The scope of microbiology in Canada is rising due to the rising healthcare concerns around infections and their causes. This rising concern has created a need for more microbiologists in Canada.
In your search for information online, you might not discover everything you need. However, this is certainly not the case here, as the article below gives you all the relevant details regarding microbiology jobs, courses after BSc microbiology in Canada. On Collegelearners, you will also find related articles on microbiology scope in India, microbiology courses & undergraduate microbiology courses in Canada.
The scope of Canadian microbiology involves studying the different types of microorganisms found across the country, including bacteria, viruses, protozoa and fungi. Students of Canadian microbiology learn the basics of how these organisms are classified, how to diagnose and treat diseases they cause, and how to test water supplies for this kind of micro-organisms. As well as learning about their raw biological material, students also learn how to work with them and use them for medical or food preparation purposes.
Best Microbiology Programs in Canada
Is simple words, microbiology is a broad discipline of biology with works with the function, structure, uses, and the existence of the microscopic organism. You can also see the example of bacteria in “Yogurt”. Bacterial cell helps the milk to change into yogurt using fermentation process. The scope of Microbiology is huge because of the involvement of microbiology in various fields such as Pharmacy, Medicine, clinical research, agriculture, dairy industry, water industry, nanotechnology & chemical technology.
Microbiology is one of the most popular courses after BiPC and as a prominent branch of Biology which involves the study of bacteria, fungi, viruses, and other microscopic organisms that cannot be seen with the naked eye. A microbiologist identifies and examines the behaviour of certain microbes in given conditions and the impact they can have. Encompassing the elements of various other disciplines such as genetics, immunology, and molecular biology, the scope of Microbiology is huge
Microbiology is the science that deals with the study of microorganisms and the effects of diseases that microorganisms produce. Microbiology degrees study the shape, structure (morphology), genetic and metabolic processes in microscopic and sub-microscopic organisms.
The science of microbiology is relatively young and it offers practical applications for different areas of human activity: medicine, agriculture, nutrition, biotechnology and more. Theoretical and practical accumulation of nuclear physics, cellular and molecular biology, and information techniques have led to the improvement of microbiology logistics, resulting in the rapid development of microbiology as a multilateral science. Studying microbiology touches upon elements of other disciplines like chemistry, biomedicine, public health, environmental impacts and human health.
Here are some of the duties:
- Plan and conduct studies of the environment, and of the population, distribution, structure and functional characteristics and behaviour of plants and animals
- Conduct ecological and environmental impact studies and prepare reports
- Study, identify and classify plant and animal specimens
- Conduct experiments in plant or animal growth, heredity and breeding
- Prepare reports and plans for management of renewable resources
- May supervise biological technologists and technicians and other scientists.
- Microbiologists and cell and molecular biologists
- Conduct research into the structure, function, ecology, biotechnology and genetics of micro-organisms, including bacteria, fungi, protozoans, and algae
- Conduct research into the structure and functioning of human, animal and plant tissues and cells
- Conduct studies into the identification, effects and control of human, plant and animal pathogens and toxins
- Conduct clinical or laboratory studies to test, evaluate and screen drugs, pharmaceuticals and nanoparticles used in biomedical applications
- Conduct molecular or biochemical studies and experiments in genetic expression, gene manipulation and recombinant DNA technology to develop new or alternative methods of producing products
- Conduct research in biotechnology to discover, develop and refine, and evaluate new products
- May participate in the commercialization of new products
- May supervise biological technologists and technicians and other scientists
- May conduct biostatistical data analysis using computer modelling techniques.
- Biologists and related scientists may specialize at the macroscopic level, in fields such as botany, zoology, ecology and marine biology or, at the cellular and molecular level, in fields such as genetics, immunology, pharmacology, toxicology, physiology, pathology, bacteriology, virology, biotechnology and bioinformatics.
- marine biologist
- cell biologist
- molecular biologist
Careers In Microbiology
With the constant awareness of the usefulness of Microbiology, many people are flocking towards this field to pursue some of the high salary courses after 12th science. Here are the top careers in Microbiology:
|Food Microbiologist||5,00,000 INR|
|Medicinal Chemist||5,50,000 INR|
|Biomedical scientist||5,81,325 INR|
|Water quality laboratory technician||1,83,126 INR|
|Food technologist/Scientist||7,50,000 INR|
|Cosmetic Scientists||4,70,400 INR|
|Clinical Research Associate||3,44,254 INR|
|Sales or technical representative||4,30,000 INR|
|Research assistant||3,73,000 INR|
|Clinical and veterinary Microbiologist||6,75,078 INR|
|Ouality assurance technologists||5, 54,000 INR|
With an aim to devise and create products that can be used in scores of applications, a Biotechnologist carries extensive research on the physical, chemical, and genetic characteristics of microbes and produce user-friendly products. From agriculture and pharmaceutics to genetics and food sciences, the scope of microbiology while working as a biotechnologist is broad.
