Neuropsychology is a subspecialty of psychology that focuses on how the brain and nervous system function in relation to cognition and personal behavior. Specialists in this field often focus their efforts on deficiencies, specifically the injuries and illnesses of the brain and nervous system that can impede function and behavior. As a neuropsychologist, you will study the structure of the brain for the purposes of diagnosis and treatment. The field is still experimental and offers aspiring neuropsychology majors rich opportunity for growth and discovery. This post reveals details on the Best Type Of Psychology To Study, how to study psychology effectively, bachelor of psychology, what can i do with a bachelors degree in psychology and is psychology easy to study.
Neuropsychologists study the brain and other parts of the nervous system to understand how they work and how this understanding can be used to provide diagnosis and treatment. This work may be accomplished while employed in research and teaching positions at universities, in one-on-one clinical care, or in research-focused positions at government or private institutions. Neuropsychology practitioners may also work in private practice or as a freelance consultant with any of the aforementioned organizations. Read on for more details on Best Type Of Psychology To Study, how to study psychology effectively, bachelor of psychology, what can i do with a bachelors degree in psychology and is psychology easy to study.
In addition to other tasks, a neuropsychologist may administer brain scans and utilize additional technologies to diagnose and treat patients with psychological birth defects, as well as those who have suffered traumatic brain injuries, been diagnosed with depression or have some other form of brain-related disease or disorder.
The top priority of a neuropsychologist is to provide a diagnosis and pathway that helps patients to improve their cognitive abilities and brain function. As a largely a diagnostic field the typical day will consist of extensive testing and observation.
Neuropsychology practitioners work with a diversity of patients at various stages of development. Some specialize in children while others work strictly with adults who have experienced a traumatic brain injury. The circumstances that bring a patient into your care, the cognitive abilities of that patient and the severity of their injuries or illnesses will have a tremendous impact on your approach as a neuropsychologist.
Best Type Of Psychology To Study
We begin with Best Type Of Psychology To Study, then later on: how to study psychology effectively, bachelor of psychology, what can i do with a bachelors degree in psychology and is psychology easy to study.
The study of the human or animal mind and behavior, Psychology branches out into various more focused studies or subfields as an academic discipline. Many students thriving for higher education take an interest in the workings of the mind can further specialize in a more specific concentration. Psychology aims to better humanity in the personal, work, and social settings by promoting constant interpersonal development while stumping individual roadblocks.
If you’re interested in this field, first it’s important to know the concentration you’ll be focusing on in your career. These are the best concentrations in Psychology:
- Behavioral Psychology
- Clinical Psychology
- Cognitive and Perceptual Psychology
- Counseling Psychology
- Developmental Psychology
- Engineering Psychology
- Research/Experimental Psychology
- Forensic Psychology
- Health Psychology
- Industrial/Organizational Psychology
- Social/Personality Psychology
- Sports Psychology
- Quantitative and Measurement Psychology
While each area is different, all are equally interesting and beneficial. Let’s get to know the core specialties.
Behavioral psychology studies how our mind and our behavior connect. Also called Behaviorism, this psychological approach is concerned with understanding why humans think, feel, and behave the way they do. It seeks to uncover behavioral patterns with the end goal of helping predict action. It also aims to improve individual behavior and transform them into positive habits through behavioral-modification techniques. Behaviorism utilizes scientific and objective investigation strategies but deals primarily with stimulus-response behaviors. It is anchored on the principle that human behavior is learned through interaction with their environment. If you are interested in this practice, you need to earn a graduate-level degree in behavioral neuroscience that specializes in behavioral psychology. Clinical psychologists are required to earn licensure before practicing.
Clinical Psychology centers on the assessment and treatment of mental illness and other complex or abnormal psychiatric problems of the mind. This is ideal for individuals who are comfortable with hands-on work, and with a lot of patients. Clinical psychology is a graduate study, and graduates earn a psychology doctorate along with training in clinics. Once you receive your doctorate, you’ll need plenty of hours for fieldwork in a clinic, hospital, counseling centers to both group and independent practices. Work typically involves assessing, diagnosing and treating psychological disorders, conducting research or administering programs to prevent and resolve clinical problems. Prior to choosing a program in this field, always be sure it is accredited by the American Psychological Association.
