prerequisites for bachelor of engineering

Last Updated on December 28, 2022

The first step to becoming an engineer is to get the proper credentials required. The easiest way to get started is to earn an undergraduate degree in engineering. International students should consider becoming an engineering major while enrolled as an undergraduate.

International students who declare themselves as engineering majors are taking a huge step towards future career success. An undergraduate degree in engineering is the introduction to a career in engineering. By selecting a good school, finding out which field of engineering interests them most, and applying themselves to the program, international students will come out of undergraduate school as a highly educated engineer.

Find out information about prerequisites for bachelor of engineering as well as deatails about bachelor of mechanical engineering, bachelor of engineering vs bachelor of science, bachelor of engineering in computer science, bachelor of engineering nz, bachelor of engineering honours, bachelor of science in engineering. The posts on infolearners provide more information about the requirements.

Guide to Earning your Undergraduate Degree in Engineering in the US

bachelor of engineering overview

A Bachelor of Engineering (abbreviated as BE or BEng) is a first professional undergraduate academic degree awarded to a student after three to five years of studying engineering at an accredited university. In the UK, a B.Eng. degree will be accredited by one of the Engineering Council’s professional engineering institutions as suitable for registration as an incorporated engineer or chartered engineer with further study to masters level. In Canada, the degree from a Canadian university can be accredited by the Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board (CEAB). Alternatively, it might be accredited directly by another professional engineering institution, such as the US-based Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). The B.Eng. contributes to the route to chartered engineer (UK), registered engineer or licensed professional engineer and has been approved by representatives of the profession.

Most universities in the United States and Europe award the Bachelor of Science Engineering (B.Sc.Eng.), Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng.), Bachelor of Engineering Science (B.Eng.Sc.), Bachelor of Science in Engineering (B.S.E.) or Bachelor of Applied Science (B.A.Sc.) degree to undergraduate students of engineering study. For example, Canada is the only country that awards the B.A.Sc. degree for graduating engineers. Other institutions award engineering degrees specific to the area of study, such as B.S.E.E. (Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering)  and B.S.M.E. (Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering).

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Prerequisites For Bachelor Of Engineering


The requirements for an engineering major varies by university. However, most have the basic structure of engineering prerequisites and core courses. To begin with, students pursuing an undergraduate degree will need to take 60 general education courses. General education courses are the same for all students, no matter the degree program. These courses cover virtually every topic and provide introductory principles to each. At some point in the first two years of study an international student should meet with an academic advisor and declare engineering as a major. After these core courses are completed a student will start on their major class requirements that focus on the most important engineering material.


So what classes does an engineering major need to take while enrolled as an undergraduate? There are several different classes that are made prerequisite, core, and elective courses. Each class must be completed with a passing grade of “C” or better. The first subject that is important to engineering majors is mathematics. Students are expected to take courses in Statistics, Algebra and multiple classes in Calculus. Another subject that is required is Chemistry. General Chemistry and Organic Chemistry are usually both required. Physics is one of the most important sections of the engineering curriculum. Physics usually come in two different parts. The first section covers Calculus Based Physics I and the second covers Physics II.

Yet, the most important part of engineering coursework are classes directly related to engineering principles. The classes in engineering will give undergraduate students a broad understanding of their discipline. Classes include: Dynamics, Analysis of Structures, Mechanics of Materials, and Fluid Mechanics. Depending on the exact field a student chooses to study, there will be certain “major courses” that make up the final semesters in undergraduate school. Civil engineering majors for example can expect to take classes like: Geotechnical Engineering, Foundation Engineering, Design of Steel Structures, and Design of Reinforced Concrete. Usually the final course of an undergraduate program is called the Capstone course, which goes over material from all the courses taken in the major courses. This class is used to reinforce the principles of engineering and make sure future graduates are prepared for careers. Usually, the Capstone course concludes with an exam that must be passed to graduate. Additional courses in the final two years of study include electives, which are classes outside the engineering department intended for students to get a broad education while having the opportunity to explore new and fun subjects.

Degree Length

The typical length for an undergraduate degree is four years. However, many time students choose to complete the degree in five years. The reason for this is because of the difficulty of many of the courses. Engineering requires very difficult courses in topics like Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Math. To stay on a four-year plan, students will need to take 15 credits a semester, or 30 credits an academic year. Because the courses are so intensive, some students find it hard to carry 15 credits of engineering classes and instead graduate in the five year plan.

