Last Updated on January 9, 2023
MS PhD Integrated Program In Canada ( All in One ) Aiming for a well-balanced integrated program, The MS PhD program is designed to offer a comprehensive outlook of the management disciplines it covers. Innovation and creativity, data analysis and interpretation, technology and globalization are some factors that will help to enhance this course.
The University of Toronto has a new Master of Science/PhD integrated program. It is designed for students that wish to complete both a master’s degree and a PhD degree in approximately the same amount of time as it would take to complete a traditional PhD.
Students will be introduced to a wide range of topics including organizations, strategy and organizations, human resources management, accounting systems , statistical methods, marketing principles etc. through which they will be able to get practical exposure to the latest theories and practices in the industry. Read further to acquaint yourself with MS PhD Integrated Program In Canada, ms phd integrated program in india, integrated phd courses in canada, and ms phd integrated program in Germany.
What is MS PhD integrated program
This 5-year degree program combines a master’s course with a PhD in which the first 2 years, students are supposed to study an MSc, MTech, MA or MRes and the next 3 years are dedicated to research work and a core PhD course
MS PhD Integrated Program In Canada
This integrated program is offered in the life sciences, medicine, computer science, and engineering. If you are interested in getting more information about this program at the University of Toronto, then read on!
The new MS PhD Integrated Program was designed to help the busy student accelerate the process of getting a PhD degree. The integrated program allows students to earn two masters degrees and a PhD in as little as four years. Also get to learn about ms and phd integrated program in Australia in this post.
You can locate information on masters and PhD combined programs in Canada that are dedicated to that purpose. The truth is that information is not easy to find online, and if you don’t know the right places to explore for you will really face a difficult time in If you need information on are PhD programs free in Canada then you’ve come to the right place. You’ll see information ranging from one another and so much more.
integrated PhD Psychology
The IP is a program for students looking to do research in biomedical engineering and progress to a PhD. Students are admitted directly into the program and complete both their masters and doctorate degrees in approximately five years. The IP is based in the Department of Biomedical Engineering at the University of Toronto, and offers many unique opportunities for interdisciplinary research.
Integrated Masters and PhD Combined Programs in USA, UK, Canada, Germany, Europe
If doctorate level research is your ultimate ambition in life, pursuing it jointly is a great idea. It seems beneficial in many ways, however it is not always easy to apply for these courses as they demand exceptional excellence and high academic performance throughout.
Integrated MS/PhD is a bit complicated and varies from one University to another
1. Some universities don’t let you apply to PhD program with a Bachelor’s. You have to apply to MS and state in application that you wish to continue to PhD subsequently
2. Few schools let you apply for PhD post Bachelor’s but will only if they find an extra-ordinary intellectual potential in you or else you will be re-directed to a MS program
3. Few universities offer MS-PhD joint degrees extending to 5 or 6 years and even offer fellowships to these integrated program students.
4. Recently, many programs have been added to this category. One has to be very sure before getting into an integrated program because once you become a part of it you will not get another chance to divert your field of work or change subjects.
Research based doctoral programs at various reputed universities in the world play a critical role in the development of human resources in five broad fields (around 41 fields in total) as follows:
Arts and Humanities, Biological Sciences, Engineering, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, Social and Behavioral Sciences.
Today many of the universities especially in North America (USA & Canada) & Europe are well equipped with powerful tools & techniques that empower the graduate student to conduct an extensive research in the field of his/her interest. Though the duration of a doctoral program depends strongly on the field in which it is taken, but normally it takes between three and six years for many of the research areas. Nowadays industry & the academic communities require these researchers to switch between fields as & when it is required.
Are PhD programs free in Canada
Tuition fees for a Ph.D. in Canada vary between universities and courses, and will generally be around twice that of fees for Canadian students. An exception to this is the University of Toronto, where most international Ph.D. students will pay the same tuition fees as domestic students, starting from fall 2018.
Top Countries for MS and PhD Combined Programs
Welcome to the MS PhD Integrated Program blog at Canada’s University!
This blog is your personal tour guide as you navigate your life as a student in [program name] and make the most of your time here. We’ll help you stay on track with your assignments and due dates, share our favorite spots on campus, and show you what it’s like to be a student here.
