How To Become A Web Developer

Many people today are seeking How to Become a Web Developer, web developer salary and how long does it take to become a web developer because of the high demand for web developers that companies have. This article will provide you with all the information you require and more. You will also find related to web developer courses .

This article aims to serve as a guide with advice and instruction on how someone looking to become a web developer can go about it. There are many steps you will need to go through in order to become a full-fledged professional Web developer. The first and most important step is making sure that you have the right skills and mindset before embarking on this long journey. In the article, we will show you what these skills are plus give guidelines on how you may acquire them.

What is Web Development?

Web development is the process of building websites and applications for the internet, or for a private network known as an intranet. Web development is not concerned with the design of a website; rather, it’s all about the coding and programming that powers the website’s functionality.

From the most simple, static web pages to social media platforms and apps, from ecommerce websites to content management systems (CMS); all the tools we use via the internet on a daily basis have been built by web developers.

Web development can be broken down into three layers: client-side coding (frontend), server-side coding (backend) and database technology.

Client-side

Client-side scripting, or frontend development, refers to everything that the end user experiences directly. Client-side code executes in a web browser and directly relates to what people see when they visit a website. Things like layout, fonts, colours, menus and contact forms are all driven by the frontend.

Server-side

Server-side scripting, or backend development, is all about what goes on behind the scenes. The backend is essentially the part of a website that the user doesn’t actually see. It is responsible for storing and organizing data, and ensuring that everything on the client-side runs smoothly. It does this by communicating with the frontend. Whenever something happens on the client-side — say, a user fills out a form — the browser sends a request to the server-side. The server-side “responds” with relevant information in the form of frontend code that the browser can then interpret and display.

Database technology

Websites also rely on database technology. The database contains all the files and content that are necessary for a website to function, storing it in such a way that makes it easy to retrieve, organize, edit and save. The database runs on a server, and most websites typically use some form of relational database management system (RDBMS).

To summarize: the frontend, backend and database technology all work together to build and run a fully functional website or application, and these three layers form the foundation of web development.

How To Become A Web Developer

Front-end developers (also known as client-side development) use a variety of programming languages and frameworks such as HTML, CSS and JavaScript to build the exterior look and features of a site. Back-end developers use programming languages such as Python and Ruby to design, build and integrate applications from front-end development into the back end—in other words, they make the features on the site operate. Individuals with skills in both front- and back-end development are known as “full-stack developers.”

STEP 1: PICK THE SKILLS YOU NEED TO WORK IN WEB DEVELOPMENT

Web developer jobs are typically skill-based (as opposed to requiring credentials like a tech-specific bachelor’s degree or even an associate’s degree), which means if you have the skills, you can do the job. Step one then on the road to web development: identify exactly what those skills are.

In doing so, it’s important to note there are two categories of web developer jobs: front-end development and back-end development.

FRONT END WEB DEVELOPMENT SKILLS

  • HTML
  • CSS
  • JavaScript

Front-end developers work with the visual parts of a website that users see and interact with through their web browser. According to Ana Martínez, Front-End Developer at digital production studio Commite Inc., there’s a trifecta of coding languages that serve as a backbone for any front-end developer career.

HTML and CSS are markup languages used to define the parts of a web page and their style (font, colors, layout) respectively. Meanwhile, JavaScript is a scripting language used to control dynamic content on a webpage like scrolling video, animated graphics, and interactive maps. A working grasp of these three languages is enough to start doing paid work in the web development field.

BACK END WEB-DEVELOPMENT SKILLS

  • HTML
  • CSS
  • JavaScript / NodeJS
  • Ruby / Ruby on Rails

Back-end programming deals with the “under the hood” aspects of websites—things like writing code to request and fetch data from databases and then to display data that contains HTML, CSS, and JavaScript content. Common skills used for back end development include web frameworks (collections of pre-written code that developers can use for repetitive tasks) like Ruby on Rails and NodeJS (as well as the languages those frameworks are built on—Ruby and JavaScript).

While these skills are the the necessary basics for starting out in either front-end or back-end web development, Martínez stresses that your personal approach and motivation is just as important as your skills. As in any career, Martínez says, it’s imperative for successful web developers to show initiative when it comes to learning and taking on new challenges, but also to genuinely enjoy their work.

STEP 2: GET AN EDUCATION

No specific degree or educational path exists for careers in web development, and it’s possible to become a web developer with or without a formal education. While it’s certainly possible to learn coding languages independently, there is more to web development than coding. Individuals who can implement coding skills within a broader context may have an advantage, and that’s where a formal education can help prospective developers gain foundational knowledge of web development principles and practices, expose them to project management and situations that require problem-solving, and encourage critical thinking.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, an associate degree is the most common minimum educational requirement for employment. However, Robert Half Technology notes that a bachelor’s degree in computer science or a related field is traditionally necessary for career advancement. More recently, coding boot camps such as Code Academy and App Academy have emerged as short-term, intensive training options for students to gain career-specific coding skills that can boost their chances for employment.