Cognitive and Perceptual Psychology
Cognitive and perceptual psychologists work around human thinking, memory, reasoning, perception, decision-making, and judgment. The field studies how the mind copes with reality and how people comprehend, gain knowledge or communicate. You need to earn a Ph.D. to practice as a cognitive and perceptual psychologist. Licensure is a plus but it is not a requirement unless you are in a consulting practice or clinical profession. The range of specializations includes visual processing, artificial intelligence, memory disorders, children’s understanding of emotions, conscious and unconscious behavior, and self-awareness.
To counsel means to guide and help people cope with life problems, allowing them to realize their central strengths and helping them understand their psychological well-being. This type of psychologist is an expert at observing the differences in human traits in many respects, including religion, race, and sexual orientation around which instruction, research, and psychotherapy work revolve. Graduates of Counseling Psychology Ph.D. programs work in government agencies, research firms, private firms, substance abuse treatment centers, and universities to counsel people of all age groups.
A branch that deals with human psychological development, developmental psychology helps people in various stages of life: prenatal, early childhood, middle childhood, adolescence, early adulthood, middle adulthood, and finally, old age. This is a wide-field specialization that leads to various career paths such as rehabilitation counselor, behavioral therapist, caseworker, and school counselor. Several schools across the country offer Master’s Degree and Doctoral Degree programs in Developmental Psychology.
Fit for our fast-paced and highly-advancing world, Engineering Psychology (also called Human Factors Engineering) emphasizes the behavior and capability of man as they relate to the application of technology or operational systems. Engineering Psychologists are holders of master’s or doctorate degree. Their work typically involves researching, designing products, or developing software with the goal of making products and resources function more efficiently and offer ease of use in the age of consumerism.
The human mind is complex; Research/Experimental Psychology helps map out the many intricacies better. This field of study involves research and application of scientific methods for discovering how the human brain works as it relates to post-traumatic stress disorders and treatment of mental illness. This subfield of Psychology requires critical thinking skills and communication competence as they advocate for research. To become a fully-fledged research psychologist, you need to earn a doctoral degree, complete post-doctoral placement, and apply for licensure. The Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts a 19% job growth for this field.
Forensic psychology work requires eagerness and awareness of social and cultural issues, high observational and communication skills, genuine passion for resolving crime, adaptability, composure, and patience. Forensic psychologists work with detectives, lawyers, and other professionals to, among other things, evaluate the mental state of a crime suspect for testimony in a court of law. Forensic psychologists hold a Ph.D. or PsyD degree and have obtained licensure. They work in law firms, forensic hospitals, correctional facilities, law enforcement agencies, and judicial courts.
Health psychology, sometimes called medical psychology, involves the study of behavioral and psychological progressions in health, sickness, and healthcare along with the social factors affecting them. Health psychology aims for health education and prevention of physical and psychological illnesses. Health psychologists who hold appropriate training are given prescribing powers in some states. They work in health care clinics, hospitals, universities, or private corporations and specialize in women’s health, pain management, oncology, and smoking cessation, among others.
Industrial-organizational psychologists enhance the quality of the work environment of and increase productivity within, an organization. They utilize psychological principles and research methods to resolve issues to ensure that everyone in it is in a healthy working and social condition. Specific work includes counseling employees or members of the organization, rehashing company policies, and creating new work processes. Some professionals team up with the human resource department, while others are specially hired. They work in construction sites, factories, or multi-million-dollar corporations. Industrial and organizational psychologists are holders of a master’s degree.
how to study psychology effectively
Now we consider how to study psychology effectively, bachelor of psychology, what can i do with a bachelors degree in psychology and is psychology easy to study.
