Last Updated on August 30, 2023
A career in building technology as a construction worker can be learned through obtaining certificates from community colleges or trade schools and on-the-job training or an apprenticeship. Architects and civil engineers also work in the building technology industry, and are required to have a bachelor’s degree in their field. Architects and civil engineers must also be licensed.
Learn more about careers in the building technology field. This list of jobs provides information about what each job is, common duties, education and training requirements, advancement opportunities, and salary expectations.
list of careers in construction
When considering a career in construction, it is helpful to know what type of jobs are available and what each job does.
The construction industry focuses on the ideation, creation and maintenance of residential, commercial and industrial buildings. They also work on creating and maintaining structures such as roads, bridges and utility systems. While many people may think of the construction industry only as it relates to new construction, professionals within this industry may also work on projects involving additions, remodels, repairs and maintenance of existing buildings and structures.
The following list discusses the primary job duties and salary insights for 20 different career paths within the construction industry:
1. Construction worker
National average salary: $15.53 per hour
Primary duties: Construction workers perform the primary physical work most people associate with construction such as clearing, digging and building. Their duties include manual labor such as transporting supplies and materials to the job site, preparing the job site, testing and operating machinery and equipment, measuring and cutting building materials to exact specifications and using various hand tools and mechanical tools. They also read blueprints to understand project requirements and ensure they follow all health and safety policies and procedures on the job site.
2. Construction inspector
National average salary: $34,168 per year
Primary duties: A construction inspector is an employee of the local government who visits job sites and inspects the work being performed to ensure all buildings and structures comply with contract specifications, zoning regulations, building codes and ordinances and safety regulations.
3. Flooring installer
National average salary: $16.79 per hour
Primary duties: Flooring installers lay and finish the floors inside buildings according to project specifications. They work with various flooring types including wood, carpet, tile, laminate, linoleum and vinyl.
National average salary: $16.79 per hour
Primary duties: A surveyor visits potential job sites before construction begins to inspect the site and measure and record data about the site’s location, elevation and contour. They then use this information to compare their data to existing records, draw and update boundary lines, determine locations for buildings and structures and outline the project’s foundation requirements. Surveyors also present their findings to government agencies and other clients.
National average salary: $19.36 per hour
Primary duties: A glazier cuts and installs glass for windows, skylights, storefronts and display cases. They use project specifications to cut the glass to the required size, shape and thickness. Glaziers also remove old or broken glass before installing the new glass and add weather seal around the edges of the glass after installation.
6. Tile setter
National average salary: $20.56 per hour
Primary duties: Tile setters cut and install tiles on floors, walls and ceilings in residential and commercial buildings. They also prepare the surfaces they work with and use care to lay each tile evenly before applying grout and sealing the tile.
7. Brick mason
National average salary: $20.69 per hour
Primary duties: Brick masons create and build walls, fireplaces, patios, walkways, fences, decorative trims and other structures using bricks, concrete blocks and man-made stones. They also cut or break each brick or stone to the correct size and shape and mix and apply the grout to finish the structure.
National average salary: $43,816 per year
Primary duties: Roofers install and repair roofs on residential and commercial buildings. They also inspect and maintain roofs on buildings to maximize the durability of the roof.
9. Concrete finisher
National average salary: $45,268 per year
Primary duties: Concrete finishers follow the trucks that pour cement to ensure the cement is smooth and level. They correct high spots, fill depressions, finish the corners and wash away the excess cement.
National average salary: $47,717 per year
Primary duties: Ironworkers use iron and steel to help build commercial, industrial and public structures such as roads, bridges and large buildings. They work with crane operators by moving the iron or steel into the right space by hand and then signal the crane operators to lift and position it into the right placement. Ironworkers need to know how to read blueprints and sketches to ensure they follow the correct project specifications.
11. Crane operator
National average salary: $49,421 per year
Primary duties: Crane operators use various types of crane machinery to move heavy or large materials from one place to another and to position the materials in very high or low spaces. They work alongside other construction professionals who guide their work from the ground by using hand signals and radios for voice commands. Crane operators also inspect cranes and their hydraulic systems before operating them, make minor repairs when needed and record the materials they move in logs.
National average salary: $52,087 per year
Primary duties: Plumbers install, maintain and repair the pipes and fixtures that make up the plumbing systems in residential and commercial buildings. They inspect fixtures such as sinks, showers, toilets, garbage disposals and sewage lines to ensure they work properly and make repairs and recommendations when needed.
National average salary: $55,678 per year
Primary duties: Carpenters use a variety of materials such as drywall, wood and fiberglass to build, remodel, install and repair frameworks and structures such as doorframes, counters, cabinetry, rafters, partitions, molding and stairways in residential, commercial or industrial buildings.
They need to know how to read blueprints and building plans, prepare drawings and drafts of their plans for their client to review and how to correctly measure, cut and shape the materials they work with. Carpenters may also use cranes or rigging hardware to install or level framework.
