Mechanical Engineering University

Last Updated on December 24, 2022

Collegelearners.com reviews mechanical engineering degrees and careers with details you need to make the right decision. If you are considering college or university programs, then read about the many honors, degrees, and career choices that mechanical engineers have.

What do Mechanical Engineers do? If you plan to become a Mechanical Engineer in the future and want to know more about it, read on!

A vocational education program which is known as Mechanical engineering university has gradually emerged as the most popular choice among young students aspiring for a career in mechanical industry. Here are some of the info you will find essential to pick the best Mechanical engineering university

The article below brings you one of the best information around on Mechanical Engineering University. All you’ve got to do is keep reading to find out more. What’s more, the information is free!

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Mechanical Engineering University

Everything About Mechanical

Here are the best mechanical engineering schools

  • Georgia Institute of Technology.
  • Stanford University.
  • University of California–Berkeley.
  • California Institute of Technology.
  • University of Michigan–Ann Arbor.
  • University of Illinois–Urbana-Champaign.
  • Purdue University–West Lafayette.
  • Carnegie Mellon University.

What do mechanical engineering degrees cover?

As the list above should indicate, mechanical engineering degrees offer a wide range of specializations to choose from, with diverse opportunities to contribute to the next stage in the development of modern technology. At undergraduate level, students will start with an introduction to key mechanical engineering topics, such as statics and dynamics, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, stress analysis, mechanical design and technical drawing. As the course progresses, there should be more opportunities to specialize in a particular field within which mechanical engineering skills are applied, such as vehicle design, robotics, nanotechnology or energy.

There’s a lot of overlap between mechanical engineering topics and other engineering fields, particularly civil and structural engineering, electrical engineering and aeronautical engineering.

Entry requirements for mechanical engineering degrees

Entry requirements will vary between different institutions. However, all universities will expect those applying for mechanical engineering degrees to have a strong academic background in mathematics and physics, with other sciences such as chemistry also beneficial. If you don’t have the necessary grades, some universities offer the option to take a foundation year, which aims to provide you with the knowledge you need in order to commence a bachelor’s degree.

Course structure and assessment methods

Mechanical engineering degrees usually last for three or four years at undergraduate level and one or two at master’s level. Graduates receive a BEng or a MEng qualification upon completion of their studies. Teaching will typically consist of lectures and seminars, with compulsory introductory courses covered during the first part of the degree, followed by opportunities to select a specialization and undertake independent or group project work. Assessment is likely to be via a combination of written exams, presentations and research projects.

Key Skills

Common skills gained from a mechanical engineering degree include:

  • Technical expertise
  • Analytical and problem-solving skills
  • Very strong numeracy
  • Data analysis
  • General IT skills
  • Self-management, including planning and meeting deadlines
  • Professional communication, spoken and written
  • Teamwork
  • Creativity and integrated problem-solving
  • Computing and enterprise
  • Awareness of relevant contexts, including business and environmental issues

types of mechanical engineering

Here, then, is the first in our series of articles on engineering degrees. This one focuses on the many types of mechanical engineering, a field that dates back at least as far as the invention of the wheel.

Acoustical Engineering

Sound is vibration; vibration is sound… and that’s probably why the overarching field of mechanical engineering claims acoustical engineering as its own. The goals of this field include noise and vibration control, though the design of objects such as hearing protectors, noise buffers, and sound barriers; fidelity enhancement, through the design of vessels such as announcement systems and concert halls; and the use of ultrasonic frequencies, through applications such as medicine, sonar and nondestructive testing. Machine recognition and synthesis of speech is another important area for acoustical engineering. Acoustic engineers frequently start with undergrad studies in mechanical engineering, before moving onto specialize in the field via graduate study. The Acoustical Society of America (ASU) is an international organization; it got its start at the Bell Telephone Laboratories in the late 1920s.