STEP 3: PRACTICE YOUR CODING SKILLS

Web developers learn by doing. Set up a Github account and push code to the site. An active Github profile can get the attention of employers searching through stacks of resumes, and demonstrates not only what a candidate does to solve programming issues, but also the thinking and strategies behind those solutions. Practicing coding and getting used to using Git prepares developers to work as part of a team, as well as manage complicated site and application builds.

STEP 4: DEVELOP TECHNICAL SKILLS

Despite the real advantages that come with an organized education, web development is still a field in which concrete skills can trump education when it comes to employment opportunities. Companies want employees who can produce, and how or where something was learned is secondary to simply being able to do it. Prospective web developers should have expertise in the three core programming components: HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. They should also learn about CSS and CSS frameworks such as Backbone, Bootstrap, and Foundation. Finally, to build applications, developers should be proficient in back-end languages such as Ruby, Java, PHP and tools such as Oracle and SQL Server.

STEP 5: LAUNCH AN ONLINE PORTFOLIO

Employers want to see results, such as current examples of successful site and application builds. With a portfolio, developers can test new technologies and tools, as well as demonstrate their coding talent and technical capabilities. Standout portfolios can help candidates clear that crucial first hurdle: landing a job interview.

STEP 6: FIND THE RIGHT WEB DEVELOPER JOB FOR YOU

Once you’ve built up a solid web developer skill set, it’s time to think about what kind of work you want to do—do you want a regular job as a developer for an established company, or are you better suited to starting a freelancing business and being your own boss?

There are pros and cons to freelancing and going full-time, and the path you choose needs to be informed by what you want out of a web development career. The main point to keep in mind, though, is that either style of employment is totally possible for web developers.

CONSIDER FREELANCE WORK

If you’re transitioning from a more traditional 9-5 office job, freelancing might sound like a stretch, but Odelya Holiday, Developer at photo and video editing app company Lightricks, says that—while it’s not only possible to make money as a freelance web developer—in her experience web developers are more likely to be employed as freelancers than employed by a single company.

WHAT DOES A WEB DEVELOPER DO?

How to become a web developer: the complete guide | Classpert

WEB DEVELOPMENT BASICS

Web developers are responsible for designing and developing websites and website applications. Using a variety of programming languages and web technologies, web developers manage site functionality, implement application features, and integrate security measures.WEB DEVELOPMENT IN-DEPTH

Web developers have expertise in object-oriented programming, multiplatform development, and the building of web applications. They blend creative vision with project management skills to plan, design and build websites and integrated applications. Because of the complex nature of websites, developers traditionally specialize in one of two tracks: front-end or back-end development.

Front-end developers (also known as client-side development) use a variety of programming languages and frameworks such as HTML, CSS and JavaScript to build the exterior look and features of a site. Back-end developers use programming languages such as Python and Ruby to design, build and integrate applications from front-end development into the back end—in other words, they make the features on the site operate. Individuals with skills in both front- and back-end development are known as “full-stack developers.”

how long does it take to become a web developer?

 It takes around 5 to 6 months to learn web development from scratch. This is if you spend a few hours studying every day. Some people learn in just a few months.1

web developer salary

How to become a web developer: Data Proven Guide to Success

Web development salaries have steadily been on the rise during the past five years and are projected to continue increasing. Robert Half Technology estimates earnings for web development professionals will increase by an average of approximately 5.6 percent in 2016:

OCCUPATION2016 SALARY INCREASE
Senior Web Developer5.7%
Web Developer5.8%
Front-End Web Developer6.1%
Web Administrator4.5%
Web Designer6.0%
E-Commerce Analyst5.7%

Specialized skill sets also impact potential earnings according to Robert Half Technology. Based on a review of salary data, the company projects that web developers with in-demand skills can see upward of a nine percent increase in annual salaries.

SKILL SETSALARY INCREASE
SharePoint9%
Virtualization8%
Web Services8%
C#7%
LAMP7%
.NET7%
PHP7%
Content management system6%
Java6%
Ruby on Rails6%
Java EE/J2EE5%
Python5%
ASP4%
AJAX3%
Cold Fusion3%
DCOM/COM/ActiveX3%

Overall, the salaries for web developers range from approximately $60,000 to more than $125,000. This range is due to a number of factors, such as experience, location, and field of practice. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports the national median salary at $63,490, while Robert Half Technology’s survey places median salaries substantially higher, at $97,750.

web developer courses

1. Become a Web Developer by Codecademy

Codecademy offers self-guided tutorials for beginners to help you learn the basics of web development. It provides you with an in-browser, self-contained development environment where you can learn the fundamental structures of front-end languages like HTML and CSS, before moving on to back-end languages such as Ruby on Rails and Python. One of the most popular online courses in web development, 45 million people use Codecademy as of April 2020.