- EUROPEAN NATIONS
Pursuing integrated MS and PhD needs meticulous planning in every aspect. As you need to consider various factors like your research inclination, ongoing project and research work at the department you need to apply to, initiating contact with professors who could be your project guide, exchange of information and research ideas, assessment of your skills and mapping your research goals with the ongoing project work.
Our expert counsellors who have years of experience and have worked with several Integrated PhD aspirants on their applications and admission process efficiently ensure a successful Integrated PhD admission.
How to Study a PhD in Canada
An increasingly attractive and multicultural study destination, Canada is a great option to consider for your PhD studies, offering a wealth of research opportunities to help you expand your expertise. More than a third of the country’s overall research is conducted at Canadian universities, and this work contributes billions to the country’s economy.
What are the admission requirements
The MS PhD Integrated Program at the University of Lethbridge is a great way to launch your career in research.
The requirements to study in Canada at doctorate level vary between universities and courses, but you generally need the following:
- A master’s degree in a related field, with strong grades and proven research ability and potential.
- Proof of language ability, depending on whether you study in English or French, if either language is not your first language and you haven’t previously studied in either language. (Some programs in French-speaking Quebec are conducted in both languages).
- A strong score in a graduate admissions test such as the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) or the Graduate Record Examination (GRE).
In exceptional cases, you may be able to study a PhD with “accelerated admission” – that is, without a master’s degree. In this process, you’ll need to have outstanding grades in the last two years of your bachelor’s degree (a first-class average) and other demonstrations of your high academic potential, such as research publications.
How long are PhDs in Canada
The MS PhD Integrated Program is designed to help students who are committed to conducting scientific research as a career. It provides an opportunity for students in the Master of Science program to develop and demonstrate their abilities to conduct independent research.
Most PhDs in Canada take about four to six years to complete.
How do I apply for a PhD in Canada
Although the admissions process can vary between Canadian universities, you’ll generally need to follow the following steps to apply for a PhD:
1. Decide which PhD course you’d like to apply for, identifying your supervisor and chosen research topic. This may be an advertised, structured PhD in which the scope of the research is already outlined by the university (particularly in the sciences), or alternatively (particularly in arts and humanities) you could suggest and outline your own research project with an open PhD. Once you’ve found a supervisor, some universities may ask for a letter of support from your chosen supervisor to be included in your application documents.
2. If applying for an open PhD, you’ll need to submit a research proposal following the guidelines set by your university and generally outlining what you want to research, and why this is a worthwhile project.
3. Apply online, paying the appropriate application fee and attaching the necessary documents to your application. This could be all or some of the following:
- Statement of purpose – this should outline your background and academic/professional experience, including any awards, publications or relevant experience you can offer. You should also discuss your career goals and anything else stipulated by the university, keeping to the word limit.
- Two or three letters of reference (including one from your intended supervisor). Your referees should be academic, where possible.
- Academic transcripts and degree certificates – Canadian universities may require that your university mails an official transcript, which should be in English or accompanied by a perfectly translated document.
- Writing sample (most likely for arts and humanities PhDs)
- Your Curriculum Vitae (CV)
- Language test results, if needed
- Portfolio of creative work (if applying for an arts/humanities PhD)
Some Canadian universities may also ask you to attend an admission interview.
4. Once accepted, the next step is to apply for your study permit, which acts as your student visa for your stay. You should also take out health insurance, and check your university’s website for orientation advice.
How much does it cost to study a PhD in Canada
Bienvenidos! Welcome to the MS PhD Integrated Program blog. We’re thrilled you decided to stop by and check it out. In this blog we’ll be posting about everything from program updates and events to new research, student profiles, and more. We hope you’ll find it useful and informative.
Tuition fees for a PhD in Canada vary between universities and courses, and will generally be around twice that of fees for Canadian students. An exception to this is the University of Toronto, where most international PhD students will pay the same tuition fees as domestic students, starting from fall 2018.
To give you an example of the cost of a PhD in Canada, the University of British Columbia charges CA$7,641 (~US$5,760) per year for Masters by Research or PhDs, while PhDs are CA$$10,240 (~US$7,700) in years one and two at the University of Manitoba.
