Last Updated on December 24, 2022
The phd health economics usa is a program that is designed to be relevant to students with a wide range of interests in the health sector — including those who want to do research on the economics of the private and public sector. This phd health economics usa prepares students for doctoral research on their own, with faculty, or at other universities. If you are interested in pursuing a career as an independent researcher in governmental or non-governmental research institutes, or if you want to pursue an academic career as a professor or researcher at universities or research centers, then phd health economics usa is for you.
There are a number of generic competencies in Health Economics including knowledge of theories and concepts in health economics and the ability to use and apply it to frame and address health policy problems; knowledge relating to the application of mathematical and statistical techniques to understand and assess the impact of underlying change, including policy shifts, on human and organizational behaviours; conversance with the collection and use of primary and secondary health and economic data obtained from various sources and methods; and the ability to effectively communicate research motivations, study designs, findings and implications for various audiences including academics and decision makers.
Current Research Interests and Affiliations
IHPME is affiliated with the Canadian Centre for Health Economics.
Research and study focuses on resource allocation within the health sector, and between that and other sectors. Health Economics at IHPME is focussed on developing and applying economic theory and methods:
- Approaches taken to the study of the health and health services marketplaces
- Theories and empirical studies of health related behaviours including the demand for health and health services as well as potentially deleterious behaviours such as smoking
- Theories and empirical studies concerning the supply of health services and their application to hospitals, health care professionals and other settings and providers
- Research on how health care markets work (e.g., those for labour, health services and insurance) including knowledge of potential sources of market failures, roles for regulatory agencies, informational asymmetry and empirical studies
masters in health economics canada
Masters of Arts in Economics – Health Economics Concentration
The masters program in economics provides a thorough grounding in modern economic analysis. The program blends theory and quantitative methods.
Canadian students are expected to have an honours BA in economics, including the advanced microeconomics and macroeconomics courses (that is, one course in each beyond the full-year intermediate courses) and some econometrics. The university requires students to have maintained a B+ average in the final two years of their undergraduate programs, but it practice, students with less than an A- average are seldom admitted.
Students from foreign universities are expected to have equivalent backgrounds. Although equivalency is difficult to determine, here are some guidelines for a few countries:
India: First class standing in the bachelors degree and upper second class standing in the masters degree.
Bangladesh and Pakistan: First class standing in both the bachelors and masters degrees.
China: A four-year degree with an average of at least 85%. The subject area should be economics, not business. Strong skills in both mathematics and statistics/econometrics are expected.
Students concentrating in health economics are required to take two graduate courses in health economics
For more detailed information regarding general program requirements and features, please see: http://www.mcmaster.ca/economics/grad/admission_requirements.cfm
This program is appropriate for individuals who are seriously contemplating continuing on for doctoral studies in economics.
Master of Arts in Economic Policy – Health Economics Concentration
The program is designed to develop economists with a solid knowledge of economics, skill in using economic ideas and methods, and a strong policy orientation. The objective is to provide students with graduate-level economics training that has clear policy application. The program differs from a typical masters in economics program in that it provides more experience applying analytical tools to policy problems, greater emphasis on the institutional features and policies of relevant sectors of the Canadian economy, an understanding of the strengths and weakness of alternative policy evaluation methods, more interaction with policy-makers, and more emphasis on writing and presenting policy analyses. The program will differ from public policy programs by emphasizing relevant graduate-level economics training.
Applicants will normally be required to have an honours bachelors degree in economics or its equivalent. However, the program will also be open to students who do not have an economics major but who have sufficient training in economics and statistics (for example, students with a minor in economics).
Students concentrating in health economics are required to take two graduate courses in health economics and undertake the required policy project in the area of health economics.
For more detailed information regarding general program requirements and features, please see: http://www.mcmaster.ca/economics/grad/ma_econ_pol.cfm
This program is appropriate for those who seek a terminal masters degree that prepares them for work in the public service, industry or other relevant research and policy organizations.
Master of Science in Health Research Methodology – Health Technology Assessment or Health Services Research Fields
The M.Sc. Program in Health Research Methodology is designed to provide the opportunity for advanced education and research in research methodology used to understand and improve the effectiveness of health care and its delivery, the health of the population and health professions education. The program is divided into two admissions streams: Health Professionals (Stream I), and Background in Health, Social, or Biological Sciences (Stream II). Stream II students often come from backgrounds in health, social or biological sciences. The training received by these students is intended to provide the skills necessary for them to function as researchers in the health care system.
Applicants must have completed a four-year honours university degree with a B+ average (75-79% equivalent to a McMaster 8.5 grade point average) in the final year. Meeting the minimum requirement does not guarantee admission. Prior training in mathematics, statistics or the biological sciences is not a prerequisite. Students with background in health studies, kinesiology, health economics and other social sciences are encouraged to apply. Applicants with previous experience in health-related research settings tend to have an advantage over other applicants.
