easiest programming language to learn

Due to its relatively straightforward syntax and emphasis on eliminating clutter, fast-growing Python is often seen as the easiest programming language to learn. There are lots of English words contained in the code itself, which is key to helping you avoid getting lost.

Is Python Easier than Java?

When it comes to programming languages, there is often a debate about which one is easier to learn and work with. Two of the most popular languages, Python and Java, are frequently pitted against each other in this context. In this article, we’ll explore the question: Is Python easier than Java?

Python: The Beginner’s Best Friend

Python has gained immense popularity over the years, and one of the reasons for its success is its simplicity. Python’s syntax is clean, readable, and easy to understand, making it an excellent choice for beginners. It emphasizes code readability, which means that even someone new to programming can grasp the basics quickly.

One of the key factors that contribute to Python’s reputation as an easy-to-learn language is its minimalistic approach. Python developers often say that the language enforces good practices, encouraging developers to write clean, organized, and efficient code. This simplicity and readability make Python a great choice for those just starting their programming journey.

Java: A Sturdy Giant

On the other hand, Java is known for its robustness and versatility. While its syntax might be more verbose compared to Python, it offers a strict and well-defined structure. This strict structure can be both an advantage and a disadvantage, depending on the context.

Java’s strong typing system and complex syntax can be intimidating for beginners. It has a steeper learning curve when compared to Python. However, once you get past the initial challenges, Java’s strict structure can help developers avoid common coding errors and promote good software engineering practices.

The Verdict

In terms of ease of learning, Python tends to be the winner. Its simplicity and readability make it a top choice for those who are new to programming. Python’s extensive standard library and a large, supportive community also contribute to its beginner-friendliness. When it comes to writing code quickly and efficiently, Python often comes out on top.

Java, while more complex and challenging to learn, offers certain advantages in terms of scalability and performance. It’s a language that’s widely used in enterprise-level applications, making it an essential skill for many professional developers.

The choice between Python and Java ultimately depends on your goals. If you’re a beginner looking to get started with programming, Python is an excellent choice. If you’re planning to work on large-scale projects and enterprise-level applications, Java might be more suitable, although it may require more time and effort to become proficient.

Is HTML Easier than Python?

The comparison between HTML and Python might seem a bit unusual, as these two languages serve different purposes. HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is primarily used for creating the structure of web pages, while Python is a versatile programming language that can be used for a wide range of applications. However, let’s explore whether HTML is easier than Python for specific tasks.

HTML: The Language of Web Structure

HTML is often the first language that aspiring web developers encounter. It’s a markup language that uses tags to define the structure of a web page. HTML is relatively easy to learn, and even individuals with no programming experience can quickly pick up the basics.

The simplicity of HTML lies in its tag-based structure. You use tags like <html>, <head>, and <body> to define the structure of a web page. While HTML itself doesn’t provide the logic and functionality that Python does, it’s still an essential language for anyone involved in web development. Learning HTML is like learning the alphabet before you can read; it’s a fundamental building block for web development.

Python: The Swiss Army Knife

Python, on the other hand, is a full-fledged programming language with a wide range of applications. It’s known for its versatility, which allows developers to use it for tasks beyond web development. Python’s syntax is generally considered more complex than HTML, especially for those new to programming.

Python is excellent for building web applications using frameworks like Django or Flask. It provides a higher level of abstraction, allowing developers to focus on the functionality of their web applications rather than the underlying structure. Python’s capabilities extend to data analysis, artificial intelligence, scientific computing, and more.

The Verdict

In terms of ease of learning for web development purposes, HTML is undoubtedly easier than Python. HTML’s straightforward and tag-based structure makes it accessible to beginners. You can create a basic web page with HTML in a matter of hours, making it an ideal starting point for web development.

Python, while more versatile and powerful, has a steeper learning curve for beginners. If your goal is web development, you’ll still need to learn HTML for structuring your web pages, but Python can be a valuable addition for creating dynamic and interactive web applications.

Ultimately, the ease of learning depends on your specific goals. If you’re solely interested in web development, HTML is the easier choice. However, if you’re looking for a versatile language with a broader range of applications, Python is a more powerful tool, albeit with a slightly higher learning curve.

