Pursuing a college degree in California can provide more than just some fun in the sun. Educational opportunities and leading industries in the state are among the factors that make studying in California worth the potential extra costs, like a high cost of living.
There are many reasons to study in California. California has several diverse cities with active arts and culture offerings, as well as various natural landscapes. From Silicon Valley to Yosemite National Park, prospective students can find enriching activities and internship opportunities.
Investing in a college degree can be expensive, and that price varies based on your residency. In 2019-2020, the average undergraduate tuition and required fees for in-state students in California was $8,192 at a public four-year institution. It was $32,177 for out-of-state students, according to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES).
These tuition costs do not include true living costs. When considering colleges, you should factor in costs for rent or student housing, books and supplies, and transportation. All these elements influence the actual cost of your degree.
What’s the Difference Between In-State vs. Out-of-State Tuition?
The definition of an in-state resident varies between states. Typically, a student is considered an in-state resident if their legal custodian has been a resident of the state for a year or more. Exceptions may apply for students whose parents or guardians are active-duty military or who are divorced.
Check each college you apply to for their in-state and out-of-state tuition rates. Being a resident of the state your prospective public college is in can significantly lower your tuition. However, some colleges offer low out-of-state tuition rates, too.
Tuition rates have risen, but there are ways to save money. The type of college you attend will also affect your tuition rates. For instance, most private colleges offer the same tuition rates regardless of residency status. However, many community colleges offer cheaper tuition to in-state residents.
Program types may also factor into your tuition rate. On-campus, in-person degrees may offer different tuition rates based on in-state vs. out-of-state residency. Some fully online degree programs offer the same tuition rate to all applicants.
How Much Is In-State Tuition in California?
Despite the higher cost of living in many areas of California, the average tuition rates for in-state residents are cheaper than the national average. In 2019-2020, the average cost of tuition and fees for a public four-year institution was $8,192 for in-state residents of California.
For public two-year institutions, the average cost of tuition and fees for California residents was $1,270 a year. This is nearly one-third the national average cost of tuition and fees for in-state residents attending a two-year institution.
|In-State Tuition Costs and Required Fees in California|
|Institution Type||Average Cost of Tuition and Fees|
|Public 4-year (in-state)||$8,192|
|Public 2-year (in-state)||$1,270|
Can I Get In-State Tuition in California?
In order to gain residency status in California to receive in-state tuition, you must:
- Be a legal citizen or permanent resident of the United States
- Have spent at least one year leading up to the first day of classes as a physical resident of California
- Plan to live as a legal resident in California for at least one year after graduation
If your parent(s)/guardian(s) are not physical residents of California, and you are under the age of 24 and unmarried, you must be able to prove you have been financially independent for at least two years. This means you have paid the majority of your own housing and living costs.
In order to prove residency, you could be asked to provide:
- An ID card like a driver’s license
- Vehicle or voter registration
- Tax returns
- Bank statements
- Employment verification
- Housing verification
How Much Is Out-of-State Tuition in California?
Compared to in-state tuition, the cost of out-of-state tuition goes up substantially in California. For a public four-year institution, the average cost of out-of-state tuition and fees was $32,177 in 2019-2020. This cost is higher than the national average cost of out-of-state tuition.
Out-of-state costs increase significantly for two-year institutions as well. The average annual cost for out-of-state tuition for public two-year colleges is $8,194 in California. However, this cost is comparable to the national average for public two-year institutions.
Regardless of residency status, the average cost of tuition and fees for private four-year colleges in California is $37,009 annually.
|Out-of-State Tuition Costs and Required Fees in California|
|Institution Type||Average Cost of Tuition and Fees|
Can Out-of-State Students Get In-State Tuition Rates in California?
Even if you are not a California resident, there are a few ways to gain in-state tuition rates. These options may not apply to every out-of-state student. But you may be surprised by the different ways out-of-state students can get in-state tuition rates in California.
One of the most common ways to receive in-state tuition is through a reciprocity program. Reciprocity programs are agreements between different states to offer students discounted tuition.
For instance, California partners with Colorado. This allows Colorado students to receive in-state tuition in California, and California students can receive in-state tuition in Colorado. Depending on where you live, your state residency may get you in-state tuition rates in California.
Your academic achievements may also earn you access to in-state tuition in California. Some colleges may be willing to offer in-state tuition rates to students who graduate from high school with a high GPA or to students who perform exceptionally well on national standardized tests.