When we talk about the scope of microbiology, food microbiologist is a work profile that is very popular. These professionals work towards preventing foodborne diseases by conducting extensive research on the disease-causing microbes, their conditions, packaging of food, food poisoning, legislations, etc. You can work in educational institutes, NGO’s, government and private agencies, etc under this profile and can further amp up your knowledge by pursuing a Career in Food Biotechnology or related disciplines.
With an aim to identify, design, and optimize drugs using chemical compounds, the medicinal chemists play a pivotal role in the pharmaceutical sector. As a Medicinal Chemist, the scope of MIcrobiology is not only restricted to developing new drug formulations but also extends to devising new techniques through which drugs can be made. For those who want to establish a Career in Biochemistry, this can be an ideal role.
As discussed, the scope of microbiology is not only restricted to certain specific fields but has applications in other sectors too. A pharmacologist is one such profession where the microbiologists are in demand. Identifying and analyzing the link between living components and substances so as to formulate new medicinal products is the main task of such professionals.
With applications in almost every sector, nanotechnology courses encompass the elements of chemistry, biology, physics, pharmacology, microbiology, etc. From identifying and finding solutions to infectious diseases to water and sewage treatment, the scope of Microbiology by working as a Nanotechnologist is immense. MBA in PharmacyDiploma in Pharmacy (D Pharma)Applications of Nanotechnology
In the beer production industries, technical brewers are senior-level professionals who through their managerial and technical knowledge, oversee, manage and maintain the brewing process and equipment. Such experts should be adept in concepts related to biochemistry, microbiology, etc.
A marine biologist is the one who studies marine life and identifies the causes disrupting the same. With various microorganisms like fungi, bacteria, algae forming an essential part of marine life, these professionals examine the physiological and behavioural process of various marine species and can also work on taxonomy and fossil microbiology.
Working in hospitals, clinics, laboratories, and research institutes, clinical scientists strive to use their knowledge in the field of medicine and biomedical research, that help the growth of living organisms, along with developing various medications and treatments for it. To know more, explore our exclusive guide on How to Become a Scientist!
Normally working in the laboratories, a biomedical scientist collaborates with healthcare professionals such as doctors or pharmacists to diagnose and manage various diseases, through a collection of various fluids, biopsies, and other samples.
The scope of microbiology is also visible in Forensic Sciences. These professionals apply analytical and scientific knowledge and techniques to inspect the evidence from the crime scenes and prepare a legal statement for the court cases. They are mostly involved in either laboratory analysis or crime scene investigations.
Where Do Microbiologists Work?
There are many employers within a variety of industries that are interested in employing the skills, knowledge and competencies of microbiologists, including:
• Pharmaceutical companies
• Federal, provincial/state, or municipal government departments
• Colleges and universities
• Public and private research institutes
• Environmental consulting firms
• Biotechnology companies
• Medical research organizations
Scope of Microbiology
Microbiologists today are in huge demand in a number of industries and sectors across the world. Not being limited to just one, here are the most in-demand fields and areas where the scope of microbiology is visibly high:
- Food Microbiology
- Environmental Science
- Healthcare and Medicine
- Genetic Engineering
- Agrochemistry biotechnology
- Pollution control boards
- Research Centres
- Forensic Labs
Microorganisms in food industries are used in preparing various other food products, such as pickles, cheese, vinegar, alcohol, bread, green olives, etc.
The scope of microbiology in this sector is vast. From understanding and using the microbes(primary decomposers) and bioremediation to pest control, microbiologists can work on an array of issues prevalent in this field.
Bacteria and other microbes are used to manufacture various Antibiotics and synthesize vitamins which is essential for the body. They are also used for gene therapy for treating genetic diseases. This is why the scope of microbiology in this field is increasing.
The scope of microbiology in this discipline is vast due to the increasing popularity of the field. The genes of the microbes are manipulated in order to produce useful and valuable products such as hormones, enzymes, etc.
Career Advancement for Microbiologists
Microbiologists often receive greater levels of responsibility and independence in their work activities as they acquire more and more experience. These same levels of responsibility and experience can also be achieved when microbiologists advance their level of education. For example, microbiologists who earn their Ph.D. are usually those that lead research teams and control the direction and content of projects.
With an acquisition of experience and education, microbiologists can also pursue careers at the management or executive level. Those who pursue management careers spend much of their time on administrative tasks such as preparing budgets and schedules.
Best Global Universities for Microbiology in Canada
- University of Toronto
- University of British Columbia
- McGill University
- University of Calgary
- University of Alberta
- University of Montreal
- Laval University
- McMaster University
Here are some of the basic requirements you’ll need for every application:
- A scan of your diploma (high school or Bachelor’s degree),
- A transcript/record of your previous courses,
- A scan of your passport,
- Your CV,
- Testing scores,
- Evidence of scholarship or funding,
- Letters of recommendation (between 2-3),
- Portfolio and/or writing samples.