National average salary: $56,124 per year
Primary duties: Painters prepare surfaces in residential and commercial buildings that need paint and then mix and apply the paint to the surface. Preparing surfaces for paint involves cleaning, repairing holes, removing chipped or cracked paint already on the surface and taping off areas as needed. They also cover and protect objects such as flooring, furniture, lighting fixtures, electronics, windows and doors near the painting area before they paint and uncover, remove tape and clean their work area when they finish painting.
National average salary: $58,409 per year
Primary duties: Electricians install, maintain and repair electrical systems and wiring in residential and commercial buildings. They also make sure all electrical systems and wiring works correctly and finds and repairs the source of an issue in broken electrical systems.
National average salary: $70,221 per year
Primary duties: Pipefitters manipulate metals into the correct shape and form, transport pipes to the correct location and install them in residential and commercial buildings. They use a variety of techniques such as welding, cutting, soldering, grinding, rigging, bending and threading.
17. Cost estimator
National average salary: $70,284 per year
Primary duties: Cost estimators determine the cost of a potential construction project and communicate expectations for costs and project timelines to their customers. They find the estimated cost of a project by visiting the potential job site and gathering and analyzing data about the costs of material, labor and time needed to complete the project. Cost estimators also make recommendations for how to reduce costs and maintain detailed records comparing actual costs to estimated costs throughout the project.
18. Safety manager
National average salary: $75,248 per year
Primary duties: Safety managers create and implement safety rules, regulations and procedures to minimize the risk of accidents or injuries occurring on the job site. They inspect the worksite each day to ensure the site is safe to enter and work in, conduct routine safety audits to ensure all personnel, materials and equipment are in compliance with government safety regulations, provide safety training sessions, analyze and investigate accident reports and incident inquiries and keep track of incident metrics.
19. Construction manager
National average salary: $81,894 per year
Primary duties: Construction managers, sometimes also called project managers, plan, coordinate and oversee all aspects relating to a construction project. The duties of a construction manager vary based on the size of the project and whether they are working alongside other managers but can include hiring and training all workers and subcontractors, creating project timelines and worker schedules, coordinating daily activities for all workers, negotiating project costs, communicating project progress updates to clients, ensuring everyone on the job site works together as a team and supervising all workers to ensure the project remains compliant, on schedule and within the budget.
20. Civil engineer
National average salary: $83,722 per year
Primary duties: Civil engineers design construction projects and ensure the project’s goals are both achievable and feasible. They do this by analyzing budget requirements, reviewing design practicality, evaluating the project’s environmental impact and sustainability and ensuring the project meets all health and safety regulations and legal requirements. Civil engineers are also responsible for identifying and resolving any issues that occur during the design and development phase.
List of Careers in Building Technology
Building technology is a vast industry that offers an assortment of career opportunities with varying degrees of training and education requirements. These careers are best suited for people who have an interest in construction, architecture, design and engineering.
|Career||Construction Worker||Architect||Civil Engineer|
|Education Requirements||Certification and vocational programs are available||Bachelor’s degree||Bachelor’s degree|
|Other Requirements||On-the-job training; apprenticeships are available||Training program, an apprenticeship and licensure||Licensure typically required|
|Projected Job Growth (2019-2029)*||5%||1%||2%|
|Average Salary (2020)*||$43,000||$89,470||$95,440|
There are various career options to choose from in the field of building technology. Many professionals with training are employed as construction workers, while others with more advanced education in this fieldwork as architects and engineers.
The construction industry offers a variety of occupational options. Most employees in this industry are construction trade workers, such as carpet installers, cement pavers, stonemasons and drywall installers. Other construction employees include mechanical and installation workers, such as elevator, heating and air-conditioning professionals. Managerial positions of varying levels of responsibility are also available in this industry. Project managers, for example, oversee other supervisors and consult with architects’ plans to ensure that every phase of a project is completed on schedule and to specifications.
Construction Worker Requirements
Prospective construction workers can begin their careers by earning certificates in building technology through trade schools or community colleges. Such certificate programs typically take one year to complete and train students in the technical aspects of the construction process. Curricula may focus on electricity, blueprint reading, flooring, roofing and carpentry. Construction workers who specialize in a particular aspect of construction usually obtain more advanced training through apprenticeships or similar training programs.
With experience and undergraduate education, construction workers can advance to managerial positions. Bachelor’s degree programs in construction science prepare students for the construction, architecture and business aspects of construction supervising. Courses may include building materials, construction equipment, project planning, cost estimating and management.
Employment Outlook and Salary Information
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) predicted construction laborers would see employment opportunities increase from 2019 until 2029 at a rate of 5%. The average annual salary for these workers was $43,000 as of May 2020, the BLS said.
Architects use engineering skills, construction knowledge and artistry to design building structures. During the design process, they must take into account a variety of factors, such as building codes, construction costs and the practical functionally of structures. They participate in the entire building development process and coordinate with numerous professionals, such as construction workers, engineers, urban planners and clients.
Architect requirements vary by state; however, there are three general steps for entering the architectural occupation. First, candidates must earn at least a bachelor’s degree in architecture from an educational program accredited by the National Architectural Accrediting Board. Bachelor of Architecture programs usually take five years to complete and are offered by universities, colleges and architecture schools. Courses may include building systems, structural design, site planning, architectural theory and a design project.