Quick Facts:

Duration: 30 weeks

Certificate: For Career Path version

Cost: Free for 7-day trial; after that, $39.99/month

Requirements: No prerequisite skills required

Difficulty: Beginner

 

What Will You Learn?

  • Full-Stack, including tools like HTML and React, as well as JavaScript libraries such
  • How to build A web app, including API
  • Back-end languages: Ruby on Rails and Python
  • Front-end languages: HTML, CSS

2. Computer Programming by Khan Academy

Khan Academy is one of the most extensive free web development courses out there. Students can access free course modules with detailed information slides, video tutorials,  and “challenges” to apply their new skills. Throughout the course, experts provide audio and video guidance on each topic.

The Computer Programming web development course embodies many different topics, like intro modules and advanced modules about HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

Khan Academy is world-renowned for its commitment to providing excellent education for everyone, as every program is free.

Quick Facts:

Duration: Self-paced

Certificate: No

Cost: Completely Free!

Requirements: No prerequisite skills required

Difficulty: Beginner

What Will You Learn?

  • Drawing & Animation
  • Making webpages with HTML and CSS
  • Querying and managing data with SQL
  • Games & Visualizations with Advanced JavaScript
  • Natural Simulations with Advanced JavaScript
  • Making webpages interactive with HTML and Javascript
  • Making webpages interactive with jQuery, HTML, and JavaScript

3. eDx: Introduction to Computer Science and Programming Using Python

One of the best technical schools in the United States, MIT offers an abundance of self-guided courses. The MIT OpenCourseware program provides an incredible breadth of topics to learn about, including hundreds of courses relating to programming, development, mathematics, and computer engineering.

This is a great option for students who want to learn about a breadth web development course instead of an in-depth look at one or two principles or topics. This eDx course by MIT offers a brief introduction to many computer science topics and is taught by MIT professors and lecturers of computer science and engineering.

Although the certificate option has a cost, students can enjoy MIT instruction for free with the audit version of this course. This is great for enhancing your practical skills and building a portfolio, even if you can’t add the certificate to your resume.

Quick Facts:

Duration: 9 weeks; 14-16 hours per week

Certificate: No

Cost: Completely Free without certificate; $75 with certificate

Requirements: Background in mathematics and programming preferred, but students without a programming background can get by with more effort

Difficulty: Intermediate

What Will You Learn?

4. Programming for Everybody by Coursera & University of Michigan

Coursera offers tons of online courses from a variety of universities around the world, which are both free and paid. Each class varies slightly in format and timeline, but numerous courses are available for programming, development, and computer science to get a taste.

Courser’s Python course is one of the special free online web development courses with certificates! You can enroll for free and receive a certificate upon completion.

In this course, students learn how to program computers with the Python programming language. The textbook “Python for Everybody,” informs the course content and teaches you how to write your first program with Python. Amongst Python basics, students learn core programming tools like functions and loops, as well as how to store and retrieve information with variables. Finally, the course is taught by a professor of the University of Michigan’s School of Information, Charles Severance.

Quick Facts:

Duration: 7 weeks; 2-4 hours per week

Certificate: Yes

Cost: Completely Free without certificate; $75 with certificate

Requirements: Basic math

Difficulty: Intermediate

What Will You Learn?

  • Purpose of programming
  • How to install and use Python
  • Functions, loops, and iterations
  • Variables and expressions

5. Learn Web Development by Mozilla

The team behind the Firefox web browser, Mozilla has created an incredible resource for developers of all levels and expertise via the Mozilla Developer Network (MDN). MDN offers structured articles, resources, and tutorials for students interested in not necessarily becoming an expert in web development, but who want to get comfortable with the field.

This course is especially great for students who learn by reading, as there’s a lot of text to get through! MDN covers various basics and advanced topics in consecutive order, allowing students the flexibility to self-study and take assessments throughout.

Something unique about the MDN web development courses is the focus on accessibility. Many web developers must consider accessibility in their code, especially if they work for public sector organizations like nonprofits and government agencies.

Quick Facts:

Duration: Self-paced

Certificate: No

Cost: Completely Free

Requirements: No prerequisites

Difficulty: Beginner

What Will You Learn?

