How to study aerospace engineering

Last Updated on January 17, 2023

In this article, we will explain what you need to know about what it is like to study aerospace engineering and how it is different from other engineering fields. Read on for the essential facts about studying aerospace engineering and what careers you could have if you decide to pursue a degree in this field of study.

Right here on College learners, you are privy to a litany of relevant information on aerospace engineering degree requirements, what do aerospace engineers do, and so much more. Take out time to visit our catalog for more information on similar topics.

Aerospace Engineering: Career Scope, Courses and Job Scenario

How to study aerospace engineering

Aerospace Engineering is a branch of Engineering that provides skills and knowledge to design, manufacture and maintain spacecrafts, aircrafts, missiles and weapons systems. A large part of Aerospace Engineering consists of Mechanical Engineering covering a wide range of topics, including computer application, structures, mathematics, physics, drafting, electricity, robotics, aeronautics etc. It also covers two aspects of engineering, namely Aeronautical Engineering and Astronomical Engineering.

Aerospace Engineering is considered to among the toughest branches of engineering that has carved its niche among the students. However, once completed this course gives ‘wings’ to your career taking it to new heights. 

Here’s an overview of Aerospace Engineering for aspirants who wish to make a career in this field.

Aerospace Engineering: Required Skill Set

Aerospace Engineering is a highly specialised technical field that requires overall excellence in mathematical, calculative and observational skills. Research in this field takes years to be completed thus, resilience and persistence are important. Here are a few essential qualities/skills you would require to be a successful Aerospace Engineer:

Required Skill Set For Aerospace Engineering 
Excellent academic background in Science streamStrong analytical and mathematical skills
Creativity and innovativeness in product designingEye for detail
Ability to work under pressure and for long hoursScientific acumen
Physical staminaAbility to work in a team and be able to lead a team

Aerospace Engineering Eligibility Criteria

An Aerospace Engineering aspirant must meet the minimum eligibility criteria to be able to pursue the course. Check the minimum eligibility criteria for Aerospace Engineering below:

  • Minimum eligibility criteria for pursuing Aerospace Engineering is passing higher secondary or Class 12 with a minimum of 60 per cent marks (55 per cent marks for SC/ST) in Science stream (Physics, Chemistry and Maths)
  • Aerospace Engineering is most of the degree courses are offered at post-graduate level. For this, the candidate is required to have 60 per cent marks (55 per cent marks for SC/ST) in Bachelor’s degree (BE/B Tech or equivalent)
  • For admission to post-graduate and Doctoral programmes and research, GATE score is required
  • Candidates with three-four year degree in Engineering, technical diploma, five-year Architecture,  Postgraduates in Mathematics/Science/Statistics/Computer Applications are also eligible to pursue Aerospace Engineering
  • If one aspires to join National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in the United States (US), they must be informed that NASA recommends a degree in a variety of disciplines, including Biomedical Engineering, Ceramic Engineering, Chemistry, Industrial Engineering, Materials Engineering, Metallurgy, Optical Engineering, and Oceanography. PhD is highly recommended for those who want to join NASA.

Aerospace Engineering Syllabus

The Aerospace Engineering programme is essentially a BTech programme which is spread over four academic years. Any Aerospace Engineering course comprises the following subjects/topics:

Aerospace Engineering: Syllabus
AerodynamicsFlight Mechanics
Aerospace PropulsionIncompressible Fluid Mechanics
Aerospace Structural MechanicsIntroduction to Aerospace Engineering
Aircraft DesignSpaceflight Mechanics
Aircraft PropulsionThermodynamics and Propulsion

Aerospace Engineering Job Profiles

Aerospace Engineers design spacecraft, aircraft, missiles and weapons systems. In addition, they are also responsible for assembling, maintaining and ensuring they function properly at all times. Some specialise in other important equipment such as air guidance systems, guidance control systems, propulsions, etc.

Duties of an Aerospace Engineer include:

  • Developing new technologies for use in spacecraft, aviation and defense systems
  • Designing, assembling and testing of aircraft and aerospace products
  • Examine damage or malfunction in an equipment to find our possible reason and offer solution
  • Assessing cost and feasibility of new projects proposed to be undertaken
  • Determining quality standard acceptance criteria for design methods, quality standards, sustainment after delivery, and completion dates
  • Evaluating that the project or the product meets engineering principles, safety norms, customer requirements and environmental challenges
  • Manufacturing aircraft and individual components in coordination with the design team.
  • Aerospace Engineers take on specialised areas of functioning such as software engineering, structural engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical and electronic engineering, for automation and guidance purposes, aerodynamics or propulsion systems.