California also offers exemptions for students who fall within certain categories or have experienced specific hardships.
Read more about each of these options below.
California participates in the Western Undergraduate Exchange (WUE) program. WUE allows residents of certain states to receive in-state tuition, or a reduced tuition rate, in participating undergraduate programs in California. States involved in WUE include:
- New Mexico
- North Dakota
- South Dakota
- The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
High Academic Achievement
Students who demonstrate high academic achievement may be able to receive in-state tuition rates. Students can also earn more scholarship money to help fund their college tuition. Colleges may offer scholarships to students who have a high overall GPA or who have earned high ACT or SAT scores.
Along with school-specific scholarships, students who have a record of high academic achievement can apply for private scholarships as well. A wide variety of scholarships are available for academic merit.
Applying for academic scholarships can be time-consuming, but receiving scholarship money for your academic achievements can significantly reduce the cost of your tuition and fees.
Exemptions and Exceptions
Tuition exemptions exist for qualifying students in different circumstances. In California, applying students who fall under the California Dream Act or under California Law AB 540 can receive an out-of-state tuition exemption. These exemptions apply to students who are not legal residents of the United States.
Other qualifying factors that may earn you an exemption or exception on out-of-state tuition include:
- Child or spouse of a deceased firefighter or police officer who was a resident of California at the time of their death
- U or T visa holders
- Violence Against Women Act qualifiers
- Foster children
Colleges Offering In-State Tuition for California Residents
California boasts a wide range of public institutions known for their high-quality education. If you’re a California resident, you can take advantage of in-state tuition at these universities:
- University of California (UC) System: The UC system, which includes renowned institutions like UC Berkeley, UCLA, and UC San Diego, offers in-state tuition to California residents. These universities are known for their world-class education and research opportunities.
- California State University (CSU) System: The CSU system comprises 23 campuses, including CSU Long Beach and CSU San Francisco. California residents can benefit from in-state tuition at these institutions.
- Community Colleges: California’s community colleges are an affordable stepping stone for higher education. Tuition rates are significantly lower for residents, making them an excellent choice for those looking to transfer to four-year institutions.
Colleges Offering In-State Tuition for Texas Residents
Texas is home to several excellent universities and colleges that offer in-state tuition rates to residents:
- University of Texas System: The University of Texas System consists of multiple institutions, such as the University of Texas at Austin and the University of Texas at Dallas. Texas residents can enjoy in-state tuition at these renowned schools.
- Texas A&M University System: Texas A&M University, with its flagship campus in College Station, is part of this system. Texas residents benefit from affordable in-state tuition rates.
- Texas State University System: Universities like Texas State University in San Marcos offer competitive programs and affordable tuition for Texas residents.
Colleges Offering Forensic Science Programs
For those interested in forensic science, here are some colleges and universities known for their strong programs in this field:
- University of Central Florida (UCF): UCF offers a comprehensive forensic science program, including bachelor’s and master’s degrees, with state-of-the-art labs and renowned faculty.
- Pennsylvania State University (Penn State): Penn State’s Forensic Science Program is highly respected and offers a Bachelor of Science in Forensic Science. Students benefit from hands-on training and cutting-edge research.
- John Jay College of Criminal Justice: Located in New York City, John Jay College is renowned for its criminal justice and forensic science programs, providing both undergraduate and graduate degrees.
Colleges Offering In-State Tuition to Out-of-State Students
If you’re an out-of-state student looking for affordable options, consider these colleges that offer in-state tuition to non-residents:
- University of Arkansas: This institution provides the New Arkansan Non-Resident Tuition Award, which allows out-of-state students with a GPA of 3.6 or higher to pay in-state rates.
- University of Maine: The Flagship Match Program allows out-of-state students to attend the University of Maine at in-state tuition rates if their major is not offered in their home state.
- Western Undergraduate Exchange (WUE): The WUE program is a consortium of public colleges and universities in 16 Western states. It allows non-resident students to pay up to 150% of in-state tuition at participating institutions.
Access to affordable education is a significant concern for many students and families. If you are a resident of California or Texas, there are numerous institutions offering in-state tuition rates, making higher education more accessible. Additionally, if you’re passionate about forensic science or are an out-of-state student seeking cost-effective options, there are colleges and programs designed to cater to your needs.
Researching and understanding your options is crucial when pursuing higher education. Consider your location, interests, and financial situation to find the best fit for your educational journey. The right college and program can open doors to countless opportunities and set you on a path to success.