Students specializing in the field of health technology assessment are required to take . . . Students specializing in the field of health services research are required to take . .
For more details regarding the program please see: http://www.fhs.mcmaster.ca/grad/hrm/msc/admiss.htm
This program is appropriate for those who seek interdisciplinary training in health research with an opportunity to concentrate in health technology assessment or health services research.
Masters in Business Administration – Health Services Management Stream
The Health Services Management (HSM) Specialization at McMaster is the only MBA program of its type in Canada. It combines expertise found in McMaster University’s renowned Faculty of Health Sciences and the Michael G. DeGroote School of Business with hands-on training gained through work experience in health care organizations. The competent professional health services manager is a critical element in the framework of effective and efficient delivery of health services. Such individuals need solid management grounding in the fundamentals of planning, operations, and evaluation as well as a broad orientation to the realities and inherent growth potentials of our health system.
This program produces graduates who have the specific capabilities which the health industry is seeking and who have developed their networking skills to take advantage of the new opportunities being generated in this challenging and rapidly changing field.
The underlying assumption of this stream is that it will produce a unique graduate with accelerated capabilities in the health services field. This solid MBA training includes selected graduate courses from the health sciences and is coupled with a range of work term experiences in the health sector designed with specific educational objectives.
Students in the HSM specialization are required to take at least one course each in health economics and health policy analysis, and depending on their interests and background, can expand this aspect of their training.
For more information regarding the HSM stream within the MBA program, see:
phd health economics usa
PhD in Economics – Health Economics Field
The PhD in economics with a specialization in health economics provides advanced training in economics designed to produce economists capable of original, innovative contributions to the field health economics. A student in the doctoral program must successfully complete three sets of requirements: coursework, comprehensive exams, and thesis. These stages should be completed in 4-5 years.
A doctoral candidate must complete the micro- and macro-economic theory sequence, econometrics requirements, and eight one-term electives. The electives must be chosen so that the student satisfies the coursework requirements for the health economics field:
A doctoral candidate must also pass comprehensive exams in microeconomic theory, macroeconomic theory and two fields. In addition to health economics, the available fields are: Econometrics, Economic planning and development, Growth and Monetary Economics, International economics, Labour economics, Population economics, Public economics
The theory comprehensives are normally written after the first year of coursework; the field exams are normally written at the end of the second year of coursework. The comprehensive exams must all be completed within two years of a student’s admission to the program.
Students are given wide latitude in their choice of thesis topic, but each topic must be approved by a supervisory committee consisting of three faculty members. Students who have reached the thesis stage of their program must attend the graduate students’ workshop and give several presentations on their research. Once a thesis has been submitted, the student must defend his work at an oral examination.
For additional information, see: http://www.mcmaster.ca/economics/grad/phd_ma_econ.cfm
PhD in Health Research Methodology – Health Technology Assessment Field
The main objective of the HRM doctoral level program is to provide students with a broad perspective and advanced skills for in-depth exploration in focused areas of research methodology, and to prepare students with a capacity for independent scholarly work in health care research or population health. Specific objectives include:
to undertake scholarly enquiry of the theoretical bases for the design of studies, measurement of health care and health status, and analysis and interpretation of the data derived from such studies
to make original contributions to knowledge in the development of new methods or techniques of design, measurement or analysis which can be used in the evaluation of health and health care at the level of the individual, group, program, community, and population
to advance existing methods or techniques applied to health care research or health care problems in a unique way
to prepare students to contribute to the solution of problems in the Canadian health care system
Those specializing in Health Technology Assessment (HTA) focus their training on the evaluation of the clinical effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, and broader impact of drugs, medical technologies, and health systems, both on patient health and the health care system. The goal of the HTA field specialization is to train individuals who, upon graduation, will have acquired sufficient skills to be actively involved in independent and collaborative research in the field of HTA. Graduates will be expected to:
• acquire a strong foundation in the basic principles of HTA
• develop skills in advanced decision analysis
• apply research methods derived from health economics
• understand and use basic and advanced biostatistics
• utilize health services research and health policy analysis concepts and methods.
HTA students will be expected to collaborate with one of the many research groups conducting HTA at McMaster University.
phd health economics distance learning
The PhD in Health Economics and Policy meets the needs of those wishing to gain a deep and critical insight into health economics theory, research and practice and to develop or enhance research skills whilst fulfilling their existing responsibilities. The programme is offered part-time and combines innovative distance learning with face-to-face teaching at an annual autumn Academy held in Lancaster.
The programme is suitable for both UK-based and international students working in healthcare settings, pharmaceutical companies, international organisations, local and central government, consultancies, education or research.
This part-time, flexible doctorate runs over a minimum of four and a maximum of seven years. The programme begins with a compulsory five-day Induction Academy in Lancaster. Each of the subsequent academic years start with a compulsory three-day autumn Academy, while the rest of the course is delivered via e-learning. Attendance at the annual Academies is compulsory until students have been confirmed on the PhD programme.