Aerospace Engineering

So you want to be a rocket scientist? Two overlapping branches comprise this field, which is concerned with the development of aircraft (aeronautical engineering) and spacecraft (astronautical engineering). Because of the complexity involved, aerospace engineers generally work in multidisciplinary teams comprised of specialists in aerodynamics, avionics, manufacturing, materials science, propulsion and structural analysis. There are numerous schools for studying aerospace engineering. Based on peer assessment studies, U.S. News & World Report identifies the Top 5 schools (among those where a doctorate is the highest degree offered) as MIT, Georgia Tech, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, Stanford and Caltech. A main resource for the field is the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), which serves as the U.S. representative for the International Astronautical Federation (IAF), based in Paris.

Automotive Engineering

Baby, you can drive my car. One of three branches of vehicle engineering (along with aerospace and marine engineering), this field focuses on the production, development and manufacture of all types of road vehicles. Specializations include automotive electronics, fuel economy, quality management and safety engineering. In the U.S., very few universities and colleges offer bachelor’s degrees in automotive engineering; interested students often study mechanical engineering before narrowing their concentration through graduate-level study. A top resource for the field is SAE International, formerly known as the Society of Automotive Engineers.

Ship ahoy! This field concerns itself with the development, design, operation and maintenance of all types of water-based craft. It includes oceanographic engineering, which works with the physical and biological aspects of the ocean; and offshore engineering, which involves the design of structures such as offshore wind farms and oil platforms. Marine engineering programs are often found at schools with nearby bodies of water, such as the University of New Orleans (UNO), as well as government-run schools such as the United States Merchant Marine Academy (USMMA). A top resource for professionals in the field is the Society for Naval Architects and Marine Engineers (SNAME).

Mechanical Engineering

And then, of course, there’s plain old mechanical engineering itself — but it’s a broad and diverse field with nothing plain about it. One of the oldest of all the engineering disciplines, it focuses on mechanical systems — their design, analysis, manufacture and maintenance. The field encompasses many core areas including thermodynamics, materials science, structural analysis and more. Mechanical engineering touches everything from factories and industrial equipment to heating and cooling systems to weaponry, and just about any type of machinery you can think of. Degrees in mechanical engineering are offered throughout the world; in the U.S., most programs fall under the auspices of the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET); for four-year degrees alone, 318 programs are currently listed. There are several professional resources that serve the field as well, including the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) in New York and the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE) in London; both are international organizations with members throughout the world.

Mechatronic system. Source: CC BY-SA 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons.Mechatronic Engineering

Mecha-what? Japanese engineer Tetsuro Mori coined the term “mechatronics” in 1969 to describe a hybrid approach to mechanics and electronics. This is an evolving field that revolves around the design and manufacture of intelligent systems built to streamline processes, such as industrial robots, machine vision systems and many of the “smart” devices that have transformed a wide variety of industries. The internet of things (IoT) will be largely comprised of mechatronic components. At present, the number of colleges and universities offering degrees in mechatronic engineering is small, but interested students often complete mechanical engineering studies with a leaning toward robotics and automation. Several schools also have labs for mechatronic research.

Railway Engineering

The first time most kids hear the term “engineer,” they probably think of the person who runs a train. Well, turns out they’re not so far off when it comes to this field, which deals with the design, construction and operation of all types of rail transport systems. The history of rail technology goes back further than many of the other transportation engineering disciplines, but that doesn’t make it any less essential. Freight rail, in particular, continues to catalyze economic development, along with easing highway congestion, saving energy and reducing carbon emissions. According to Progressive Railroading, a growing number of colleges and universities are offering electives in rail-related studies; there is also Penn State Altoona, which offers a four-year undergraduate degree. The Association of American Railroads (AAR) serves as a strong resource about the state of the industry and its technology.

mechanical engineering university courses

Mechanical engineers have an enormous range of opportunity and their education mirrors this breadth of subjects. Students concentrate on one area while strengthening analytical and problem-solving skills applicable to any engineering situation.