What PhD scholarships and other funding opportunities are available
If you’re a prospective student, this blog is a great place to get a better feel for our program and what it’s like to be a student here. You can check out profiles of current students who have given us the scoop on their experiences, read about our various research projects and labs, or even just hear some general program news—it’s all here.
Thankfully, many PhD scholarships are available to help make studying in Canada more affordable to international students, with many awards based on academic merit. The Canadian government runs a useful website with a search tool to find scholarships based on your country of origin. Other good places to look are the official websites of Canadian universities, which may provide their own scholarships search tool to help you find one relevant to your situation and country of origin.
Some examples of PhD scholarships to study in Canada include:
- The Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarships, which award CA$50,000 (~US$37,700) per year to highly-qualified international and home PhD students in the fields of social sciences and/or humanities, natural sciences and/or engineering and health.
- The Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation doctoral scholarships, which at the time of writing is currently in the process of being reworked.
- The University of British Columbia Four Year Doctoral Fellowship provides a stipend of at least CA$18,200 (~US$13,700) per year plus full tuition for outstanding international/home doctoral students for all four years of their studies.
Many students also decide to fund their studies by taking part in a research or teaching assistantship – in these, you can work as a teaching or research assistant in exchange for a stipend and/or have your tuition fully or partially covered.
As a research assistant, you’ll work to help a faculty member (which may be your supervisor) by assisting with data collection, analysis, report writing, lab/office organization and other tasks. As a teaching assistant, you’ll support your department with its undergraduate programs, teaching one or more sections of the course, conducting laboratory sections, holding office hours and grading undergraduate papers. To become a teaching assistant, you’ll need to demonstrate your mastery of the course and ability to effectively facilitate students’ learning.
To apply for a research or teaching assistantship, you’ll need to check the information posted by your university and likely fill in an online application form.
Can I work in Canada part-time during my studies
Yes, all full-time students with a valid study permit can work part-time on or off campus for up to 20 hours per week during university semesters and full time during semester breaks. However, some PhD courses may stipulate that you shouldn’t work for more than 10 hours per week during term time – particularly if you’ve been granted funding to study in Canada. It’s also important to consider that your PhD will take up a considerable amount of time and challenging work, so you might prefer to focus entirely on your studies. Also, it’s not advised to rely on part-time work to fund your living expenses. You’ll need a Social Insurance Number to work in Canada.
Can I stay and work in Canada after my PhD
Yes – if you’d like to stay after graduation to find work in Canada, you can apply for the Post-Graduation Work Permit Program (PGWPP) which allows you to stay and gain valuable work experience for a maximum of three years. And if you’re interested in becoming a permanent resident, this post-graduation work experience helps you to qualify to apply for permanent residency in Canada via Express Entry
PhD Study in Canada – A Guide for 2020
If you’re a current student, this blog is a great way to stay up-to-date on what’s going on in the program so you don’t miss anything important. Keep an eye out for news related to your research area. And if there’s something big happening in your lab or with your career, let us know! We’d love to feature it in the blog so that other students can read about your experience as well.
Home to some of North America’s most historic – and globally renowned – research universities, Canada’s multicultural outlook and cosmopolitan society also make it an increasingly popular home-away-from-home for thousands of international students.
A PhD in Canada will give you the opportunity to work with leading experts and take advantage of modern high-tech facilities. Once you’ve earned your doctorate, you’ll have the opportunity to take advantage of one of the world’s most generous post-study work visa schemes.
This page covers everything you’ll need to know to take advantage of postgraduate study in Canada. It includes information on the Canadian university system, the structure of a typical Canadian doctoral programme and key facts for fees, funding and visa requirements.
PhD opportunities in Canada – what’s on offer for 2020
Canada has always been popular with international students – and international students have always been popular with Canada. But this has never been more true than it is right now.
The number of people studying abroad in Canada has risen by nearly 30% recently as more and more students have been attracted by the prospect of living and studying in a friendly and liberal society that supports and celebrates its internationally acclaimed universities. Not to mention the chance to experience and explore the country’s diverse range of stunning natural landscapes and habitats.