Next, graduates of architectural degree programs complete internships or training programs established by the National Council of Architectural Registration Boards. These programs, which are required for architects in all states, usually take three years to complete. Lastly, candidates who complete this extensive training can sit for the Architect Registration Examination and acquire the necessary licensure to serve as an architect.
Employment Outlook and Salary Information
Architects could see employment growth rates of 1% during the 2019 to 2029 decade, the BLS reported. Their average salary was $89,470, the BLS reported in May 2020.
Civil engineers design, coordinate and supervise the construction of buildings and other structures. They must consider a variety of factors in the design and building process, such as construction costs, government regulations and safety hazards. While some engineers spend most of their time in offices, others travel to construction sites to oversee the building process. Many civil engineers work as supervisors or administrators of construction sites.
Civil Engineer Requirements
Civil engineers usually enter the field with bachelor’s degrees. Bachelor’s degree programs in civil engineering instruct students in theory and methods of construction and building design. The curricula may focus on fluid mechanics, structural design, construction materials, transportation engineering and systems design. Prospective civil engineers should seek degree programs approved by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET).
Along with formal education, civil engineers are required to obtain licensure to provide the public with architectural services. Candidates can earn licensure through state-approved licensing boards. The National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying provides candidates with licensure in all 50 states. Specific requirements vary in each state; however, licensure applicants are usually required to hold bachelor’s degrees from ABET-accredited degree programs and pass an initial Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam. They must also serve as engineer interns or engineers in training for four years and take a final Principles and Practices of Engineering (PE) exam to obtain licensure.
Employment Outlook and Salary Information
Civil engineers were expected to see an increase in employment opportunities of 2% from 2019 until 2029. These professionals earned an average of $95,440 in May 2020, the BLS found.
Advanced Education in Building Technology
Architects and engineers can continue their educations with advanced degrees in building technology. Some colleges and universities offer master’s and doctorate degree programs in building technology. These programs may be in conjunction with architecture or engineering departments and are intended for students with formal degrees in one of these fields. Building technology graduate degree programs are generally research-oriented and focus on a specialization of the discipline, such as structural systems or lighting and daylighting design.
There are many career options in the building technology industry that vary from focusing on building design to building construction. Construction workers include stonemasons, drywall installers and carpet installers, and these professionals perform the hands-on tasks involved in constructing a building. Architects create the building’s design, while civil engineers focus on the building materials and process of construction as the project develops.
There are various career options to choose from in the field of building technology. Many professionals with training are employed as construction workers, while others with more advanced education in this fieldwork as architects and engineers.
1. Construction Project Manager
Construction project manager jobs come in at the top spot, usually taking home the highest salary in the construction industry with a median salary of $91,370, or $44.89 per hour. There are projected 44,800 jobs in this industry and a large amount of room for growth in the career and increase salary over time. Construction PM’s job responsibilities include planning and overseeing construction projects, as well as budgeting and scheduling to ensure a project is meeting its deadline. Construction project manager jobs are expected to grow at an 11% rate from 2016 to 2026 and typically require a bachelor’s degree in construction management or civil engineering.
2. Elevator Worker
Elevator installers and repairment come in at #2 on the list because of their exceptionally high salary, making an average of $80,870 per year. Their job responsibilities include installing and repairing elevators and escalators. Working as an elevator installer and repairman is considered one of the more challenging jobs in the construction industry because of the significant repercussions of consumer safety. Elevator workers are required to obtain a GED and have an apprenticeship as well as ongoing training during their career, and have an expected 12% growth rate between 2016 and 2026.
Working as an electrician is a desirable job in the construction industry because of the consistency and scope of work. With an average salary of $54,110 and a high potential for salary growth with experience, electricians job responsibilities usually include designing, installing, and maintaining wiring and equipment. To become an electrician, you must become licensed and certified, along with attending technical school for training and a 4-5 year apprenticeship.
4. Civil Engineer
Civil engineers take the 4th spot on our list of top 10 construction technology jobs and work in designing infrastructure projects like roads, tunnels, and bridges. Civils typically spend their time in the office rather than on the job site and require a bachelor’s degree in civil or mechanical engineering. Civil engineers can also go to graduate school to achieve a higher earning potential, although an average civil engineer with a bachelor’s degree makes a median salary of $84,770. Civil engineering is expected to have a growth rate of 11% from 2016 to 2026, making it an appealing up-and-coming job for individuals passionate about construction technology.
A career in solar installation is #6 on our list because of the astronomically high projected growth rate of the solar industry. With a projected growth rate of 105% between 2016 and 2026, it’s easy to see why working in solar is such an attractive job. Solar photovoltaic installers can expect a median salary of $34,490, but this salary can rise significantly once a solar installer has established expertise. Requiring only a 2-year technical school program and an apprenticeship, being a solar photovoltaic installer is a career on the rise.
Being a wind turbine technician is also a career on the rise because of the push for renewable energy and the high projected growth rate of the industry, coming in at a staggering 96% between 2016 and 2026. Wind turbine technicians work to install, maintain, and repair wind turbines. With a median salary of $53,880, technicians are only required to attend a technical school with one year of on the job training. The ratio of individual earnings to needed education and on-the-job training makes being a wind turbine technician a popular choice of late.