- Helpful ways to make sure you qualify for a Canadian university
- Take Preparation Courses: These kinds of courses enable degree-seeking students to get an extra educational boost just before they start their Master’s degree or other post-graduate degree programmes. Try a pre-M.B.A., pre-Law, or pre-Medicine programme, as well as any other foundation or preparation courses that will allow you to study in the degree programme of your choice;
Improve your English through an English-language prep course: If you’re attending a Bachelor’s, Master’s degree or Ph.D. in Canada, you will need to prove that your language skills are good enough to participate in the classes and understand the lectures. These courses will also prepare you for any of the English-language tests that universities require.
To apply to study in Canada, you’ll need to provide proof you have a diploma for your English proficiency.
The certificates generally accepted by the universities in Canada are:
C1 Advanced or C2 Proficiency
List of Common Courses
Fundamentals of Microbiology Course
In this entry-level class, participants study prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms. Lectures and labs focus on microbial anatomy and physiology. The coursework lays the foundation for further microbiology courses, as well as specialized coverage of subjects like marine and medical microbiology.
Genetics of Microbiology Course
Focusing on the genetic structure of various microbes, lessons cover gene function and expression, cloning, and genetic engineering. This class also includes in-depth coursework on DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) replication, repair, mutation, and mapping. Students take labs that accompany their lectures either concurrently or separately.
General Virology Course
Virology is the study of the incubation, transmission and replication of viruses. Instruction includes a structural look at common viruses like the one that causes influenza, also known as the flu. Viruses that affect plants, animals and humans are all examined. Students study common viral pathologies, organisms’ physiological response to exposure to viruses and typical antiviral treatment options.
Microbial Pathogens and Immunology Course
Students gain an understanding of the immune system and how it functions in response to specific microbial pathogens. They explore the development and use of vaccines and learn about immunoglobulin, t-cell receptors, immunological deficiencies, transplant conditions, allergic reactions and autoimmune conditions. This class typically includes lab work and is available toward the end of a degree program.
Infectious Diseases Course
Immunodeficiency, antibiotic abuse, human behavioral changes, breakdown of public health and land use issues are the focus of this upper-level course. It explores, asks and answers questions about emerging and re-emerging diseases. There is no lab component.
Studying Microbiology in Canada
Students interested in studying Microbiology in Canada have many choices of schools they may attend. Below is the full list of Canadian Universities offering this program, each with detailed information about their program, including research facilities, list of faculty, financial support available, and admission information.
|Simon Fraser University, Molecular Biology & Biochemistry|
|University of British Columbia, Microbiology & Immunology|
|University of Victoria, Biology|
|University of Victoria, Biochemistry & Microbiology|
|University of Alberta, Microbiology & Biotechnology (Biological Sciences)|
|University of Alberta, Medical Microbiology & Immunology|
|University of Calgary, Microbiology & Infectious Diseases|
|University of Calgary, Cellular, Molecular & Microbial Biology|
|University of Lethbridge, Biological Sciences|
|University of Regina, Biology|
|University of Saskatchewan, Department of Veterinary Microbiology|
|University of Saskatchewan, Microbiology & Immunology|
|University of Saskatchewan, Applied Microbiology & Food Science|
|University of Manitoba, Microbiology|
|University of Manitoba, Medical Microbiology|
|Carleton University, Biology|
|Laurentian University, Biology|
|McMaster University, Molecular Immunology, Virology & Inflammation|
|McMaster University, Biochemistry and Biomedical Sciences|
|McMaster University, Chemical Biology Graduate Program|
|McMaster University, Pathology & Molecular Medicine|
|Queen’s University, Biomedical and Molecular Sciences|
|Ryerson University, Department of Chemistry and Biology|
|University of Guelph, School of Environmental Sciences|
|University of Guelph, Molecular and Cellular Biology|
|University of Guelph, Pathobiology|
|University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT), Applied Bioscience Graduate Program|
|University of Ottawa, Biology|
|University of Ottawa, Biochemistry, Microbiology & Immunology|
|University of Toronto, Molecular and Medical Genetics Laboratory Medicine & Pathobiology|
|University of Waterloo, Biology|
|University of Western Ontario, Microbiology & Immunology|
|Concordia University, Biology|
|INRS Institut Armand-Frappier , Applied Microbiology, Virology and Immunology, Experimental Health Sciences, and Biology|
|Laval University, Biochemistry & Microbiology|
|Laval University, Biology|
|McGill University, Microbiology & Immunology|
|McGill University (Macdonald Campus), Natural Resource Sciences (NRS)|
|University of Montreal, Microbiology & Immunology|
|University of Montreal, Veterinary Medicine|
|University of Sherbrooke, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases|
|Memorial University of Newfoundland, Biology|
|Acadia University, Biology|
|Dalhousie University, Microbiology & Immunology|
|Prince Edward Island|
|University of Prince Edward Island, Pathology & Microbiology|