Aerospace Engineers specialise in two types of Engineering: Aeronautical and Astronomical.

Aeronautical Engineer: An Aeronautical Engineer works on aircrafts and its components.

Astronomical Engineer: An Astronomical Engineer works specifically on spacecraft and related technologies.

Aerospace Engineering Top Recruiters

Aerospace Engineering is an ever evolving field, adopting new technology for further development in production and functioning of aircrafts and spacecrafts. Earlier the space was dominated by government organisations, but with the entry of many private players, opportunities in this industry are growing more and more. Listed below are a few organisations that hire Aerospace Engineers in various capacities.

  • Indian Space Research Organisations (ISRO)
  • Hindustan Aeronautical Limited (HAL)
  • National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL)
  • Defence Research And Development Organisation (DRDO)

Private companies that hire Aerospace Engineers for their aircraft related projects are: Airbus, Boeing, Goodrich, GE.

FAQs Regarding Aerospace Engineering

How can I become an aerospace engineer?

Students need to pass class 12 with PCM subjects and then do a course in B.Tech aerospace engineering to become aerospace engineer.

What is the duration of course in aerospace engineering?

The duration of bachelor course in aerospace engineering is four years.

What subjects are required in class 12 to become aerospace engineer?

Students need to have Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics in class 12 to become aerospace engineer.

Which college is best for aerospace engineering?

IIT Kharagpur, IIT Hyderabadm MIT Pune are some of Indian Institute of Astrophyiscs are some of the best institutes for aerospace engineering.

Can I join ISRO after doing aerospace engineering?

For joining ISRO, students have to qualify the exam which is conducted every year. The recruitment for aerospace engineer in ISRO is also through entrance test.

What are the jobs for aerospace engineer?

Aerospace engineer can work as Aircraft or space craft designer/engineer, military aerospace engineer, aerospace technician, mechanical engineer.

Which is better in Aeronautical and Aerospace engineering?

If you want to work in the aircraft building industry then aerospace engineering is the right course for you. However, if you look forward to work in the space industry, then aeronautical engineering is the right branch.

Is aerospace engineering a good career?

Aerospace enginering is a good career option. Students can work with the ISRO, NASA, DRDO, HAL, NAL, MRO, etc. and the salary pay scale for the Aeronautical Engineer is too good.

What is the fees for aerospace engineering?

The fees for doing course in aerospace engineering vary from colleges to colleges and may range between Rs 3 lakh to 5 lakh per year.

Do aerospace engineer fly the flights?

No, aerospace engineers are not pilots and flights are made to fly only by the pilots.

How difficult is aerospace engineering?

The course in aerospace engineering is of four years/ eight semesters and include subjects of Physics and Maths.

A Look at Aerospace Engineering Salaries Worldwide

aerospace engineering degree requirements

What Does an Aerospace Engineer Do?

Aerospace Engineers design aircraft, spacecraft, missiles, and other airborne objects. Creating prototypes of these designs and testing them is also a primary part of the job. They may also evaluate the designs of other engineers to ensure that the idea meets certain ethical, safety, and environmental standards. It is not unusual for Aerospace Engineers to oversee the building process as well, ensuring that proper deadlines are met. Typically an Aerospace Engineers specializes in either aeronautical or astronautical design, which will determine whether they work with aircraft or spacecraft.

After gaining more experience in the field, overseeing and directing these processes may also be required. Aerospace Engineers often collaborate with engineers or construction specialists during the designing and building process.

Where Does an Aerospace Engineer Work?

Aerospace Engineers spend most of their time in an office setting working with advanced computer equipment and sophisticated programs. At times, an Aerospace Engineer may find themselves working in a manufacturing environment so they can oversee the construction and implementation of a design.

Aerospace Engineers work full-time on regular schedules. However, managing larger projects can require overtime hours, particularly when deadlines are approaching.

What Is the Average Aerospace Engineer Salary?