Psychology exams can be stress-inducing, but there is no need to panic as test day approaches. While there are no sure-fire shortcuts when studying for a psychology test, there are things that you can do to get the most out of your study time.
Preparation is always the key to doing well on any exam, so by starting early and making the most of the time and resources that are available, you will feel better able to tackle the test and less likely to experience test anxiety. By following these relatively simple strategies, you can be sure that you’ll be ready when test day arrives.1
Start Studying Early
Don’t wait until the night before an exam to start hitting the books. From the very first day of class, establish a regular study schedule.1 Plan to spend at least one hour studying for every hour that you spend in class, but be prepared to set aside more time as you delve deeper into the subject.
It is also important to consider your own abilities, weaknesses, and the subject-matter at hand when creating a study schedule. There might be certain areas where you excel that require less focused attention, while other areas might be much more of a struggle.
Devise a study schedule that allows you to review all of the information covered in class and still spend extra time on those particularly difficult concepts.
Become an Active Listener
Class lectures are not a time to kick back and let the instructor drone on. Instead, focus on becoming an active listener and participant in psychology lectures and discussions. Read the assigned textbook material before each class session and make note of any questions you may have.
During the lecture, take quality psychology notes that you can review later.2 Don’t worry about writing down everything that the instructor says, but do try to outline major topics, ideas, and questions.
Also remember, if the lecturer feels that something is important enough to write down on the board or overhead slide, then you should definitely include it in your lecture notes.
There is a very strong probability that the information will end up appearing on your next test.How to Take Great Psychology Notes3
Review Your Class Notes Frequently
After taking careful psychology lecture notes, it is time to put them to good use. If you have a little time directly after class, sit down and spend 15 to 20 minutes going over your notes for the day.
In addition to your regular review time, spend a few hours each week studying your notes in greater depth. Consider creating flashcards and practice tests to memorize vocabulary terms and psychological concepts.34
Form a Psychology Study Group
Studying in small groups is a great way to challenge yourself, review important concepts, and discuss the theories you have learned in class.4 Ideally, you should form a group of about three to five individuals.
Try to get together at least once a week to talk about the material from class lectures and assigned readings. Another option if you are unable to participate in a small study group is to attend study sessions hosted by the class instructor or teaching assistant.5
Take Practice Quizzes
Practice quizzes are a great way to determine which concepts you understand and which ones you still need to work on.1 In addition to developing your own quizzes, you can often find practice quizzes at the end of every chapter in your textbook. Another option is to look for psychology tests and quizzes on the Internet.
bachelor of psychology
Next, we reveal details on bachelor of psychology, what can i do with a bachelors degree in psychology and is psychology easy to study.
What is a Psychology Degree?
Degrees in psychology are available at every level of higher education, from associates to doctorates. Psychology degrees at all levels allow students to study human behavior and the cognitive and social aspects of human thinking and interactions. They are research focused with heavy emphasis on problem solving allowing students to answer the question – why do people behave the way they do? Students in a psychology program will study psychology theories, group dynamics, and individual thinking as well as psychological disorders and mental health disorders. If that’s something that appeals to you, a psychology degree might be a great fit.
Psychology programs are a popular choice among college students because any degree in the field will unlock career opportunities in several different areas including education, criminal justice, law enforcement, public health, and business just to name a few. In fact, psychology degrees are the fourth most popular degree according to the U.S. Department of Education with over 6% of all college graduates earning the degree.
This isn’t surprising given that the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) predicts that the field of psychology is expected to add 26,100 jobs between 2018 and 2028, which represents a growth of 14%. This is well above the national average for all occupations, which currently stands at 5%. Students who pursue a psychology degree also are set for good compensation in their career since the BLS reported in 2019 that the median annual salary for psychologists was $80,370.
Here we’ll break down the concentrations you can choose, differences between each degree level, and some common courses you might take within them. We’ll also give you information to help you pick a psychology program, connect you with scholarship options, offer a few career options to consider and help you understand licensing and certification.