Here are a few of the things that make Canada a great choice for PhD study in 2020 and beyond:
- Internationally renowned universities – Canada’s oldest universities date back to the seventeenth century, but the research they carry out continues to be world-leading, with six institutions in the top 150 of all three major global rankings.
- Attractive international fees – PhD study in Canada is generally cheaper than in the neighbouring USA, with some universities actually reducing – or even waiving – international fees.
- Post-study opportunities – Successfully completing your doctorate will entitle you to live and work in Canada for up to three years and perhaps take up a pathway to permanent residency, or even citizenship.
- The great outdoors – From the Great Lakes of Ontario and Québec and the Canadian Rocky Mountains and Prairies of Alberta to the unspoilt wilderness of the vast Northwest Territories: there’s plenty to explore (and perhaps even research) during your PhD.
You’ll also have the opportunity to study at the same universities as a famous American leader – and who knows: you might even meet Justin Trudeau himself.
|Oldest University||Université Laval (1663)|
|PhD Length||3-6 years|
|Representative Fees||CAD $10,000-20,500 (USD $7,655-15,695)|
|Academic Year||September to April|
PhD life in Canada
Want to know more about life for international PhD students in Canada? Our detailed guide covers everything from accommodation and living costs to culture and entertainment.
The University of Waterloo is a public research university with a main campus in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. The main campus is on 404 hectares (1,000 acres) of land adjacent to “Uptown” Waterloo and Waterloo Park. The university offers academic programs administered by six faculties and ten faculty-based schools. The university also operates three satellite campuses and four affiliated university colleges. Waterloo is a member of the U15, a group of research-intensive universities in Canada and one of the best academic research universities in the country.
Like its near-neighbour, the USA, Canada is a big country. However, unlike the USA, a relatively small proportion of Canada is actually inhabited. This means that the Canadian university system isn’t as large as you might expect and, when it comes to PhD-level study, it’s actually relatively easy to make sense of.
Research universities and graduate schools
There are around 100 research universities in Canada (other institutions such as liberal arts colleges and community colleges also exist, but these don’t tend to offer PhDs). These universities often run their doctoral programmes within dedicated graduate schools that house all the facilities and expertise necessary to support students through advanced postgraduate (or ‘graduate’) degrees.
Individual Canadian universities can be public or private, depending on how they receive their funding.
Public universities (the great majority) are financially supported by their local province or territory and tend to offer more comprehensive study opportunities, including doctoral programmes. Private universities are funded by third-party sources (such as religious organisations) and tend to be smaller and more specialised.
Universities within Canadian provinces and territories
Canada’s vast geographical size and colonial history means the country has developed a federal structure, made up of 10 provinces and 3 territories. Provinces are independent sovereign entities (similar to US states) whereas territories have their authority delegated by the central federal government.
The most important difference between Canadian provinces and territories for international PhD students is that only provinces possess research universities (with the ability to offer doctoral programmes).
Most provinces take a similar approach to doctoral training and international recruitment, but local policies can sometimes affect the amount (and type) of funding available. The part of Canada you choose to study in may also determine whether your university offers programmes in English, French or both.
The 10 Canadian provinces are as follows:
- Alberta is a landlocked province in western Canada, famous for its vast forests, prairies and mountain ranges. There are 8 universities offering PhD opportunities in Alberta and the official language is English.
- British Columbia is Canada’s westernmost province. Its rugged landscape is characterised by temperate rainforests and striking coastal fjords. There are 11 universities offering PhD opportunities in British Columbia and the official language is English.
- Manitoba is a central province, home to vast prairies and some of Canada’s Great Lakes. There are 6 universities offering PhD opportunities in Manitoba and the official language is English.
- New Brunswick is a small province on the eastern coast of Canada, home to forests, mountains and some of the oldest European settlements in North America. There are four universities offering PhD opportunities in New Brunswick and the official languages are English and French.
- Nova Scotia is a maritime province in Atlantic Canada, made up of a peninsula and neighbouring islands. There are 9 universities offering PhD opportunities in Nova Scotia and the official language is English.
- Newfoundland and Labrador is Canada’s easternmost province, made up of the island of Newfoundland and the mainland region of Labrador, geographically defined by its subarctic tundra and striking mountains. There is 1 university offering PhD opportunities in Newfoundland and Labrador and the official language is English.