Sheet metal workers, sometimes grouped with HVAC technicians, work to adjust heating and cooling systems within a building. Sheet metal workers have a higher than average risk of injury but are paid well because of these risks. With a median salary of $47,990, a career in sheet metal working is considered one of the more exciting and challenging career paths, requiring sharp mechanical and critical thinking skills.
10. Construction Equipment Operators
Coming in at #10 on our list of top construction technology jobs is construction equipment operators, who physically drive and maneuver machinery on the job site. This career is considered appealing because of the high salary compared to its low education requirements, with a median salary of $46,080. With the rise of software to assist these professionals, being a construction equipment operator is becoming a more manageable job, and the work is becoming more efficient. Construction equipment operators are required to have a GED and can either opt for vocational training or learning on the job.
construction technology careers
Technological improvements benefit a wide range of employment in the construction industry. Many of these positions, known as construction technology jobs, rely on technology to help them expedite their construction processes. If you enjoy both construction labor and technology, a career in this industry could be a good fit for you. In this article, we’ll look at 20 construction technology professions you could be interested in.
If you are interested in the construction technology field, you may consider learning more about its potential career options. Here are 20 jobs you can pursue:
1. Construction laborer
National average salary: $39,252 per year
Primary duties: A construction laborer is responsible for performing work on a construction site. This role represents a diverse workforce that comprises professionals with a variety of skills and specializations. Their responsibilities include preparing construction sites, transporting building materials, operating equipment, removing debris and creating scaffolding platforms. A construction workers’ responsibilities and duties vary based on the type of project they’re working on and their capabilities.
2. Building inspector
National average salary: $44,779 per year
Primary duties: A building inspector is responsible for inspecting buildings and construction projects to determine their structural integrity. These professionals follow strict safety guidelines and ensure compliance with building codes and zoning regulations, identifying whether structures meet relevant standards or need repairs and maintenance. Building inspectors can use innovative tools to support their duties, such as inspection software, sensors and advanced imaging technology.
3. Equipment operator
National average salary: $47,570 per year
Primary duties: An equipment operator is a construction professional who manages and controls heavy machinery during projects. Equipment operators use a wide variety of technology and construction vehicles, such as trenchers, compactors, bulldozers, forklifts, rollers and excavators. They may use machinery to pave roads, transport objects or dig into the ground. These professionals typically need to get a license to handle specific equipment.
4. Wind turbine technician
National average salary: $49,112 per year
Primary duties: A wind turbine technician is a renewable energy professional who installs, maintains and configures wind turbines. Wind turbine technicians typically find employment with green-energy companies and organizations. Wind turbines are devices that convert the kinetic energy of wind currents into electrical power. These professionals often work from tall heights to inspect equipment and test turbines’ electrical and hydraulic components.
National average salary: $50,361 per year
Primary duties: An ironworker is a tradesperson who uses iron and steel to create rods and beams, which they then place in dams, roads and buildings as support. Ironworkers follow engineering designs and frameworks to assemble steel frames and install the metal components properly. Aside from building supports, ironworkers also repair old buildings using reinforced steel and concrete. Ironworkers often work in utility plants, factories and steel mills and use building information management (BIM) and construction management software for their tasks.
National average salary: $51,907 per year
Primary duties: A plumber installs new pipes and repairs existing pipes that carry water, gas and waste to and from buildings. Plumbers install residential plumbing fixtures, such as sinks, toilets, bathtubs, and they assist in the configuration of appliances like washing machines and dishwashers. They also provide these services to commercial buildings. Plumbers may work with innovative construction technologies such as smart appliances and plumbing systems.
National average salary: $55,270 per year
Primary duties: An electrician works with electrical infrastructure to perform installation, repairs and maintenance activities. Their responsibilities include installing electrical wire systems, troubleshooting electrical malfunctions and fixing electrical appliances. These professionals must also take precautions and follow strict safety guidelines and protocols to ensure the safety of themselves and bystanders. These professionals may encounter many construction technologies, such as wearables, smart grids and energy-efficient appliances.
8. Elevator technician
National average salary: $58,121 per year
Primary duties: An elevator technician is responsible for installing, maintaining and repairing elevators and equipment. Their responsibilities include creating and reviewing blueprints, conducting inspections and making upgrades. While working on elevators, these professionals follow protocols and building codes to ensure that their work is accurate and secure. During the installation process, elevator technicians may work with wires, program elevator control buttons and ensure that elevator functionalities are safe for patrons to operate.
National average salary: $62,140 per year
Primary duties: A boilermaker is responsible for manufacturing and installing boilers and related objects, such as closed vats and tanks. A boiler is a machine that heats water and then uses that function to generate electricity or heat for a building. These professionals may use computer-assisted design (CAD) software to aid their duties. Their responsibilities including analyzing blueprints, inspecting and testing boilers and repairing and replacing malfunctioning parts.
