Last Updated on August 4, 2022
The two-year pre-nursing degree program provides students with the educational foundation to transfer into a Bachelor of Science in Nursing program at the junior level. Coursework requirements for the first two years at nursing schools may vary, so pre-nursing degree programs are typically designed to meet the requirements for targeted nursing schools, usually within the same region as the college offering the associate degree.
Pre-nursing programs require incoming students to have a high school degree or GED. High school chemistry, biology and math courses may also be required for enrollment. Depending on the school, admission requirements may also include a standardized college admissions test, such as ACT, or stipulate minimum high school grades.
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Pre-Nursing Degree Program
Pre-nursing degree programs include general education courses required for a bachelor’s degree at a nursing school and science courses necessary to prepare students for the BSN. Because nurses come into contact with diverse populations, often in stressful circumstances, the pre-nursing curriculum includes psychology and humanities courses intended to cultivate strong interpersonal and communication skills. The curriculum typically includes coursework in:
- English composition
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports that registered nurse positions are expected to increase by 12% from 2018 through 2028 (www.bls.gov); an aging population, advances in medical treatments and an emphasis on preventative care will all contribute to this faster-than-average job growth. The median annual wage for registered nurses was $71,730 as of May 2018, according to the BLS.
Pre Nursing Programs In Canada
Students earning an associate’s degree in pre-nursing typically continue their education by earning a Bachelor of Science in Nursing. After completing a BSN program, students must complete the state licensure exam for registered nurses before beginning work as a registered nurse. Registered nurses who wish to advance their career may go back to school to earn a master’s degree for nurse practitioners or healthcare administration.
Students wanting to purse a career as a registered nurse have the option to enroll in a pre-nursing degree program and complete the first two years of their training at a community college. Often times, graduates of these programs transfer into a partnered BSN program at a four-year university.
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Why Study Nursing in Canada
The overall expenditure on healthcare represents 11.6% of the total domestic product of Canada in 2019. With the increasing focus of the government towards this sector, the jobs for medical graduates in Canada is also on the rise.
- Full-time nursing jobs in Canada are expected to rise by 3.4%, from 64,000 in 2019 to 142,000 in 2035.
- 80% of the Registered Nursing (RN) graduates are able to obtain nursing license in Canada within 2 years of graduation.
- Internationally educated nurses increased by 7.8% from 2014 to 2018, representing 8.5% of the total nursing population of Canada.
- From 2008 to 2017, Registered Nurses (RNs) increased by 12,283, Licensed Nurses (LNs) by 6,685 and Registered Psychiatric Nurses (RPNs) by 294.
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Top Universities for BSc Nursing in Canada
10 universities of Canada were included in the list of top 100 universities for the nursing program, according to QS News World University Ranking of 2019. Except for the University of Montreal, all the other 9 universities offer BSc Nursing in Canada.
Following table lists the top 10 universities in Canada for nursing, along with their program duration and total fees:
|University||Ranking||Program Offered Duration||Total Program Fees (in CAD)||Brochure|
|University of Toronto||7||2 years||$113,900||Brochure|
|McMaster University||15||4 years||$52,094||Brochure|
|McGill University||21||4 years||$169,568||Brochure|
|University of Alberta||23||4 years||$103,912||Brochure|
|University of British Columbia (UBC)||38||2 years||$117,304||Brochure|
|Western University||45||4 years||$159,344||Brochure|
|Queen’s University at Kingston||51 – 100||4 years||$189,420||Brochure|
|University of Calgary||51 – 100||4 years||$51,348||Brochure|
|University of Ottawa||51 – 100||4 years||$142,016||Brochure|
|Dalhousie University||–||3 years||$70,020||Brochure|
BSc Nursing in Canada: Course Type and Subjects
Students pursuing bachelor of nursing are taught about human anatomy, physiology and related subjects. BSc Nursing in Canada is available in two types: Basic or Regular Stream and Accelerated Stream.
- Basic Stream: This program is for students having no previous nursing education and takes 4 years to complete.
- Accelerated Stream: Students who already have completed two years at a university can opt for accelerated BSc Nursing program. Human anatomy and physiology must be studied as compulsory subjects within those two years.
Some of the courses taught in BSc Nursing program are:
- Nursing theory
- Nursing practice
- Nurse as a professional person
- Professional issues
- Path physiology
- Human anatomy
- General education
Admission to BSc Nursing in Canada
Students are required to have a secondary school diploma/certificate with English as mandatory subject to apply for BSc Nursing in Canada. Some universities such as University of Toronto and University of British Columbia accept only transfer students in bachelor of nursing programs.
Where to Apply: Application for Ontario universities must be submitted via OUAC application portal whereas universities of Alberta accept application through ApplyAlberta application portal. Universities in the rest of the Canadian province have their own portal for accepting applications.