Which Coding Language is the Hardest?

The difficulty of programming languages is a topic of debate among developers. Some languages are renowned for their complexity and steep learning curves, while others are lauded for their simplicity and ease of use. So, which coding language is the hardest?

Assembly Language: The Lowest Level

Assembly language is often considered one of the most challenging programming languages. It’s a low-level language that’s specific to a particular computer architecture. Programmers who work with assembly language must have a deep understanding of the hardware they are programming for, making it a highly specialized skill.

Writing in assembly language involves working with raw memory addresses, registers, and opcodes, which can be incredibly complex and error-prone. While it offers a level of control that higher-level languages do not, it comes at the cost of significant complexity.

Haskell: The Pinnacle of Functional Programming

Haskell is often cited as one of the most challenging high-level programming languages. It’s a purely functional language with a strong type system. Functional programming can be a paradigm shift for developers who are used to imperative languages, and Haskell takes functional programming to an advanced level.

Haskell’s type system, which includes concepts like monads and type classes, can be intimidating for newcomers. While functional programming has its benefits, it can be a departure from the way most people think about programming.

Brainfuck: The Esoteric Challenge

Brainfuck is not a language you’ll encounter in professional software development. It’s an esoteric and intentionally minimalistic language designed to challenge and amuse programmers. Brainfuck consists of just eight commands, and writing even simple programs in it can be an exercise in extreme frustration.

The simplicity of Brainfuck is deceptive, as it requires an entirely different way of thinking about programming. It’s often used in coding competitions as a test of a programmer’s ability to work with extreme constraints.

A laptop open with code displayed on the screen, beside a pen and notebook.

1. Should I learn to code?

For the most part, this question is a no-brainer. These days, many people who are learning to code are not even aiming to become web or software developers.

As digitization gathers pace and more roles involve collaboration with technical teams, being able to understand the potential and demands of coding is proving to be a major advantage across a whole host of jobs.

Learning coding or programming can give you an edge at being able to understand what is possible in your job, as well as what is not possible.

These days, there are a whole variety of different ways to learn to code. In fact, with so many different resources available, it can be important to work out which is best for your own specific learning style.

For some, online video tutorials (such as the one you’ll come across later in this article), are an excellent way to get started. The majority of them are free, and the combination of video and audio will help you understand what is being typed and why.

For those who want to learn in a more intense interactive format, then web development bootcamps are a popular option. There are a wide variety, including many which teach coding purely online.

If you feel like you don’t want to take the plunge quite yet, then taking an introductory course could be the perfect compromise. Much shorter and less expensive than a full program, these tend to focus on the easiest programming languages to learn—a nice way to get started in the field.

2. How do I decide which programming language to learn?

The answer that will disappoint you (but that you’ve probably been expecting) is that there isn’t one definitive easiest programming language to learn.

Instead, there are three rough groups—several that are easier than others (we’ll get into that more later on), some incredibly hard ones for those unused to the nature of programming, and many which can be similar to other coding languages you might already know.

For example, those learning Go (or Golang) would need to have a good knowledge of C first, as it is required for memory manipulation.

It also depends on what your ultimate goal is for learning programming—someone who is seeking to learn coding to get hired as a web developer will have vastly different priorities from a copywriter who just wants to learn a bit more about formatting languages to help with a WordPress blog.

Think about what you want to achieve with coding further down the line; there can be a difference between what is the easiest programming language to learn and the best for you. So, what characteristics make for an easier programming language? Let’s take a look.

3. What makes a programming language easy to learn?

Quite often, it can be hard to pin down exactly what makes a language more accessible to beginners than others.

A good place to start, however, would be results. How quickly can you start seeing the effects of the coding you’ve done? Languages such as HTML and CSS are useful in this respect, as you can quickly check the visual result of your coding.

Another important factor for newbie web developers in choosing a language is syntax. Just like deciding whether to learn a language like French or Japanese, how easy it is to read can be a major factor.

The more difficult (or noisy) a programming language is with different numbers and symbols denoting different things, the harder it will be for humans to process it at first.