Future Education

One major use for an undergraduate degree in engineering is to go on to complete a PhD or Master’s degree program. In order to qualify for these programs, international students must have an undergraduate degree. An engineering major in undergraduate school will build a strong foundation of engineering and be able to easily transition into a graduate program.

Bachelor of Engineering Admission 2021

If you want to study abroad and get the best exposure, you have to meet some essential requirements of the leading universities. To attain overseas education in this domain candidates must have formal schooling of 10+2 from a recognized institute. Along with these students must qualify the English language proficiency tests like IELTS, TOEFLPTE etc. It is advised that students must have a creative Letter of Recommendation (LOR) and Statement of Purpose (SOP). Candidates must keep in mind that these are the general eligibility criteria for a bachelor of engineering which can vary from one university to another.  For admission to Indian universities, students have to appear for various entrance exams. Here are some of the popular entrance exams for BE:

  1. JEE Main
  3. WB JEE
  5. BIT SAT
  6. MET


BE course subjects varies depending upon the specialization and university. There are few subjects that are common in all branches of engineering:

  • Physics
  • Linear Algebra
  • Engineering Chemistry
  • Basic Electrical Engineering
  • English
  • Advanced Calculus
  • C++
  • Environmental Science
  • Basic Ethics and Laws

Bachelor of Engineering Courses List

For Bachelor of Engineering degree aspirants, there is a multitude of specializations to choose from and kick start their career. Deciding which program to opt for, can be bewildering, thus one should seek expert guidance while selecting the field. Study abroad comes with a great monetary investment, hence, researching well on your part about different domains of engineering and their job markets is a must to do! While some do the task on their own, many others run to career counsellors. We have penned down some of the choicest Engineering streams in the list given below: 

Top 10 Universities for Bachelor of Engineering Abroad

One of the most essential parts of carving your career is selecting the best institution. Through a meticulously designed curriculum, universities can transform students into professionally trained executives to work with big organizations. Here are some of the top-notch institutions providing the reputable degree of bachelor of engineering-

  1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 
  2. Stanford University 
  3. University of Oxford
  4. University of Cambridge 
  5. Princeton University  
  6. ETH Zurich
  7. University of California- Berkely 
  8. Dalhousie University 
  9. University of Alberta 
  10. University of Toronto 

Top 10 Bachelor in Engineering Colleges in India

Now that you are aware of all the key points related to bachelor in engineering. Next step is to select the right college. Here is the list of top engineering colleges in India:

  1. IIT Madras
  2. IIT Kanpur
  3. IIT Delhi
  4. IIT Bombay
  5. Anna University
  6. Jadavpur University, Kolkata
  7. NIT, Tiruchirappalli
  8. IIT-BHU Varanasi
  9. Institute of Chemical Technology, Maharashtra
  10. IIT, Kharagpur
Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering Online Degree

Bachelor of Engineering in Computer Science

Running for a period of 4 years, the Bachelor of Engineering in Computer Science is an undergraduate degree that lays emphasis on both, hardware and software of computer systems. Apart from equipping with the basic theoretical and practical knowledge related to the field of Computer Science and Engineering, the courses also impart extensive knowledge related to programming languages like C++ and Java, web-based application development, machine learning, artificial intelligence, etc. To know more check out our blog on BE Computer Science.

Bachelor of Engineering (Mechanical)

B Tech Mechanical Engineering is a 4-year undergraduate program that deals with the operation, construction, and design of various types of machinery and devices. It essentially provides an insight into the world of production and design, develops analytical reasoning ability while imparting basic knowledge on functions of machinery and how to deal with the associated problems. The course is divided into 8 semesters, with a balance of theory subjects and practical laboratories. Check out our blog on BTech Mechanical Engineering for more information. 

Credits: Knowledge Time

Bachelor of Engineering in Information Technology

Bachelor of Information Technology is an undergraduate degree in which students learn the use of software and computer applications to design, develop, implement, support, or management of information systems. The duration of the course may vary from 3-4 years depending on the country and university a student applies for. With continuous changes in technology, companies are in need of people who are equipped with problem-solving skills, creativity, and abilities to resolve challenges of day-to-day life. Information Technology is a rapidly expanding domain of Computer Science that is readily used by all in day-to-day life. Every other organization encompasses IT practices for running efficiently. Therefore, a graduate with an IT degree has a colossal wave of opportunities to build a great career. To know more about this course, read our blog on Bachelor of Information Technology.