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Eligibility for BSc Nursing in Canada
Minimum eligibility for BSc Nursing in Canada is described below for some of the universities:
Requirements for University of Toronto BSc Nursing
- Completion of at least 10 university equivalent full-courses
- 75% or 3.0 GPA in the last year of study or in the last five courses
- Studied following courses in the previous education
- Human Physiology
- Life Sciences or Physical Sciences
- Social Sciences
- Personal Statement
- Two letter of references: one academic and one work-related
- Interview (not mandatory)
Requirements for McMaster University BSc Nursing
- 85% or above average at secondary school level
- Completion of a mandatory CASPer Test (Computer-Based Assessment for Sampling Personal Characteristics)
Requirements for University of Alberta BSc Nursing
- 70% overall at secondary school level and 50% in each required course
- Completed following courses at high school level:
- Fine Arts, Humanities, Languages other than English, Physical Education or Math/Sciences
- Calculus or Mathematics
Requirements for University of British Columbia BSc Nursing
- Direct school entry is not allowed at UBC’s nursing program. Only transfer students satisfying below mentioned criteria are eligible to apply here:
- 70% or above average in recent 30 transferable credits
- Studied human anatomy and physiology courses specified by the university
- Updated Resume
- Completed CASPer test
Requirements for Western University BSc Nursing
- 65% average in mandatory Grade 12 courses
- Mandatory Courses: English, Biology, Chemistry, Math
- Completion of CASPer test
Requirements for Queen’s University BSc Nursing
- Studied English, Biology, Chemistry and Mathematics at secondary school level
- 75% or above average in English
- Personal Statement of Experience (recommended)
Requirements for University of Ottawa BSc Nursing
- Studied following courses at secondary school level:
- English or French
- Scored 65% or above average in chemistry and biology
Requirements for Dalhousie University BSc Nursing
- Studied following courses at secondary school level:
- One additional university preparatory course
- 75% or above in each compulsory subject
- Completed CASPer test
Proof of English Proficiency
Students from countries where English is not the primary language are required to provide evidence of English proficiency. This could be done by submitting IELTS or TOEFL test scores. Minimum requirements for some of the top universities of Canada is specified below:
|University||Minimum IELTS Score Required||Minimum TOEFL (iBT) Score Required|
|University of Toronto||6.5||100|
|University of Alberta||6.5||90|
|University of British Columbia||6.5||90|
|Queen’s University at Kingston||6.5||88|
|University of Calgary||7.0||92|
|University of Ottawa||6.5||86|
Cost of Studying BSc Nursing in Canada
A student interested in studying abroad has to bear a lot of expenses including pre-arrival cost, tuition fees and cost of living.
As the term suggests, this expense is incurred even before a student is enrolled in the university. A generalized list of these costs is tabulated below:
|Type of Expense||Cost (in CAD)|
|Application Fee||$140 (approx)|
|TOEFL Fee||$210 – $330|
|Air Travel||$350 – $1200|
|Health Insurance||$600 – $800|
BSc Nursing in Canada: Fees
Fees structure of BSc Nursing in Canada includes tuition fees, ancillary fees, student union fees, laboratory fees etc. Tuition fee forms a major portion of this fee structure. Calgary University and McMaster university have the lowest annual tuition fee of 12,837 CAD and 13,024 CAD respectively among the top universities offering BSc Nursing in Canada.
Cost of Living in Canada
The Cost of living in Canada for international students includes books, food, clothing, accommodation and other personal charges. This is estimated to be around 14,000 CAD to 19,601 CAD per year.
Following charges are incurred throughout the year for a student living in Canada:
- Food: 3,267 CAD – 4,574 CAD
- Books and Other Educational Supplies: 1,960 CAD – 2,631 CAD
- Clothing: 1,045 CAD – 1,306 CAD
- Other Personal Expenses: 6,534 CAD – 9,800 CAD
Scholarships for BSc Nursing in Canada
One of the advantages of studying BSc Nursing is the availability of scholarships in Canada for international students specifically for this program. These awards are usually sponsored by the Health Sciences Department of the respective universities.
Below is the list of few of such scholarships available for international students enrolled in bsc Nursing in Canada:
|Scholarship||University||Eligibility||Award Value (in CAD)|
|Dean’s Global Award of Excellence||University of Toronto||Enrollment in BScN program||$20,000 per year|
|The Class of 1966 Nursing Scholarship||McMaster University||Academic Performance||$1,000|
|The Steve Baxter Memorial Scholarship||McMaster University||Leadership qualities||$1,000|
|The Lori Scott Nursing Scholarship||McMaster University||Completed Level 1 in Nursing||$5,000|
|F.A. Davis Nursing Undergraduate Scholarship||McGill University||Enrollment in Nursing program||$1,500|
|Canadian Nurses Foundation Awards||University of British Columbia||Enrollment in BScN||$1,500|
|Susan Nelles Scholarship||Queen’s University||4th year student of BScN||Varies|
|BN Nursing Scholarship||University of Calgary||Academic Performance||$1,500|
|School of Nursing Scholarship||University of Ottawa||Enrollment in School of Nursing||$1,000|
Scope of BSc Nursing in Canada
Post basic BSc Nursing in Canada, students can opt for becoming a registered nurse to apply for Masters in Nursing in Canada for any other country. A separate license is required for each province or territory of Canada to practise as a nurse.
Canadian Registered Nurse Examination conducted by the Canadian Nurses Association (CNA) is the common examination to become a registered nurse in Canada, except in Quebec. This exam is conducted three times a year.
Jobs in Canada after BSc Nursing
Average salary for BSc Nursing in Canada is estimated to be 142,000 CAD per annum. Nursing jobs in Canada salary starts from 104,000 CAD and can go up as high as 201,000 CAD. This includes other benefits such as housing and transportation.
Advantages of studying BSc Nursing from Canada are many including increasing job opportunities, globally recognized degree and easy PR route. That’s why more international students are attracted towards bachelors in nursing programs in Canada.