Last Updated on August 28, 2023
If you’re interested in a career that requires you to come up with creative solutions to problems and generate new ideas, then you might enjoy being a scientist. This can be a satisfying and lucrative way to earn a living.
Qualification To Become A Scientist
A scientist has extensive knowledge in one or more specialty areas. Scientists’ responsibilities include performing research, developing solutions to problems, and running experiments. Many scientists apply for grants in order to support their research activities. Scientists generally work for government agencies, universities, and private laboratories. Some may work normal business hours, while others who are conducting research or have deadlines may work unusual hours. Requirements to become a scientist depend on the type of science you want to study.
What Type of Scientist Could I Become?
There are many types of scientists, some may choose to specialize in one field and others choose several. Some of the types of scientists that exist are:
- Archaeologist, specializing in archeology
- Agronomist, specializing in soil and crops
- Astronomers, specializing in the study of galaxies, planet, and stars
- Biologist, specializing in living organisms
- Botanist, specializing in plants
- Chemist, specializing in chemistry
- Cytologist, specializing in the study of cells
- Epidemiologist, specializing in the study of diseases
- Ethologist, specializing in the study of animal behavior
- Geneticist, specializing in the study of inherited traits
- Geologist, specializing in the study of the earth’s history
- Marine biologists, specializing in the study of ocean plants and animals
- Meteorologist, specializing in the study of the weather and climate
- Microbiologist, specializing in microscopic plants and animals
- Paleontologist, specializing in fossils
- Physicists, specializing in the study of energy and matter
- Seismologist, specializing in the study of earthquakes
subjects needed to become a scientist
A four-year bachelor’s degree may be sufficient for many scientist positions. However, if you want to work independently or perform industrial research a doctoral degree is often required. This is the highest degree a student can earn and usually consists of an additional four to eight years of college study after your bachelor’s degree.
he scientist is the most valuable professional in the modern society of our times, so is the career as a Scientist. He is the one, responsible to make this planet what it looks like today. All the technological advancements we are experiencing, that allow as to know more and more about our world are just because of the discoveries and inventions of these professionals. Scientist even saves lives by developing new life-saving drugs and medicines.
Job profile of a scientist basically involves planning, conducting and analyzing various experiments either with a goal to develop new products (life-saving medicines and consumer able goods etc.) processes or commercial applications or to widen scientific knowledge of the various existing process and phenomenon in general.
Besides doing the research work in commercial or government laboratories, hospitals and higher education institutions on an individual basis, various scientists are involved in grouped research activities as a part of a larger team involved in some scientific research to find the solution to unexplored complex phenomena. To get the reviews and inputs scientist community to disseminate information to their professional colleagues. This is done at international conferences or through the publication of research papers and presentations from time to time during their research activity. This makes the attendance of these professionals at various academic and science conferences across the world as an integral part of their job profile, rather than an additional activity.
Young and energetic people with desire and capacity for hard work can get money, fame and above all job satisfaction in this profession.
The minimum educational qualification for becoming Scientist is the 12th class or equivalent examination with related subjects.
Scientist Required Skills
- Scientists require dedicated attention, ability to work tirelessly for hours and the capacity to concentrate irrespective of unfavourable conditions and surroundings beside a knack of processing thoughts and experiences very quickly.
- They also require the ability to work independently and sometimes with little guidance.
- They also have the ability to work independently with little supervision; make own decisions; self-motivated; and the ability to keep persevering.
- The scientist also possesses an enthusiasm for their subject, presentation skills, team working, computing skills, time management/organising skills and people skills.
How to become a Scientist?
One has to below-given steps to become a Scientist-
The first and the most important step towards a career as a scientist is to choose a specialty from a variety of specific filed (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology, Geology, Astronomy or other life/social sciences) that you like, taking your interest and relative importance of the field/specialty in the present scenario into consideration.
Once the subject or field of interest is decided, get a Bachelor degree in your chosen field that can be:-
- Bachelors of Art (Social Sciences)
- Bachelor of Science (In applied and Physical Science and related subjects)
- B.E./B.Tech. in related Field
1. Educational Qualification
Candidates who wish to apply for above given Under Graduate degree courses should have passed 10+2 or equivalent examination in their related subjects.
Sometimes a specific percentage of marks (50% or 60%) may be demanded by the reputed institutes/universities to provide admission.
The aspiring candidate has to apply for the entrance tests like AIEEE, IIT-JEE etc. conducted by the various Universities and independent institutions like IIT’s, IIS’s, etc providing above given degrees course of varying duration (usually 3 to 4 years for the graduates).
However, some institute provides admission on the basis of % of marks in the qualifying examination.
After getting the basic qualification in the related field of interest the aspiring candidates have to apply for the Master’s Degree that can be:-
- Master of Science (M.Sc.)
- M.E./ M.Tech. Or any other Master’s degree in the related field
1. Educational Qualification
Candidates who wish to apply for above given Post Graduate degree courses should have a Bachelor’s Degree with the subject of specialization as one of them.
Sometimes a specific percentage of marks (55% or 60%) may be demanded by the reputed institutes/universities to provide admission to Post Graduate Courses.
The aspiring candidate has to apply for the entrance tests like GATE etc. conducted by the various Universities and independent institutions like PEC, IIT’s, IIS’s, etc providing above given Post degrees course of varying duration (usually 2 to 3 years).
However, some institutes provide admission on the basis of % of marks in the qualifying examination.
Armed with a Master Degree the aspiring scientists can apply for the Doctoral (PhD) and Post Doctoral degrees provided by various higher education and research institutes throughout the country.
Budding scientists can take up various tests like ARS/NET, Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST) entrance test, Scientist Entrance test by DRDO to pursue their career as a scientist.
Scientist Job Description
The main job responsibilities of the scientist are:
- They have to build research proposals.
- They also create and conduct experiments.
- They analyse the results of the experiments.
- They work with other researchers to use and develop the end product.
- They also have to apply for grants to continue research.