For this reason, languages like Python are good for beginners, as they include a lot of whole words in their syntax. Remember that a computer doesn’t really care how simple or clean syntax or code is—it’s humans that will struggle.

There are several other factors affecting whether a language is easy to learn or not. These include how big or receptive its community is for supporting learners, as well as whether a language is static or dynamically typed.

Dynamic languages are considered to be more beginner-friendly because they will run the code until they hit an error and stop there, whereas a statically typed language (such as Java) will not allow the program to run if there is an error in the code.

This means that, essentially, with dynamic languages there is less time spent fiddling with tiny details. On top of this, their flexible nature allows for a wide range of uses.

So, bearing those things in mind, we’ve picked out five of the simplest programming languages to pick up right now:

4. Our 2023 list of the easiest programming languages


Okay, so many web developers don’t technically consider HTML a programming language, because it serves more of a structural than a functional purpose. However, others would argue that because it still give instructions to a computer, HTML does count as a language.

Regardless of which side of the argument you choose, it doesn’t take away from the fact that learning HTML and CSS is a popular place to start when it comes to taking a first look under the hood of web pages.

Put simply, HTML tells the computer how to display a page, and CSS tells it how to style it. And this is one of the things that makes them both an easy-to-learn programming language, as you’ll get instant feedback on the code you’ve just typed. Simply refresh the web page and you can see the glorious effects of your coding—or where you’ve gone wrong.

CSS is a language which describes how these sheets themselves are styled, adding a bit of dazzle to your frontend. In just a few hours of practice with these two, you can quickly create beautiful web pages.

In this video tutorial, Abhishek walks you through the basics of HTML: 


Career change: How I became a web developer

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PHP is a backend (or server-side) language which helps generate dynamic page content, such as the sending and receiving of cookies. Working primarily with databases, websites such as Wikipedia and Tumblr employ it.

PHP is one of the easiest programming languages to learn due to its merciful nature, clear syntax, and thriving support resources. Most importantly of all, it’s free! 


Due to its relatively straightforward syntax and emphasis on eliminating clutter, fast-growing Python is often seen as the easiest programming language to learn.

There are lots of English words contained in the code itself, which is key to helping you avoid getting lost. Not only is it relatively simple to pick up, there are so many advantages of learning Python for web development right now.

The good news doesn’t stop there, however—as well as being quite simple to use (fewer lines of code = less work before you start seeing results) it’s exceptionally useful professionally. Python is employed in a wide variety of areas such as data science and web app development, and it’s even used by Google and Netflix.

We’ve gathered several of the top real-world applications of Python for web development in this guide. Being sixth in the Most Admired and second in the Most Desired lists of the 2023 Stack Overflow Developer Survey shows that learning Python is an excellent choice for beginners.


Native across all browsers, suitable for both frontend and backend web development, as well as being enduringly popular and useful, JavaScript is definitely one of the most useful programming languages to learn early.

Together with HTML and CSS, it’s known as one of the pillars of the internet. Far from just a frontend language, over the decades it’s grown to be used for a wide variety of things, including coding software applications and even the Internet of Things (IOT).

Further down the line you’ll be even able to proudly boast that you are a full-stack developer, thanks to the arrival of the Node.js runtime environment in 2009. If you’re curious, our beginner’s guide will tell you what Node.js and how it works.

Once you’re professionally competent in the language, there’s another plus—JavaScript developer salaries are very enticing.

As well as being important, getting started with learning JavaScript is easy.


A language which was designed to be accessible to people from a variety of different backgrounds and skillsets, Ruby is definitely one of the easiest programming languages to learn.

With its easy-to-follow syntax, clean code, and lack of prerequisite theoretical knowledge, it’s designed for beginners. In fact, learning this language has gotten even better ever since it got the mother of all tune-ups—Ruby on Rails.

The Ruby on Rails framework adds many extra dimensions to the language, allowing you to build web apps increasingly quickly. It also allows you to do more, including use it for software applications, something PHP does not.

While in a way a framework won’t exactly help your learning of the language itself, Ruby and Rails are an excellent lesson in how language and framework interact.

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