Psychology Degree Concentrations
Starting at the bachelor’s degree level, students can begin to specialize their psychology degree studies by choosing a concentration. There are many to choose from; each school may have a slightly different variation and some may have completely unique ones. Here we’ll look at five fairly common options at a variety of degree levels.
Developmental psychology degree concentrations take a deeper dive into the mental, emotional and psychological growth of humans as they age. Coursework unique to this specialization might include adolescent development, psychological factors in aging and behavioral disorders that develop in childhood. Students who choose a concentration in developmental psychology may be able to pursue careers as child psychologists, early childhood education specialists and hospice facilitators.
Students in a forensic psychology degree concentration might have the chance to look at topics like victimology, the psychological aspects of criminal behavior and mental illness in the criminal justice system. Forensic psychologists might work for non-profits helping the victims of crimes recover, they might help law enforcement understand the behaviors of criminals or they might work with prosecutors and defenders to help them understand how witnesses behave in a courtroom.
A concentration in industrial-organizational psychology examines the ways individuals behave within organizations and how organizations behave and change as they grow. Professionals in this field might help develop employee training programs, improve the culture within a company or assist in building teams that work well together.
Neuropsychology is a bleeding-edge field that focuses on brain-related injuries and disorders and how to treat them. Concentrations in neuropsychology include coursework in cognition, neuropsychological assessment, memory and neuropsychopharmacology. Professionals in this highly specialized field might work with doctors and brain surgeons to help them understand behavioral and cognitive changes and develop interventions, or they may conduct independent research to further our understanding of the brain.
Sports psychology degree concentrations offer insight into the ways in which mental factors play a role in physical performance. Coursework looks at topics like the mental aspects of a sports-related injury, exercise psychology and professional ethics in sports. Graduates with a concentration in this field might work with athletes to help them get the most out of their bodies, focus on overcoming performance anxiety or mental rehabilitation from an injury.
Associate Degree in Psychology
Associate’s degrees in psychology cover the fundamentals of human behavior and typically offer introductions to some of the biggest theories in the field. Most programs require a high school diploma or a GED and most are around 60 credits, which takes about 2 years to complete.
At this level, you’ll see two common degrees: an Associate of Arts (AA) in Psychology and an Associate of Science (AS) in Psychology. The curriculum for both is often quite similar, and both will help you prepare to transfer to a bachelor’s degree program. If you know you want to continue on to a 4-year school, the associate of arts might be a better bet since most are designed with this in mind. Conversely, if you’d like to start working upon graduation, the associate of science might touch on topics that will help you land a job immediately.
Some jobs you might be able to snag with an AS or AA in psychology include:
- Psychiatric aide or technician
- Paraprofessional counselor
- Social services assistant
- Substance abuse counseling assistant
Courses in a Psychology Associate Degree Program
While each associate’s in psychology degree program is different, there are some courses that most have in common. Here are a few of them:
- Psychology of Interpersonal Relationships. Courses in interpersonal relationships look at the ways humans relate to and interact with one another. This might include verbal and nonverbal communication, relationship cultivation and the expression of feelings.
- Psychology of Human Sexuality. These courses examine the psychology behind sexual behaviors including how social attitudes, socioeconomic status and ethnicity can all play a role in shaping our sexual selves.
- Abnormal Psychology. Students examine dysfunctional behaviors from a scientific and historical perspective and learn about the DSM, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
- Child Psychology. Child psychology courses look at human development during childhood; the social, familial, cultural and ethnic factors that influence how we mature mentally.
- Social Psychology. A course like this might dive into the ways other people influence our thoughts about ourselves, how individuals behave within groups and how attitudes are formed and changed.
Bachelor’s Degree in Psychology
Bachelor’s degrees in psychology offer introductory coursework, especially in the first two years, but then begin to unpack more advanced topics in the field. They also give students much more space to specialize, with diverse electives and concentrations in a wider range of disciplines within the field.