Bachelor of Engineering in Electronics and Communication

BE Electronics is generally offered as a 4-year undergraduate course and encompasses an in-depth study of various electrical equipment and devices as well as their design, development, and manufacturing, amongst others. It equips students with the knowledge of different tools and techniques to develop more advanced and revolutionary innovations. An amalgamation of engineering branches, this specialized degree program is popularly opted by those who want to learn about hard and software design and development and further aspire to pursue a career as a software engineer, network planning engineer, instrumentation engineer, to name a few. Electronics and Communication

Bachelor of Engineering in Civil Engineering

Known to be one of the oldest and broadest branches of engineering, Civil Engineering mainly focuses on building infrastructure and facilities like bridges, tunnels, transit systems, space satellites and launching equipment, airports, highways, water supply system, harbors, dams, offshore structures, railroads, shipping canals, irrigation, river navigation, transmission towers, etc. The degree course lasts for a duration of 3 to 4-years covering a plethora of scientific topics like material science, mechanics, statistical analysis, and hydraulics.Civil Engineering

Bachelor of Engineering in Biotechnology

Biotechnology Engineering is a branch of science that integrates biology, physics, mathematics, chemistry, and engineering. The sub-disciplines include genetics, microbiology, embryology, biochemistry, chemical engineering, and information technology.  It finds application in various industries like textile, pharma, automobile, bioproducts, nutrition, etc.Biotechnology Courses

Bachelor of Engineering vs Bachelor of Technology

BE stands for Bachelor of Engineering while BTech stands for Bachelor in Technology. The major difference is the fact that BE is more knowledge-based while BTech is skill-oriented. Due to this, the curriculum of BTech is more updated as the skills change as per industrial needs. Moreover, it is compulsory to have internships and industrial visits for BTech students while it is not mandatory for BE students. Mathematics as a subject in the curriculum has more weightage and is taught in a more detailed manner for BE students than BTech students. These were some of the differences between BE and BTech. Here is a table listing these key differences: 

BTech is a skill-based courseBE is a knowledge-based course
Industrial visits and internships are compulsory for BTechIndustrial visits and internships are essential but not mandatory
More than the theoretical aspects, the main focus is on practical applicationsThe main focus is on understanding the fundamentals and gaining theoretical knowledge.
Since it is more skill-based and technology-oriented, the course is updated frequentlySince it is more knowledge-based, the course is not as frequently updated as the other
Usually, academic institutes which specifically offer engineering courses refer to their degree as BTechUsually, universities offering different courses like that in Humanities, Arts, etc, in addition to engineering, offer BE


Bachelor of Engineering is among the most sought-after courses and has a lot of scopes. The field has numerous job options available and students also have the advantage of using different career pathways and including their expertise. For instance, a bachelor of an engineering student can also earn a marketing or management degree to incorporate his area of expertise. They can also become professors and entrepreneurs in their specialized fields.  The following are some of the most popular job profiles for B.E graduates. 

  • Data Analyst 
  • Business Analyst
  • Product Development
  • Machine Design
  • Project Manager
  • Architect
  • Database Administrator
  • Technical Trainer
  • Software Developer
  • Assistant Engineers
  • IT System Manager
  • Software Engineer


Bachelor of Engineering offers students with lucrative careers. A graduate with a Bachelor of Engineering degree can earn approximately INR 699,006 per month on average. The highest-paid jobs under Bachelors of Engineering degrees are Autonomic Engineering, Mechanical Engineering or Civil Engineering. A few of the popular specializations and their average annual salary are tabulated below.

Bachelor’s SpecilizationAverage Salary
Petroleum Engineer$79,270-$137,720 (INR 58,97,505 -1,02,54,142)
Electrical Engineering$63,020- $98,530 (INR 46,92,245-73,36,194)
Materials Engineering $52,900- $93,360 (INR 39,38,746 – 69,51,254)
Computer Engineering$122,840 (INR 91,46,230)
Aerospace Engineering $116,500 (INR 86,74,176)
Chemical Engineer $108,770 (INR 80,90,878)

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