Years 1 and 2 consist of taught modules delivered online that consolidate students’ knowledge of health economics and policy and develop their research skills. In Year 1 students take two specialist modules that cover the theory and practice of health economics and policy as well as a module on data analysis. Year 2 modules may include: Systematic Reviews, Research Philosophy, Research Design and Practical Research Ethics.
From Year 3 onwards, students undertake an independent research study, which will conclude with the submission of a thesis that makes an original contribution to knowledge. The research project will be supervised from the University but undertaken in students’ own location or workplace. Supervision meetings take place using video conferencing software such as Skype. During the annual autumn Academy students meet with supervisors face to face.
The Health Economics at Lancaster (HEAL) team has expertise in health economics, health policy and economic evaluation. This expertise is being complemented by the expertise existing in the Economics department at Lancaster University Management School (LUMS).
- Division of Health Research
- Email us
- +44 (0)1524 592032
2:1 Hons degree (UK or equivalent) in economics, or other relevant discipline with a significant quantitative content such as statistics, pharmacy, medicine and management.
We may also consider non-standard applicants, please contact us for information.
If you have studied outside of the UK, we would advise you to check our list of international qualifications before submitting your application.
As part of your application you will also need to provide a 500 word research proposal. Guidance for writing a research proposal can be found here.
English Language Requirements
We may ask you to provide a recognised English language qualification, dependent upon your nationality and where you have studied previously.
We normally require an IELTS (Academic) Test with an overall score of at least 6.5, and a minimum of 6.0 in each element of the test. We also consider other English language qualifications.
Contact: Admissions Team +44 (0) 1524 592032 or email [email protected]
Fees and Funding
|Part Time (per year)|
Scholarships and bursaries
At Lancaster, we believe that funding concerns should not stop any student with the talent to thrive.
We offer a range of scholarships and bursaries to help cover the cost of tuition fees and/or living expenses.
Pharmacoeconomics Courses In Canada
More than ever, Pharmacoeconomics has become an important subject within the Healthcare Industry. Various payors are requiring pharmacoeconomic studies to determine whether they will be listing new products on formularies. Whether you are a Sales Representative, a specialist in Access or you are working in Regulatory Affairs or Public Affairs, Pharmacoeconomics is playing an ever increasing importance to you and your customers. Advanced Pharmacoeconomics is a stand-alone course that builds on CCPE’s Basic Pharmacoeconomics course. The Advanced Pharmacoeconomics course provides a more in-depth review of the principles for those who aspire to a greater knowledge in how pharmacoeconomic studies are conducted, interpreted and used to make policy and clinical decisions. As such, Basic Pharmacoeconomics is a mandatory pre-requisite for CCPE’s Advanced Pharmacoeconomics course. Students who registered in CCPE’s Pharmacoeconomics course up to November 2016 are eligible to separately take Basic Pharmacoeconomics and Advanced Pharmacoeconomics as a way to re-train in this area. Two additional courses will appear on your CCPE transcript.
After completing the course, students will be able to:
- Discuss advanced concepts in cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analyses
- Draw decision trees and perform the calculations involved in decision analysis
- Discuss Markov Modeling
- Describe how to create, read and assess pharmacoeconomic studies
- 50 multiple choice questions
- CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO ADVANCED PHARMACOECONOMICS AND REVIEW OF BASIC PHARMACOECONOMICS4
- Describe the basics of measuring & estimating health care costs and outcomes
- Discuss the difference in information provided between pharmacoeconomic methods: Cost-minimization analysis, cost-effectiveness analysis, cost-utility analysis, and cost-benefit analysis
- Discuss the basis of acquiring pharmacoeconomic data
- Prepare for a greater understanding of pharmacoeconomic method through seeing them applied in decision-making and real-life practice
- CHAPTER 2: ADVANCED CONCEPTS IN COST-EFFECTIVENESS AND COST-UTILITY ANALYSES5
- Discuss the presence of uncertainty when conducting pharmacoeconomic studies, and methods to account for uncertainty
- Understand the purpose and be able to interpret a cost-effectiveness acceptability curve
- Explain the terms efficiency frontier and extended dominance
- Define health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and explain its significance in pharmacoeconomic studies
- List the two different measures to evaluate HRQoL, and provide examples of these measures
- CHAPTER 3: DECISION ANALYSIS5
- Discuss the use and importance of decision analysis in Pharmacoeconomics
- List seven steps used in decision analysis
- Be able to draw a decision tree
- Be able to perform the calculations involved in a decision analysis
- Describe the purposes of a sensitivity analysis
- CHAPTER 4: MARKOV MODELLING6
- Discuss the use and importance of Markov modeling in Pharmacoeconomics
- List five steps used in Markov modeling
- Be able to draw a Markov model
- Be able to interpret a Markov model
- Discuss the advantages and limitations of modeling
- Be able to conduct a sensitivity analysis