Admissions are a bit more rigorous, too. Applicants may need a minimum GPA in high school, a good score on the SAT or ACT and transcripts from any other schools. Like most bachelor’s degrees, programs in psychology typically take around 120 credits and 4 years to complete.
Courses in a Psychology Bachelor’s Degree Program
The courses you’ll take in a bachelor’s psychology degree program will depend greatly on your school, your concentration and your course of study. There are a few classes that are fairly universal:
- History of Psychology. These courses help students look at current psychological theories within the context of its history; they might look at influential thinkers and movements that have shaped our understanding of ourselves.
- Evolutionary Psychology. Courses in evolutionary psychology examine the ways in which human evolution has influenced the way we think and behave.
- Cognitive Psychology. An introductory course on cognitive psychology may explore human memory, problem-solving and learning.
- Statistics in Psychology. Statistics play a huge role in psychological research, so classes like these help students understand how to gather them, organize them, interpret them and form theories around them.
- Behavior Therapy. Behavior therapy courses delve into methods of treatment for abnormal behaviors, strategies for affecting change in patients and current programs for intervention.
what can i do with a bachelors degree in psychology
More details to be unveiled on what can i do with a bachelors degree in psychology and is psychology easy to study.
Psychology is the study of the human mind and behavior, offering the chance to explore unanswered questions about the brain, such as how it functions under stress, how it learns language, how it remembers facts or how mental illness can affect the way it works. During your psychology degree you can choose to specialize in specific areas of psychology such as health, clinical, educational, research, occupational, counseling, neuro, sport and exercise, and forensic.
So, what can you do with a psychology degree?
There are many different options available to psychology degree holders, depending on your specializations and interests, such as:
- Social worker
- Educational psychologist
- Human resource manager
- Research roles
- Media roles
Although many roles will be available to you with an undergraduate degree, some more highly specialized roles may require further study. Of the psychology careers which don’t require further study, training is usually available on the job to ensure you continue moving forward in your career.
Read on for some insight into the types of careers open to you with an undergraduate psychology degree (BA or BSc).
Typical psychology careers
With a psychology degree, you’re well placed to pursue careers in both arts and scientific fields, depending on your personal interests. There are many options within public and private healthcare, education, mental health support, social work, therapy and counseling. These roles may be advisory, research-led, treatment-led or therapeutic.https://273e998b02eb71dcf10acd361585245b.safeframe.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-38/html/container.html
There are also a number of less typical roles for psychology graduates, including jobs in media and other creative industries. Overviews of these typical and not-so-typical careers with a psychology degree are outlined below.
Psychology careers in healthcare and therapy
With further study and training you’ll be able to gain qualification as a chartered psychologist. Within this highly specialized role, you’ll work with people of all backgrounds, both patients and clients. You’ll analyze behaviors, thoughts and emotions in order to better understand and advise on certain actions and/or psychological issues. As a chartered psychologist, you’ll have the option to specialize in a number of areas, including occupational psychology, educational psychology, sport and mental health.
(Note: If you wish to become a psychiatrist – a doctor specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of mental health disorders – you will need to gain a medical degree.)
A psychotherapist will work with individuals, couples, groups or families, to help their clients overcome psychological issues, including emotional and relationship-related issues, stress and even addiction.
Depending on what you choose to specialize in during your degree, as well as your personal interests, you can choose to act as a psychotherapist using a number of approaches. These include cognitive behavioral methods, psychoanalytic and psychodynamic therapies, as well as art therapy, drama therapy, humanistic and integrative psychotherapy, hypno-psychotherapy and experiential therapy.
A social worker is someone who works with people who are going through difficult periods in their lives; including groups such as children or the elderly, people with disabilities and victims of crime and abuse. The role of a social worker is to safeguard these people from harm and provide support in order to allow people to improve their situations. Social workers may work within schools, homes, hospitals or other public agencies and will tend to specialize in working with children and families or vulnerable adults.