- Ontario is Canada’s most populous province, located in the east of the country. It is home to the Canadian capital, Ottawa, as well as the famous Lake Ontario and Niagara Falls. There are 31 universities offering PhD opportunities in Ontario and the official language is English.
- Prince Edward Island is a maritime province on the east coast of Canada – the smallest in the country. It is made up of the titular island, plus a network of smaller islands. There is 1 university offering PhD opportunities in Prince Edward Island and the official language is English.
- Québec is Canada’s largest province, situated at the east of the country. It is home to a rich independent Québécois culture and is famous for its rivers, lakes and bays. There are 19 universities offering PhD opportunites in Québec and the official language is French.
- Saskatchewan is a large landlocked province in central Canada, defined by its praries and lakes. There are 6 universities offering PhD opportunities in Saskatchewan and the official language is English.
Canada’s three territories are the Yukon, Nanavut and Northwest Territories. They are home to colleges offering undergraduate degrees, but do not currently possess universities with doctoral programmes.
Canadian university cities
There are several cities in Canada with one or more universities and large numbers of students.
Canadian university rankings
Not to be outdone by their North American neighbours, Canadian universities are world-leading in a range of fields and this is reflected in their international rankings.
|University||THE 2020||QS 2020||ARWU 2019|
|University of Toronto||18||=29||24|
|University of British Columbia||34||51||35|
|University of Montreal||85||137||151-200|
|University of Alberta||=136||113||101-150|
|University of Ottawa||=141||=281||151-200|
|University of Calgary||201-250||233||151-200|
|University of Waterloo||201-250||=173||151-200|
|Simon Fraser University||251-300||=314||301-400|
|University of Manitoba||351-400||601-650||301-400|
|University of Saskatchewan||401-500||=439||301-400|
|University of Victoria||401-500||=364||301-400|
|University of Guelph||501-600||571-580||301-400|
|Information in this table is based on the latest Times Higher Education World University Rankings, QS World University Rankings and Academic Ranking of World Universities. Visit their websites for more information.|
Do rankings matter for PhD study?
University rankings can help you choose a PhD project or programme, provided you know what to look at. Our guide explains how to use rankings as a prospective postgraduate.
As in other countries, the Canadian doctorate is normally awarded as a final ‘terminal degree’ – the highest level of academic qualification a student can achieve following an undergraduate Bachelors degree and a postgraduate Masters.
A range of doctoral degrees are available alongside the familiar academic PhD, including professional doctorates such as the Doctor of Business Administration (DBA) and Doctor of Education (EdD) qualifications.
Most courses require at least three years of full-time study and research, but some students study for longer, with a typical maximum registration of six years.
In most cases you’ll need to hold a Masters degree in order to gain admission to a standard Canadian PhD programme. However, some universities offer doctoral stream Masters routes that commence with one or two years of MA or MSc study. These are suitable for students coming straight from an undergraduate degree, but take longer to complete.
The Canadian PhD process
PhD study in Canada has more in common with the UK than the neighbouring USA. Whereas the US PhD normally begins with one or two years of taught classes and examinations before a student defines their thesis topic, a Canadian PhD is often more research-focused from the outset.
However, as in the UK, it is increasingly common for universities to offer more structured PhDs within dedicated doctoral programmes.
These programmes are normally run by a university’s graduate school where academic cohorts of students benefit from collective teaching and training alongside their more independent research activities.
Courses often focus on key skills such as practical research techniques and methodological principles, or useful additional training in areas such as teaching, presentation or publication. Some doctoral programmes also arrange internships and professional placements.
Generally, students complete these courses in the first year of their PhD, before moving on to focus on researching and writing their doctoral thesis.
In some cases a university may require PhD students to sit a comprehensive exam at the end of their first or second year. This tests a student’s general knowledge of their field before they are allowed to proceed to much more specific research. It is somewhat similar to the MPhil upgrade or ‘confirmation review’ used in UK universities.
Graduate Vs Postgraduate
Like the USA, Canadian universities usually refer to Masters and PhDs as ‘graduate’ degrees, rather than ‘postgraduate’ degrees. We’ve used postgraduate here to be consistent with the rest of the FindAPhD website.