Aerospace Engineers earn a median salary of $118,610. The lowest 10% make around $72,770, while the highest 10% earned around $171,220. Managerial positions often result in a pay grade.*

Most Aerospace Engineers work for aerospace parts manufacturers, with smaller percentages working for private research facilities and engineering firms.

What Is the Job Demand for Aerospace Engineers?

The job demand for Aerospace Engineers is expected to increase by 8% between 2020 and 2030. Aircraft will be continually required for national defense purposes. In addition, increased interest in environmental safety will demand that plans be restructured to increase fuel efficiency.

Aerospace Engineering Jobs & Job Description

Recent Aerospace Engineering Job Listings

Use the search box below to find all the aerospace engineer job listings in our job board.Post to and 100+ Job Boards with One Submission With appropriate qualifications and experience, aerospace engineers will rise to the challenges that their job places on them. In order to meet the demands of the role, aerospace engineer applicants must be able to fulfill the following and similar tasks depending on their specific branch of work and employer:

  • Provide highly technical expertise and guidance to non-engineers in solving complex engineering problems
  • Work with a holistic mindset to develop and troubleshoot all phases of hardware development, integration, implementation, analysis and evaluations
  • Perform modeling and prediction using statistical tools and computational analyses, and creativity
  • Develop standards and guidelines for tasks, which use the hardware in question
  • Research, design, develop, and test structures, propulsion units, and guidance and control subsystems for aircraft, missiles, or spacecraft
  • Analyze aerospace product or equipment specifications and performance requirements to determine designs, which can be produced by existing manufacturing or processing facilities and methods
  • Evaluate new technologies for application to aerospace systems
  • Plan, coordinate, direct, and evaluate testing of aerospace systems

Senior aerospace engineering jobs are more likely to involve managerial elements like:

  • Aircraft development and manufacturing processes
  • Risk assessment of aerospace systems
  • Create risk mitigation plans and strategies
  • Engineering team communication and performance, timelines, expenditures, and team cohesion
  • Certification submissions
  • Create and deliver presentations to work group(s), customers, and external business contacts.
  • Establish a leadership role in industry-related activities

What Are the Education Requirements to Become an Aerospace Engineer?

Aerospace Engineers require at least a Bachelor’s degree to enter into the field, typically in aerospace engineering. Some university programs offer 5-year programs that allow students to earn a bachelor’s and master’s degree at the same time. All Aerospace Engineering programs are accredited by the ABET.

Though entry-level positions do not require licensure, more advanced Aerospace Engineering programs will likely demand a Professional Engineer (PE) license. Though the requirements vary by state, most require an accredited engineering degree, work experience, and passing performance on both the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam and the Professional Engineering Exam.

Acquiring a managerial position in Aerospace Engineering often requires extensive work experience and shadowing a senior Aerospace Engineer.

Aerospace Engineering Jobs | Chegg CareerMatch

what do aerospace engineers do


Quick Facts: Aerospace Engineers
2020 Median Pay$118,610 per year
$57.02 per hour
Typical Entry-Level EducationBachelor’s degree
Work Experience in a Related OccupationNone
On-the-job TrainingNone
Number of Jobs, 202061,400
Job Outlook, 2020-308% (As fast as average)
Employment Change, 2020-305,100

What Aerospace Engineers Do

Aerospace engineers design primarily aircraft, spacecraft, satellites, and missiles.

Work Environment

Aerospace engineers are employed in industries whose workers design or build aircraft, missiles, systems for national defense, or spacecraft. Aerospace engineers are employed primarily in manufacturing, analysis and design, research and development, and the federal government. 

How to Become an Aerospace Engineer

Aerospace engineers must have a bachelor’s degree in aerospace engineering or another field of engineering or science related to aerospace systems. Aerospace engineers who work on projects that are related to national defense may need a security clearance.


The median annual wage for aerospace engineers was $118,610 in May 2020.

Job Outlook

Employment of aerospace engineers is projected to grow 8 percent from 2020 to 2030, about as fast as the average for all occupations.

About 4,000 openings for aerospace engineers are projected each year, on average, over the decade. Many of those openings are expected to result from the need to replace workers who transfer to different occupations or exit the labor force, such as to retire.

State & Area Data

Explore resources for employment and wages by state and area for aerospace engineers.

Similar Occupations

Compare the job duties, education, job growth, and pay of aerospace engineers with similar occupations.

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