10. Solar panel installer
National average salary: $62,726 per year
Primary duties: A solar panel installer is a renewable energy professional who installs, configures and repairs solar panels on the sides and roofs of buildings. They may build solar panels that stand independently of a structure as well. Solar panel technology absorbs sunlight and converts it into electricity. These specialized professionals meet with customers, then analyze and prepare the environment to ensure that the solar panels don’t present any safety issues.
11. Sheet metal mechanic
National average salary: $63,802 per year
Primary duties: A sheet metal mechanic is responsible for assembling and repairing sheet metal, often used in heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. Sheet metal mechanics often work at construction sites, manufacturing plants and metal shops. They cut and weld sheets of metal into different forms for various commercial, residential and industrial purposes. For example, sheet metal can also support drainage and roofing repairs.
12. Cost estimator
National average salary: $70,626 per year
Primary duties: A cost estimator is responsible for collecting and analyzing financial data to prepare cost estimates for construction projects. These estimates typically include costs associated with time, labor and materials. Cost estimators may use technical documents, building information management (BIM) and cost estimating software to perform this responsibility accurately. These professionals often collaborate with other professionals to identify and recommend solutions to reduce project and production costs.
13. Field engineer
National average salary: $70,987 per year
Primary duties: A field engineer is responsible for planning, designing and managing construction projects. These professionals often work on-site and use their expertise to inspect equipment, technology and machines and troubleshoot issues they identify. Their responsibilities include developing construction specifications, ensuring adherence to building codes and relevant regulations, reviewing and approving designs and supervising construction procedures and work.
14. Quality engineer
National average salary: $74,394 per year
Primary duties: A quality engineer is responsible for ensuring the quality of work performed during a construction project. These professionals assess the quality of materials used, construction methods and practices and work completed. Their responsibilities include developing and ensuring adherence to project quality standards, performing and supervising site inspections and identifying methods to keep projects on schedule and within budget.
15. Construction safety manager
National average salary: $74,921 per year
Primary duties: A construction safety manager is responsible for ensuring that crew members complete projects safely. These professionals regularly visit construction sites to assess the working conditions. Their responsibilities include identifying safety concerns, collaborating with project managers on solutions and training crew members on the proper safety protocols. Construction safety managers can sometimes use technology, such as virtual reality, to provide safety training using realistic scenarios.
16. Construction superintendent
National average salary: $77,801 per year
Primary duties: A construction superintendent is responsible for coordinating construction projects and ensuring they’re completed on time and within budget. These professionals sometimes work on-site to inspect project progress, often creating reports about their findings to share with stakeholders. They may use budgeting and other software to manage project costs by keeping a record of the budget, including maintaining records related to employee payments and unforeseen costs that arise.
17. Construction project manager
National average salary: $81,435 per year
Primary duties: A construction project manager oversees the completion of a construction project from start to finish. These professionals manage the crew members to ensure they perform their tasks effectively and meet project deadlines. Their responsibilities include setting labor schedules, collaborating with architects and clients and negotiating with vendors and suppliers. Construction project managers are also responsible for keeping project costs within the projected budget, so they need familiarity with project management and budgeting software.
18. Civil engineer
National average salary: $86,693 per year
Primary duties: A civil engineer plans and oversees construction projects like roads, railways, bridges and other public infrastructure. To ensure that the completion of these projects is accurate, they collaborate with other professionals like contractors, engineers, project managers and builders. Civil engineers also consider projects’ impact on the environment and create blueprints that adhere to the relevant construction and environmental regulations. They may use technologies including 3D modeling, predictive software and virtual reality in their work.
19. Research engineer
National average salary: $88,192 per year
Primary duties: A research engineer is an engineering professional who designs and creates new technology, tools and products. Their skills and responsibilities vary based on the industry in which they work. A research engineer in the construction sector innovates and designs technologies and products that make construction jobs more efficient. These professionals analyze existing problems and design and test potential solutions, such as devices or materials.
National average salary: $106,789 per year
Primary duties: An architect is responsible for designing buildings, later working alongside construction professionals to develop and build them. Architects can use various technologies to design and plan projects, such as 3D printing, virtual reality and building information management (BIM) software. These professionals research the feasibility of projects, often considering environmental impacts and cost estimates. Once architects receive approval on their projects, they oversee the construction and development processes to ensure that crew members build the structure according to the blueprints.
types of building technology
The term ‘building technology’ refers to the technical processes and methods used in the constructing buildings. This has become an increasingly important aspect of the construction industry, as buildings have moved from being evolutions of standard types to becoming one-off prototypes, building performance requirements have become more demanding, and the number of products and specialist suppliers has increased.
In essence, construction is the process of moving and assembling materials and equipment into completed forms for use. However, unlike manufacturing, construction operations are never completely standardised (neither in a fixed sequence nor at a fixed location).
The basic process of construction has remained relatively unchanged since the Middle Ages, however construction technology has changed significantly. The earliest dwellings were built of animal skins draped across sticks, or mud, straw, timber and stone, and were intended purely to provide shelter. Early experiments with concrete were introduced by the ancient Romans, who mixed lime and volcanic rock to build many of their most famous structures.