The Canadian academic year generally runs from September to April, but exact semester dates vary between individual provinces and their universities.
Supervision and Research
You’ll complete your PhD under the guidance of at least one academic supervisor. They’ll be an expert in your general subject and field, though they won’t have researched on your specific topic before (it wouldn’t be a PhD, otherwise).
Other members of your graduate school may also contribute to your supervision and training, particularly if your programme involves additional classes and coursework.
The main criteria for your degree will be the completion of a substantial doctoral thesis. As in other countries, this must represent a rigorous and significant research body of research, making a substantial new contribution to knowledge.
If your qualification is a professional doctorate such as a DBA or EdD, you’ll focus on practical work and case studies as well as / instead of academic research. You’ll still be required to submit a thesis, but this may be shorter and supplemented by other materials.
Types of PhD
Our guides help explain the different types of PhD (and other doctorates) available in Canada and elsewhere.
Assessment and Examination
The main criteria for the assessment of a Canadian PhD is the originality and quality of your doctoral thesis. You’ll normally begin drafting this during the middle part of your PhD before writing up a final version based on feedback from your supervisor.
Once you submit your dissertation a committee of examiners (including at least one external expert) will be appointed to read and consider it. Your PhD will then proceed to an oral defence.
This procedure may be slightly more involved than the viva voce used in the UK and elsewhere. Instead of discussing your work in a ‘closed room’ situation, you may be expected to offer a presentation on your research before being questioned on the content and significance of your thesis.
The examiners will then meet separately to decide if your examination performance was satisfactory. If it was, you will be awarded your PhD!
Some Canadian PhD programmes also include coursework and examinations prior to your thesis. However, these will normally be checkpoints for your progression, rather than factors determining your final result.
As well as the conventional PhD process described above, some Canadian universities work with other international institutions to offer a collaborative route to a PhD, known as a ‘cotutelle’ (French for ‘co-tutored’).
These programmes involve a student spending time at two different universities, each of which is involved in supervising, examining and awarding the PhD project.
In this sense a cotutelle is somewhat like a joint PhD. However, unlike some other joint PhDs, a cotutelle arrangement is usually specific to the student’s project rather than an ongoing partnership between a pair (or network) of universities. In that sense, it’s helpful to think of a cotutelle as a specific kind of joint PhD.
The availability of this option varies between individual Canadian universities. Check with your institution for more information.
Fees and funding
Studying abroad in Canada is more affordable than you might think, despite the fact that universities typically charge higher fees for international students.
Canadian PhD fees
Representative international fees for a Canadian PhD programme are around CAD $10,000-20,000 (USD $7,655-15,300) per year. This is more than a domestic student pays, but still less than in other popular countries like the UK and USA.
If your PhD is part of a more structured programme its fees may vary from year to year; stages of the degree that involve taught classes and assessments are normally more expensive than those that focus on independent research.
In addition to tuition you may also be asked to pay some smaller supplementary costs for student services and union fees.
Recent fee changes for international students
The size of Canada’s higher education system and the administration of universities by separate provincial governments means that the representative PhD fees quoted here should be used as a guideline only.
However, it’s worth being aware of some new initiatives for international students at specific universities.
- The University of Toronto has begun charging the same fees to domestic and international PhD students from 2018. This means that you’ll pay the same for your PhD as a local Canadian student.
- Brock University has begun fully covering international PhD fees through its own fellowships.
Canadian PhD funding
Canada welcomes international students and provides a wide range of scholarships and other funding opportunities for PhD study at its universities.
Here are some of the options available for international students in Canada:
- Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Scholarships – funding for international students on selected PhD projects at Canadian universities
- IDRC Doctoral Research Awards – provides up to CAD $20,000 (USD $15,300) over 3-12 months for students from developing countries studying a PhD in Canada
- IDRC Research Awards – offers a salary of at least CAD 40,000 (USD $30,600) for PhD students from developing countries to complete an internship at the International Development Research Centre
- Trudeau Doctoral Scholarships – provide PhD funding for international students in a range of subjects
- Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarships – provide international students with CAD $50,000 (USD $38,280) per year for three years of PhD study in Health Sciences, Natural Sciences, Engineering, Social Sciences or Humanities
The Government of Canada website features an interactive database of funding opportunities for international students.