As a counselor you’ll be involved in helping people come to better terms with their lives and experiences through exploration of feelings and emotions. You’ll work within a confidential setting and be expected to listen attentively to your clients. Key traits of a counselor include the ability to listen, empathize, offer respect and patience, as well as to analyze the issues at play in order to enable the client to better cope with their situation and help support them in making choices. Like psychotherapy, counseling is often a form of talking therapy and can encompass areas including marriage and family, health, abuse, rehabilitation, education, grief, mental health, career guidance and pediatrics.
Psychology careers in education
Psychology graduates interested in the education sector have a number of different options. As well as educational therapy, educational psychology and social work within education, psychology graduates may qualify as teachers, working in primary, secondary or tertiary level education. They may instead work within social services to help support learning in the community at all ages, or within the prison sector to provide support for young offenders.
To become an educational psychologist, you will need the same qualifications as any psychologist (a master’s degree and further training). This is a role concerned with the development of young people in educational settings, with the aim of enhancing learning and dealing with social and emotional issues or learning difficulties.
To teach psychology, depending on the level you choose, you’ll need an additional teaching qualification. To enter careers in tertiary education (colleges and universities) you will likely need a further qualification, such as a master’s and/or PhD. Roles in higher education are likely to encompass both teaching and research (see below).
Psychology careers in research
Psychology careers in research may be based within research agencies, public and private organizations or in universities. University-based careers vary but tend to combine research and teaching. Research careers within other sectors are even more wide-ranging but could mean contributing to governmental policy development or issues of importance for industry. You could also work for a charity or other non-profit organization, perhaps conducting research to help resolve challenges such as speech impediments, brain damage, child development or the impact of legal and illegal drugs on psychological health.
Less typical careers with a psychology degree
As a psychology graduate at bachelor level, there are thousands of opportunities for you outside healthcare and educational roles if you know where to look. This is due to the varied transferable skills you gain from your degree, as well as widespread recognition of the advantages of having psychological and analytical expertise. In broad terms, psychology graduates can be found working in all sectors of society, including media, criminal justice and rehabilitation, advertising, business and management, sports, public agencies and the legal sector. Some less typical careers with a psychology degree are outlined below…
Media and advertising careers
It might not be an obvious choice for psychology graduates, but media careers are varied, with ample opportunities to apply the skills a psychology degree will hone. Psychology graduates can impart valuable insights into human behavior, as well as offering the ability to analyze problems, listen attentively, give considered responses and act with empathy and reason. Because of this, media roles within all departments including management, production, scheduling and writing are well within reach for psychology graduates.
Human resources and communications careers
Psychology is all about understanding people and how they think, making human resources and communications careers another good match. These roles, available in both the public and private sectors, encompass areas such as employee satisfaction, professional development, training, recruitment, PR, payroll and internal communications.
Business and management careers
Thanks to a keen sense of how to handle both data and people, business and management careers are another good option for psychology graduates. Although further training and work experience are likely to be required before entering managerial roles, you could start out by pursuing careers within business consultancy, marketing, sales, advertising or business development, before working your way up the ladder.
is psychology easy to study
Psychology is one of the more difficult degrees and many of your assignments will require you to cite your sources and will require you to back up a lot of the arguments that you have.
How difficult is it to study psychology?
The degree is difficult no matter what aspect of psychology you happen to be studying, don’t take this too hard, no university degree is easy.
A psychology degree tends to focus more on coursework, exams and lectures, although there will be the occasional need for practical work too. But the rewards from a degree in psychology are far more rewarding. Just be prepared for a lot of work.
Psychology will always have an element of difficulty regardless of what level of university or college you’re studying it in, just make sure you read as much as possible before you start work. It is possible to have your workload lightened slightly if you are studying an online psychology degree.
The modules will change depending on the university you are at and in which particular discipline of psychology you are studying, however, the usual psychology modules are:
- Introduction to social and differential psychology
- Language and communication
- Neural basis of vision and action
- Research methods C
- Research methods D
- Social and cognitive development
These modules are studied in a more in-depth nature at a postgraduate level. Some of the careers listed below require you to have studied these modules at a postgraduate level before.