Buildings are now constructed from a bewildering array of interrelated systems and assemblies that must work together to deliver the required standard of performance. This requires the collaborative work of client, consultants, suppliers, contractors and sub-contractors to properly prepare planning applications, building regulations submissions, submissions for programmes such as BREEAM, construction documentation, operation and maintenance manuals and so on.
Building technology encompasses; materials and their applications, physical properties, capacities and vulnerabilities; the functioning of components and systems; the principles, procedures and details of building assembly; operating strategies and so on. The types of building technology are;
1. AI AND MACHINE LEARNING
Artificial Intelligence has become essential for construction managers. This new tech collects and observes visual data from cameras and notifies managers of any potential risks or hazards. AI has helped schedule-related tasks by automating most mundane chores that are essential to keep operations running.
By embracing AI’s potential, construction managers can prevent delays, conflicts and other issues. While humans can still manage small-scale projects, more complicated ones are a better match for machine learning software because they require coordination and precision.
2. AUTONOMOUS EQUIPMENT
Autonomous equipment is nothing new, but it can still be the construction sector’s future. Semi-autonomous machines like bulldozers are in daily use on various construction sites. Humans operate this equipment, which automatically collects data while moving around. These machines independently decide how to handle materials or accomplish tasks.
Now, companies are working on including more advanced autonomous equipment, among other new types of construction technology. These will take over mundane, but necessary, tasks and allow humans to work on higher-level strategies. These types of equipment will reduce worker stress and fatigue while improving work site safety. Autonomous equipment will play a more significant role in the construction sector’s future.
Rather than the error-prone, traditional method of collecting site data manually, drones provide a better alternative that offers precision and accuracy. Companies in the construction sector have found various uses for drones, which work by flying over the construction site, scanning it and providing precise data. Drones provide accurate information and remove the possibility of human error. Engineers can analyze this data with software and use it in construction designs.
Drones reduce the need for manual labor, while allowing professionals to compare images. Building drawings and designs lessen the likelihood of inaccuracies during the construction phase. Drones can capture up-to-date pictures of the site as often as needed, simplifying the on-site planning process.
4. BUILDING INFORMATION MODELING
Building information modeling is another example of construction technology. BIM is a process for managing and creating all the digital details about every aspect of a project. Building information modeling allows contractors to build a project virtually before starting any work. This technology lets them predict any problems or inefficiencies that might arise during the building process.
The BIM process has many benefits, such as improving collaboration, reducing risk and lowering project costs. It also provides a better overview of the project and reduces the waste of any unused materials. Building information modeling can improve the project’s schedule by completing the design and documentation simultaneously. Contractors can plan more accurately, which facilitates completion.
5. INTELLIGENT COMPACTION AND PAVING CONTROL
Compaction is one of the most critical processes in paving because it ensures a smooth, uniform road. Intelligent compaction is a better method of compacting road materials, using the latest technology for complete, consistent and accurate results.
Intelligent compaction gives you better control over cutting depths. This process prevents overcutting and reduces the cost of cutting access materials. New technology ensures that the paver stays perfectly aligned and produces a more uniform concrete surface. The latest equipment features innovative technology that can improve efficiency, grading and speed.
6. LASER SCANNING
Laser scanning is one of the most popular types of construction technology. Laser scanning tools provide accurate information about a site. They improve construction accuracy and quality by providing detailed data to the construction manager and enhancing the planning and detailing process. Managers or contractors don’t have to wait for someone else to complete the assessment of the site. They provide a quick scan and save time for your contractors.
3D laser scanning also helps in improving collaboration and coordination on the construction site. Managers can make faster and better decisions, enhancing the project’s overall timeline and quality. The 3D laser technique also reduces manual labor and reduces the likelihood of error, saving valuable time.
7. WEIGHING AND MONITORING SOLUTIONS
Weighing tools are a critical part of the construction industry. The scales should be compatible with the loading systems. Since the construction sector regularly handles multiple materials in different weather conditions, it needs various weighing solutions to give precise measurements.
Using accurate weighing solutions is essential in a construction project. A simple miscalculation or malfunction can lead to inaccuracies and increase the risk of accidents. The correct weighing solutions make it much easier for a construction manager to determine precise figures, while reducing the chances of mishaps.
These scales are lightweight and easy to transport, assemble and dismantle. Built from durable materials, these scales can withstand harsh conditions, and integrated software guarantees maximum precision.
8. CONSTRUCTION SOFTWARE
Construction software brings many benefits and multiple uses, from managing and controlling documents to assessing risks.
User-friendly construction management software ensures every project goes according to plan. This software can also track the project’s budget and promote your business.
Construction software allows staff members to access and share information. It has also become the best solution for managing paperwork and dealing with other administrative issues. Construction software is a leading technology impacting the industry, thanks to its ability to streamline tasks like project management, accounting and cost estimation.
9. COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN
Many architects and engineers rely on computer-aided design software daily. Construction software solutions are an alternative to manual drawings that can create 2D or 3D designs of new buildings. This software has many uses and advantages in the construction sector. Contractors use the designs architects create to develop a plan they can use for a project’s entire length.