Funding from Canadian universities
In addition to the general scholarship opportunities listed above, there’s a good chance your prospective university will also have funding available. Most Canadian institutions provide some form of support for international PhD students.
You can start searching for university funding by browsing our listings of current PhD projects or programmes in Canada. Many of the opportunities featured on FindAPhD will already have funding attached, but even if they don’t, you can use the contact details to check for other scholarships at that institution.
Graduate teaching assistantships
Some universities in Canada offer their PhD students contracts as graduate teaching assistants. As the name suggests, these arrangements require you to complete a certain amount of teaching (usually as an undergraduate tutor) during your PhD. In return, you’ll be paid a salary and / or have some of your doctoral fees waived by the university.
This work can be personally rewarding (as well as financially rewarding) and will enhance your CV for future academic positions, or other jobs that involve teaching. However, a GTA position will place extra demands on your time. It’s a good idea to establish just what these will be in advance.
PhD funding guides
There’s plenty of support out there for you to complete a doctorate in Canada (or elsewhere). Our PhD funding guides will help you make sense of your options.
Applying for a PhD in Canada
The University offers an Integrated Master’s and PhD program which allows students to seamlessly transition from undergraduate studies into graduate work without having to complete an additional master’s degree before beginning their PhD. This program provides students with many advantages including:
- Saving one year of time
- Saving money for tuition for one year
- Opportunity to develop more advanced research skills and knowledge during their undergraduate studies
Most Canadian universities organise their PhDs within doctoral programmes run by their graduate schools and its here that you’ll normally apply. Some universities will have separate graduate schools for different subject areas; others may just have one large school administering all of their advanced degree programmes.
The minimum requirement for a PhD in Canada will normally be a Masters degree in a related subject. Unlike in the UK and USA it is relatively rare to go straight from undergraduate study to a doctorate. Some universities may allow you to do so, but will normally extend the length of your PhD to accommodate additional Masters-level training.
Admission to a Canadian doctoral programme can be quite competitive. Students will often progress through classes and modules together and graduate schools may only have places for a certain number in each year’s cohort.
This means that your previous academic attainment will probably be examined quite closely.
In particular, you will usually be asked to provide a Grade Point Average (GPA) score instead of just submitting your final degree result. GPA is the system used in the USA and Canada (as well as some other countries) but is less common in the UK and Europe. It provides a more nuanced representation of your overall performance across a course of study.
Don’t worry if your previous universities didn’t use a GPA system: it’s possible to convert most other grades into a GPA. The following table provides a rough guide to GPA equivalents for UK degree honours:
|UK % grade||UK result||Approximate GPA|
|70+||1st / Distinction||4.0|
|60 – 69||2.1 / Merit||3.0 – 3.3|
|50 – 59||2.2 / Pass||2.7 – 3.0|
|40 – 49||3rd / Pass||2.0 – 2.3|
|30 – 39||Unclassified||1.0|
You’ll normally need a GPA of 3.0 or higher for admission to a Canadian PhD programme.
Graduate admissions tests
You may also be asked to provide a score from a Graduate Records Examination (GRE) or Graduate Management Admissions Test (GMAT) exam as part of your application. This allows universities to assess applicants’ suitability for advanced graduate work and potentially decide between candidates with similarly good academic records.
Specific requirements (and expected scores) will vary between universities and graduate schools, so check in advance.
What are Graduate Admissions Tests
Though they aren’t commonly used in countries like the UK, tests like the GRE and GMAT are sometimes used to assess applicants for postgraduate study in the USA, Canada and elsewhere. Our guide explains how they work and what they involve.
You’ll have the option of completing a Canadian PhD in either English or French, depending on which province you choose to study in. English is the most common language of instruction, but universities in Québec will normally teach in French, as will some in New Brunswick.
Whichever language you choose to study in, you’ll need to demonstrate that you’re sufficiently proficient in it to complete a PhD. If you’re a native French or English speaker or have already studied at university-level in either language that will normally be sufficient. Otherwise, you’ll need to complete a language test and submit the score as part of your application.