Disciplines within mechanical engineering include but are not limited to:

  • Acoustics
  • Aerospace
  • Automation
  • Automotive
  • Autonomous Systems
  • Biotechnology
  • Composites
  • Computer Aided Design (CAD)
  • Control Systems
  • Cyber security
  • Design
  • Energy
  • Ergonomics
  • Human health
  • Manufacturing and additive manufacturing
  • Mechanics
  • Nanotechnology
  • Production planning
  • Robotics
  • Structural analysis

Technology itself has also shaped how mechanical engineers work and the suite of tools has grown quite powerful in recent decades. Computer-aided engineering (CAE) is an umbrella term that covers everything from typical CAD techniques to computer-aided manufacturing to computer-aided engineering, involving finite element analysis (FEA) and computational fluid dynamics (CFD). These tools and others have further broadened the horizons of mechanical engineering.

mechanical engineering entry requirements

Overview

Mechanical Engineering is the most versatile of the engineering disciplines and there exists a high and growing demand from industry for graduate Mechanical Engineers.

Our accredited degree will place you at the heart of modern industry, providing career opportunities in sectors such as:

  • Aerospace, automotive and rail
  • Energy and power generation
  • Manufacturing engineering; product design, materials, production and processing.

You’ll combine mechanics, materials science, thermofluids and computational methods to design, analyse and implement complex systems which are economic, reliable, efficient and sustainable.

Throughout the degree you’ll put theory into practice through a range of individual and group projects. For instance, year 1 will see you take part in three projects using your skills to design, build and test real mechanical devices.

You will have the opportunity to participate in the Formula Student competition, working with other students to design and build a single-seater racing car.

A ‘sandwich’ placement year in industry enables you to build industry contacts while developing your skills and professional confidence.

On graduation you will be industry ready, with a grounding in engineering science and hands-on working knowledge of:

  • the core analytical and advanced scientific principles and methods underpinning mechanical engineering
  • applied prototyping and analysis for efficient computer-aided design and manufacturing;
  • integrated skills for complex engineered systems, including communication and project management skills, as well as advanced model based systems analysis tools and techniques.

We encourage and support all our students towards a seamless transfer to our MEng programme at the end of either the first or second year. The MEng programme comprises an extra fourth academic year that combines in-depth study with the integrative skills expected by industry, and provides the formal educational requirements for CEng registration.

Our BEng in Mechanical Engineering received 91% overall satisfaction in the National Student Survey 2021.

Programme options

We also offer a 3-year version of the BEng programme without the ‘sandwich’ placement year in industry.

You may also be interested in our MEng Mechanical programmes. We offer a 4-year version of the MEng and a 5-year version with sandwich year. These programmes give you a Master’s level degree on graduation, with the additional year enabling further study of the technical and managerial aspects of mechanical engineering.

Entry requirements

Typical offer – 112 UCAS tariff points.

We take into consideration a number of factors when assessing your application. It’s not just about your grades; we take the time to understand your personal circumstances and make decisions based on your potential to thrive at university and beyond.

A levels

BBC, to include A level Maths minimum grade C.

BTEC Extended Diploma

DMM.

BTEC Level 3 (2010-2016): Must be an Engineering subject – to include Further Mathematics for Engineering Technicians (Unit 28) at minimum Merit OR Construction and the Built Environment – to include Further Mathematics in Construction and the Built Environment (Unit 19) at minimum Merit.

BTEC Nationals Level 3 (from 2016): Must be an Engineering subject – to include ‘Calculus to Solve Engineering Problems’ (Unit 7) and ‘Further Engineering Mathematics’ (Unit 8) at minimum Merit.

Applicants on Access Programmes

112 UCAS tariff points from an Access to Higher Education Diploma in Engineering or Science and Engineering – must contain a minimum of 12 credits in Maths at minimum Merit.

International Baccalaureate requirements

112 UCAS tariff points to include HL Maths at grade 5.

Plus HL 3 or SL 4 in English Language and Literature A or English B.

Plus minimum of

GCSE English and Mathematics at grade C or 4 (equivalents accepted).

English language requirements

Minimum IELTS at 6.0 or the equivalent.

If you do not meet the IELTS requirement, you can take a University of Bradford pre-sessional English course. 

Foundation entry requirements

If you are an International student and do not meet the entry requirements for direct entry onto this course you may be interested in our International College.

Progression requirements for degree programme

An overall average of at least 55%, and at least 55% in Foundation Mathematics 2.

Advanced entry

If you are currently studying at another university and would like to transfer to the University of Bradford, this course accepts students into the second or third year. This is called advanced entry

Applications for advanced entry will be considered on a case-by-case basis and must include an official transcript (not a screenshot of a portal), all module descriptors, and relevant qualifications. Module descriptors must include learning outcomes.

