Earth Science and Its Branches | Earth Science

what are the four components of environmental science

Atmospheric sciences
Main article: Atmospheric sciences
Atmospheric sciences focus on the Earth’s atmosphere, with an emphasis upon its interrelation to other systems. Atmospheric sciences can include studies of meteorology, greenhouse gas phenomena, atmospheric dispersion modeling of airborne contaminants,[4][5] sound propagation phenomena related to noise pollution, and even light pollution.

Taking the example of the global warming phenomena, physicists create computer models of atmospheric circulation and infrared radiation transmission, chemists examine the inventory of atmospheric chemicals and their reactions, biologists analyze the plant and animal contributions to carbon dioxide fluxes, and specialists such as meteorologists and oceanographers add additional breadth in understanding the atmospheric dynamics.

Ecology

Biodiversity of a coral reef. Corals adapt and modify their environment by forming calcium carbonate skeletons. This provides growing conditions for future generations and forms a habitat for many other species.
As defined by the Ecological Society of America, “Ecology is the study of the relationships between living organisms, including humans, and their physical environment; it seeks to understand the vital connections between plants and animals and the world around them.”[6] Ecologists might investigate the relationship between a population of organisms and some physical characteristic of their environment, such as concentration of a chemical; or they might investigate the interaction between two populations of different organisms through some symbiotic or competitive relationship. For example, an interdisciplinary analysis of an ecological system which is being impacted by one or more stressors might include several related environmental science fields. In an estuarine setting where a proposed industrial development could impact certain species by water and air pollution, biologists would describe the flora and fauna, chemists would analyze the transport of water pollutants to the marsh, physicists would calculate air pollution emissions and geologists would assist in understanding the marsh soils and bay muds.

Environmental chemistry
Main article: Environmental chemistry
Environmental chemistry is the study of chemical alterations in the environment. Principal areas of study include soil contamination and water pollution. The topics of analysis include chemical degradation in the environment, multi-phase transport of chemicals (for example, evaporation of a solvent containing lake to yield solvent as an air pollutant), and chemical effects upon biota.

As an example study, consider the case of a leaking solvent tank which has entered the habitat soil of an endangered species of amphibian. As a method to resolve or understand the extent of soil contamination and subsurface transport of solvent, a computer model would be implemented. Chemists would then characterize the molecular bonding of the solvent to the specific soil type, and biologists would study the impacts upon soil arthropods, plants, and ultimately pond-dwelling organisms that are the food of the endangered amphibian.

Geosciences
Main article: Geosciences
Geosciences include environmental geology, environmental soil science, volcanic phenomena and evolution of the Earth’s crust. In some classification systems this can also include hydrology, including oceanography.

As an example study, of soils erosion, calculations would be made of surface runoff by soil scientists. Fluvial geomorphologists would assist in examining sediment transport in overland flow. Physicists would contribute by assessing the changes in light transmission in the receiving waters. Biologists would analyze subsequent impacts to aquatic flora and fauna from increases in water turbidity.

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