  • HTML basics, hyperlinks, formatting, debugging, creating basic web pages
  • CSS styling and layout
  • JavaScript objects and web APIs
  • Accessibility on the web
  • Tools and Testing like Angular, GitHub, Ember, and Vue
  • One module about Python

6. JavaScript Algorithms and Data Structures by freeCodeCamp

freeCodeCamp is a free, no-frills educational resource for people interested in learning how to code. They offer many free courses with free certificates, but we’ll focus on this specialization on JavaScript for our best web development courses list.

Students with a fundamental understanding of HTML and CSS will love this focus on JavaScript, to help them learn how to make a web page interactive. After learning JavaScript basics, students can practice their code right on the freeCodeCamp platform by creating algorithms and manipulating strings.

Quick Facts:

Duration: Self-paced

Certificate: Yes

Cost: Completely Free!

Requirements: Basic understanding of HTML and CSS

Difficulty: Intermediate

What You Will Learn

  • Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) and Functional Programming (FP)
  • Basic data structures
  • ECMAScript
  • Functions and loops
  • Regular expressions
  • Algorithmic scripting
  • How to create a telephone validator, palindrome checker, and roman numeral converter as final projects before certification

7. CS50’s: Introduction to Computer Science

Kickstart your career as a web developer with one of the only Ivy League-taught web development courses on our list! Taught by Harvard professor of Computer Science, David J. Malan, this course is a perfect choice for beginners. Students will learn introductory content in various markup and programming languages like Python, HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, and more.

Quick Facts:

Duration: 12 weeks; 6-18 hours per week

Certificate: Yes

Cost: Free, with option to upgrade

Requirements: No prerequisites

DifficultyBeginner

What Will You Learn?

  • Fundamentals of computer science and programming
  • Problem-solving and analytical thinking skills
  • Data structures, security, abstraction, software engineering, web development
  • Overview of languages like C, Python, HTML, CSS & Javascript

8. HTML, CSS, Javascript for the Web Developers

Yaakov Chaikin, a professor of computer science at John Hopkins University, teaches this top-rated Coursera course.

The course introduces the essential tools for web development with a focus on modern trends, like web compatibility with desktops and mobiles, as well as quick loading. Chaikin covers many different topics like building modern web pages with HTML and CSS and how to build an adequate web application with JavaScript.

Quick Facts:

Duration: 5 weeks; 5-11 hours per week

Certificate: Option

Cost: Free, but certificate at a cost

Requirements: No prerequisites

Difficulty: Beginner

What Will You Learn?

  • HTML5
  • CSS3, CSS frameworks
  • Twitter Bootstrap Framework
  • Coding a website for both mobile and desktop
  • Coding for automatic page rearrangement
  • Javascript
  • AJAX

9. The Web Developer Bootcamp 2022

This is Udemy’s most popular web development course, revamped from the 2022 version to include an additional 60 hours of new content. This course is excellent for beginners that want to fast-track their way into a career in web development. In fact, the course instructor boasts that 94% of his students move on to obtaining full-time jobs in web development. Considering the course is suitable for beginners and only costs $16.99, that’s a pretty good return on investment!

Since it’s a longer course, students should be prepared to commit to studying hard and dedicating a solid amount of time each week to progress. You’ll learn a myriad of concepts, tools, and topics including HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, SQL databases, concepts about security, how to deploy apps, and much more.

Quick Facts:

Duration: 63 hours

Certificate: Yes

Cost: $16.99

Requirements: No prerequisites

Difficulty: Beginner

What Will You Learn?

  • Introduction to front-end and back-end
  • Essentials, Forms, and Tables with HTML
  • CS basics, properties, and frameworks
  • Functions and loops with JavaScript
  • Up-to-date trends and features with JavaScript
  • Authentication
  • Maps and Images
  • Building web apps
  • Manipulating DOM with vanilla JS and jQuery
  • Full-stack web application creation

You can sign up here.

10. Modern HTML + CSS for Beginners

If you want to code like the professionals at Netflix, Apple, and Event Brite, take this course. All of the above companies offer it to their employees, signaling trust in the course amongst top businesses. The course page assures compatibility for beginners and advanced developers, but we recommend having a bit of a programming background before tackling this specialized course, as it focuses on some of the more advanced functions of HTML and CSS like CSS Grid and Flexbox.

Quick Facts:

Duration: 20 hr

Certificate: Yes

Cost: $10.99

Requirements: No prerequisites

Difficulty: For everyone, beginner to advanced; however, we recommend at least a basic understanding of HTML and CSS

What You Will Learn

  • HTML and CSS basics, including variables and units (rem, em, vh, vw, etc.)
  • How to build websites and UI Projects
  • Hosting and web development
  • Animation
  • Introduction to website functions
  • Sass Pre-compiler with portfolio project

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