Applications must be submitted through UCAS and the required documents emailed along with your UCAS Personal ID no later than 31 August prior to the course starting in September. Relevant documents should be emailed to [email protected]

mechanical engineering requirements

A levels – Entry requirements range from CCC to A*AA, with the universities and colleges most commonly asking for AAB.

Scottish Highers – Entry requirements for Highers (the most common qualification) range from ABBB to AAAAB, with universities or colleges most frequently requiring AABBB. Occasionally, universities ask for Advanced Highers to supplement Highers. If Advanced Highers are requested, universities or colleges typically ask for AA.

Vocational courses – Other Level 3/Level 6 qualifications (e.g. Pearson BTEC Level 3 National Extended Diploma, or an SCQF Level 6) may be accepted as an alternative to A levels/Highers by some providers. It’s essential that you check alternative entry requirements with universities or colleges.

what do mechanical engineers do

Mechanical engineering is one of the oldest and most diverse of the engineering disciplines. It is the branch of engineering that involves the design, production, and operation of machinery by applying physics, engineering, mathematics, and materials science principles.

Mechanical engineering is seen in areas such as composites, mechatronics, and nanotechnology, and often overlaps with manufacturing engineering, metallurgical engineering, civil engineering, aerospace engineering, electrical engineering, chemical engineering, industrial engineering, and other engineering disciplines to varying amounts.

In order to design and manufacture mechanical systems, mechanical engineers need to have a deep understanding of mechanics, dynamics, thermodynamics, electricity, and structural analysis. They also need to be able to use computers, CAD (computer-aided design), and CAM (computer-aided manufacturing) to produce and analyze their designs, as well as to monitor the quality of products.

Mechanical engineers typically do the following:
– Analyze problems to see how a mechanical device might help solve the problem
– Design or redesign mechanical devices, creating blueprints so the device can be built
– Develop a prototype of the device and test the prototype
– Analyze the test results and change the design as needed
– Oversee the manufacturing process

Mechanical engineers use many types of tools, engines, and machines, such as:
– Electric generators, internal combustion engines, and steam and gas turbines
– Power-using machines, such as refrigeration and air-conditioning
– Industrial production equipment, including robots used in manufacturing
– Other machines inside buildings, such as elevators and escalators
– Machine tools and tools for other engineers
– Material-handling systems, such as conveyor systems and automated transfer stations

The following are examples of different types of mechanical engineers:

Automotive Research Engineers
Automotive research engineers try to improve the performance of cars by working to improve traditional features of cars such as suspension, and work on aerodynamics and new possible fuels. Automotive research engineers focus on the development of passenger cars, trucks, buses, motorcycles or off-road vehicles. They design new products, modify existing ones, troubleshoot, and solve engineering problems.

Heating and Cooling Systems Engineers
Heat engineering, also known as heat transfer or thermal sciences, is an academic specialty of mechanical engineering. Heating and cooling systems engineers develop environmental systems (systems that keep temperatures and humidity within certain limits) for airplanes, trains, cars, computer rooms, and schools. They design test control apparatus as well as equipment, and develop procedures for testing products. They also calculate energy losses for buildings, using equipment such as computers, combustion analyzers, or pressure gauges.

Robotics Engineers
A robotics engineer is a behind-the-scenes designer, who is responsible for creating robots and robotic systems that are able to perform duties that humans are either unable or prefer not to complete.

Robotics engineers will spend the majority of their time designing the plans needed to build robots, and will also design the processes necessary for the robot to run correctly. Through their creations, a robotics engineer helps to make jobs safer, easier, and more efficient, particularly in the manufacturing industry.

Materials Engineers
Materials engineers attempt to solve problems in several different engineering fields, such as mechanical, chemical, electrical, civil, nuclear, and aerospace. They do this by developing, processing, and testing materials in order to create new materials that meet certain mechanical, electrical, and chemical requirements.

Materials engineers study the chemical properties, structures, and mechanical uses of plastics, metals, nanomaterials (extremely small substances), ceramics, and composites according to the place of usage.

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