Designers and architects can quickly modify their drawings in CAD software. They can also export their designs to other formats and share them with all the people involved to create a working plan before initiating construction.
10. SITE POSITIONING SYSTEMS
Site positioning systems allow contractors to precisely map out the construction site. These systems play a vital role in construction and mining, and they can cut down your job time while maintaining your budget. A site positioning system enables you to complete preliminary site analysis without waiting for surveyors.
On some level, the site positioning system works similarly to a machine control system. The only difference between these two is in technique. The machine control system focuses on the machinery’s location, while the site positioning system works by taking a broader approach and surveying the entire site.
Using site positioning systems can benefit you by making your machine control system even more efficient. These systems can optimize your processes while reducing your operational costs. These easy-to-use tools can make a difference in your construction projects.
Prefabrication is a valuable asset in the construction sector. It is a practice of manufacturing a building’s components at a different site, then transporting them to the final construction site. The contractors and builders assemble the structures and hand over the building to the owners.
For contractors, assembling a modular building is a game-changer because it’s much faster than building one from scratch. Prefabrication has been extremely helpful when construction managers have a limited timeline to complete projects. Along with saving time and money, prefabrication is an eco-friendly construction method. It also provides consistent quality, as the manufactured components adhere to strict standards.
12. MODULAR CONSTRUCTION
Modular construction is similar to prefabrication. However, while prefabrication uses some manufactured components and builds the rest on-site, modular construction involves getting almost all the building’s structures from an off-site manufacturer, then assembling the pieces on-site. As with prefabrication, the modular construction process saves a considerable amount of time compared to traditional construction. One 2017 study from Market Research Future predicted modular construction would show 6% year-over-year growth until 2022.
what is building technology all about
Building or construction technology are the tools and techniques for the creation of buildings, dwellings or places for people to escape the natural elements. The design and overall development is usually referred to as architecture.
Although most buildings are on land, there are numerous examples of building of other technological objects, for example the building or construction of boats, aircraft etc.
The technology of technology
Manufacturing technologies are generally regarded as the tools and techniques for making other pieces of technology.
Some manufacturing can be small scale or large scale. The larger scale is often referred to as industrial.
Interestingly, the word ‘technoloogy’ itself comes from the greek meaning literally ‘to build’.
Differences between engineering and building technology
Building technology is slightly different to engineering. The main difference is that engineering is really about the whole process of designing a project from a long term economic perspective. In other words building technology is used to construct engineering projects.
The study of building technology covers the planning for the creation of residential or commercial properties, as well as structures. Programs in this subject are normally offered at the certificate or associate degree level, but building technology coursework may also be found in advanced programs for construction or architecture. Graduates of such programs may work as contractors or as managers if they have sufficient construction experience; however, many construction management jobs require a bachelor’s degree with experience.
Building technology programs incorporate hands-on experience through labs that may be done on campus or at a building site. Students in both certificate and associate’s degree programs learn the basics of construction drawing, blueprint reading, building codes and construction project management. They learn to construct walls, roofs, floors, and foundations, as well as other interior and exterior structures. An associate’s degree program usually goes more in depth and covers topics like field engineering, estimating, piping and electrical systems, and a capstone course may be included.
Some building technology programs prepare students for industry certification exams. Some of these certifications are offered by the Associated General Contractors of America (AGC) and the National Center for Construction Education and Research (NCCER).
Here are some common concepts found in building technology courses:
- Site layout
- Wall framing
- EPA regulations of hazardous waste
- Construction math
- Basic safety
- History of alternative energy sources
List of Building Technology Courses
Construction drawing classes teach students the basics of formulating a blueprint, how to draw to scale, how to calculate for flooring, how to design beams and other key components of architecture. This also includes teaching technique for lines and letters on a chart. Many classes in construction drawing focus on computer-aided design (CAD) and educate students on how to use computer programs like AutoCAD and Autodesk. Construction drawing is usually among the introductory classes taken by building technology students, and passing is required to move on further in the program. This course may be offered in two parts, labeled by the school as Construction Drawing I and II, and they must be completed in a sequence.
The primary concern of building technology is safety. Buildings codes classes give students a background in understanding the many rules and regulations that must be adhered to in any form of construction. Students might especially focus on the local and state laws governing the construction of new buildings and structures. They also learn about blueprint and plan reading, plumbing, electrical wiring and field inspections. This class is usually required and offered in the first or second year of an academic program.
A class in energy efficiency teaches students how to incorporate energy-saving theories into building design. They also commonly learn to explore alternative sources of energy, such as solar, wind or geothermal energy. Topics covered include building methods and materials, new technologies and techniques, energy usage, residential energy efficiency and cost control. This class may be broken down into one of these many topics, depending on the expansiveness of a school’s curriculum in the area of energy efficiency.