Our guides introduce some of the common English language tests and French language tests that are suitable for PhD study, but you should always check which system your university prefers
There are normally two routes to applying for a Canadian PhD:
- Find an advertised project and apply for it. Many projects will already have a scholarship or stipend attached and will be looking for the ideal candidate, rather like a conventional job opportunity.
- Apply to a university’s doctoral programme with your own research project. The first step in this case is usually to identify a suitable supervisor and / or research group and contact them to discuss your interest. You may need to apply for funding separately.
Depending on the kind of opportunity you apply for, you’ll normally need to provide the university or graduate school with the following:
- Details (and evidence) of your previous study and qualifications. As well as confirmation of your final result (and GPA), Canadian universities may ask to see transcripts of your Bachelors and Masters, including information on your specific modules and grades. Your previous university(ies) should be able to provide this, but you’ll need to give them enough time.
- Information on your project details and plans. If you’re suggesting your own topic you will normally need to submit a research proposal for it. If you’re applying for an advertised opportunity you may be asked to provide a personal statement explaining your academic interests and ambitions.
- Two letters of recommendation. These will serve as your academic references and should therefore be provided by tutors or instructors who know your work at undergraduate or postgraduate level. Make sure to check that these people are happy to serve as your referees and give them plenty of notice.
- Evidence of test scores for any language tests or graduate admissions exams you’ve been asked to complete.
Be sure to check the specific requirements at your graduate school (or ask the supervisor you’re applying to work with).
Specific deadlines for Canadian PhD applications will often be set by graduate schools. Actual dates will vary, but you should generally apply in the spring for an autumn start, or vice versa. Make sure to allow enough time to put together all of your application materials (and sort your visa, if you need one).
Universities in Canada may arrange a PhD interview to evaluate your application and potential or get to know you better. If so, you may be given the opportunity to conduct your interview via Skype, or a similar video conferencing platform.
What happens during a PhD interview?
Your interview for a PhD in Canada will follow a fairly standard format (even if the actual process takes place online). Our guides explain what happens at a PhD interview and look at some of the questions you might be asked.
Canada is a friendly and welcoming country with an active interest in attracting international students. This is reflected in its student visa and immigration system.
You’ll normally need two documents to enter Canada as a student and remain there during your PhD: an electronic travel authorisation and a study permit.
Applying for a Study Permit
As its name suggests, a study permit entitles you to live (and study!) in Canada during a course. The Permit lasts for the duration of your PhD, plus an extra 90 days (giving you time to arrange travel or apply for a post-study work visa once your course is finished).
You should normally apply for a Study Permit in your home country before you travel to Canada. You can begin the process online, but may need to take your passport and other information to a Canadian visa office. You’ll need a letter of acceptance from your university before you can apply (a good reason to start your PhD application early).
Students from China, India, Vietnam or the Philippines can apply through a special Student Direct Stream for faster processing.
Applying for an Electronic Travel Authorisation (eTA)
Most international students will need permission to enter Canada. You can get this by applying for an Electronic Travel Authorisation (eTA). This serves as your visa and allows you to come into Canada.
The application process for an eTA is relatively simple and takes place online. You will need to provide your passport details and payment information for a fee of CAD $7 (USD $5.35).
Note that your eTA allows you to enter Canada, but does not entitle you to live there for the duration of your PhD. To do that you will need to have applied for your Study Permit (described above).
There is more information on applying to live and study in Canada on the official Government of Canada website.
Excellent universities and cosmopolitan culture make Canada a great place to pursue a doctorate, but the country could also become your longer-term home.
Can I work in Canada after my PhD?
Yes. As a PhD graduate you’ll be a great candidate for a range of jobs in higher education, research and other areas. What’s more, Canada will be very keen to keep you and its post-study visa system is designed to make that option as attractive as possible.
Canada’s post-graduation work permit (PGWP) allows international graduates from its universities to live and work in Canada for up to three years after completing a doctorate.
You’ll need to have studied for your PhD full-time and have successfully completed your programme. The fee is normally CAD $255 (USD $195) and the processing time is approximately 56 days for an online application.
There is more information on the Government of Canada website.
Once you have a PGWP you may be able to apply for permanent residence and eventually even Canadian citizenship