Project management may be offered as one class or a series of classes leading up to a certificate in construction management. Topics include quality assurance, estimations, financing, negotiation strategies, human resources, contract law, and safety practices. Building management classes can be essential for students who wish to one day own their own construction companies and may be considered an advanced class.
what jobs use technology
The technology sector is constantly growing because of the increasing reliance on technology, which creates a demand for more tech professionals. If you are considering a career in technology, you have a wide range of options. You can find what jobs use technology, below;
1. Data Scientist
- Job outlook through 2020: not available
- Number of new jobs through 2020: not available
- Median annual wage: $118,709
While specific job outlook and new job numbers are not available from the BLS, the Harvard Business Review (HBR) calls data scientists “the sexiest job of the 21st century.” There is a high demand for individuals who can evaluate data to help companies make business decisions; however, there is a relatively low supply of qualified candidates.
According to a Burtch Works report, salaries for level three data scientist managers are as high as $250,000. Burtch Works also notes that most data scientists have either a Master’s degree or a Ph.D. in mathematics/statistics, computer science, or engineering.
2. Software Developer
- Job outlook through 2020: 22%
- Number of new jobs through 2020: 222,600
- Median annual wage: $102,880
By far, the largest number of job openings on the list is for software developers. This growth is fueled by the demand for mobile apps and other products that are driven by technology. While some software developers design applications, systems software developers design operating systems and interfaces. A bachelor’s degree in computer science, software engineering, or mathematics is usually a requirement.
Here are some of the most common careers in the world of software engineering:
- Video game designer
- Quality assurance engineer
- CRM project manager
- Software integration engineer
- Security engineer
- Front-end engineer
- Full-stack engineer
- Three-dimensional graphics developer
- Data scientist
- Mobile developer
- DevOps engineer
- Back-end engineer
3. Information Security Analyst
- Job outlook through 2020: 37%
- Number of new jobs through 2020: 27,400
- Median annual wage: $88,890
More than one billion records were breached in 2014, according to Gemalto, an international security company. These breaches illustrate the urgent need for information security analysts. A bachelor’s degree in computer science or programming is the typical requirement, although some employers prefer an MBA in information systems.
4. Computer Systems Analyst
- Job outlook through 2020: 25%
- Number of new jobs through 2020: 127,700
- Median annual wage: $82,710
Computer systems analysts are needed to design and install new computer systems, and IT consulting firms hire most of them. Growth has occurred primarily in the following areas: cloud computing, mobile technology, and healthcare records. Candidates usually need a bachelor’s degree in a computer-related field, although the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports that sometimes a liberal arts degree is sufficient.
5. Web Developer
- Job outlook through 2020: 20%
- Number of new jobs through 2020: 28,500
- Median annual wage: $63,490
This is one of the few jobs on the list that you can get without a bachelor’s degree. There are three types of web developers; web designers, who create the layout and feel of the website, need an associate degree in web design.
Webmasters, who maintain the website, may have a webmaster certificate, an associate degree in web development, or a bachelor’s degree, depending on the employer. Web architects, who handle the technical construction of the site, usually need a bachelor’s degree in programming or computer science.
6. Sales Engineer
- Job outlook through 2020: 35%
- Number of new jobs through 2020: 5,900 total (specific numbers for technology not available)
- Median annual wage: $96,340
The demand for sales engineers in other industries is only projected to increase by 9%; however, the growth rate is four times as fast for professionals selling computer software and hardware. Most sales engineers have a degree in business, science, or a technology field. They must also be well-versed in technology to present proposals, explain products, and answer questions.
7. Information Technology Manager
- Job outlook through 2020: 15%
- Number of new jobs through 2020: 50,900
- Median annual wage: $127,640
Information technology managers go by a variety of other names; for example, computer and information systems managers, chief information officers (CIOs), chief technology officers (CTOs), IT directors, or IT security managers. While duties may vary, they usually oversee an IT team and handle the organization’s technology needs. A bachelor’s degree in a computer or information science-related major is required, though some employers prefer an MBA.
8. Computer Research Scientist
- Job outlook through 2020: 15%
- Number of new jobs through 2020: 4,100
- Median annual wage: $108,360
This position has the least number of new jobs, but that’s because it is a difficult field to enter. Computer and Information Research Scientists typically require a Ph.D., and so the candidate pool is small, which keeps the demand for this role high. Among other duties, computer and information research scientists write algorithms to help businesses analyze data.
9. Network and Systems Administrator
- Job outlook through 2020: 12%
- Number of new jobs through 2020: 42,900
- Median annual wage: $75,790
This job has the lowest growth rate on the list, but don’t let that fool you. Companies need network and computer systems administrators to handle their day-to-day technology operations, which include installing and maintaining local and wide area networks, intranets, etc.
The largest area of growth for network administrators will be in computer systems design, which is projected to increase by 35%. Typically, candidates for this role hold a degree in information science, computer science, computer engineering, or electrical engineering.
10. Computer Support Specialists
- Job outlook through 2020: 17%
- Number of new jobs through 2020: 123,000
- Median annual wage: $47,610
It’s the lowest paying job on the list, but it also requires the least amount of time in school; most employers will hire candidates with a postsecondary certificate or an associate degree. There are two types of computer support specialists: computer network support specialists and computer user support specialists.
Computer network support specialists usually work with IT staff to troubleshoot problems. Computer user support specialists, also known as help desk techs, assist customers and non-technical employees.