How To Become A Chemical Engineer

Chemical engineers are responsible for carrying out the demands of the business, in some product and production companies, a chemical engineer should ensure that the client or customer is provided with the best quality product. A chemical engineer should ensure that you clean up all the material and avoid any kind of harm caused to the environment by this process

Becoming a chemical engineer involves several steps, including completing high school, earning a bachelor’s degree in chemical engineering, working approximately four years with an engineering firm or the military, and taking and passing the Fundamentals of Engineering Exam.  Chemical engineers work to ensure that everyone has clean air and water. These engineers use their love of science to help solve some of our world’s most challenging problems.

what do chemical engineers do?

A chemical engineer influences various areas of technology by thinking of and designing processes for producing, transforming, and transporting materials. Before a chemical engineer brings these materials to full scale production, there is plenty of experimentation in the laboratory.

Many chemical engineers work in manufacturing, designing machines and plants. It is their job to ensure that the processes run smoothly and in the most economical manner possible. Oftentimes, these types of jobs have the title of process engineer. Chemical engineers are behind the creations and manufacturing of a wide range of products, such as plastics, paper, dyes, medicines, polymers, fertilizers, petrochemicals, and even many foods.

Energy and oil industries have always needed chemical engineers, but other job opportunities are growing even more. The demand for increased energy efficient and alternative energy sources is keeping chemical engineers with plenty of work to do.

Another growing field for chemical engineers is environmental engineering. Whether they are working on ways to clean up or prevent pollution, safely dispose of toxic waste, or manage a sewage treatment plant, there is no shortage of opportunities for a chemical engineer to work in environmental science. In fact, many companies hire chemical engineers to fill their positions in environmental engineering.

Careers in biotechnology and pharmaceuticals are also very abundant for chemical engineers. They are instrumental in creating and manufacturing drugs as well as medical and surgical supplies – everything from catheters to artificial kidneys or prosthetics.

Chemical engineering often overlaps with many other fields. For example, chemical engineers are needed for designing and manufacturing computer parts and other electronics, and they work closely with electronic engineers.

Nanotechnology is another growing field where chemical engineers work. This could be anything from using nanoparticles to purify contaminated groundwater, to working with DNA for gene or stem cell therapies.

Eligibility to become Chemical Engineer

  • For taking up Bachelor’s degree courses in Chemical Engineering/ Chemistry, students must have passed Class 12 in science stream.
  • For a master’s course, Bachelor’s degree in Chemistry/ Chemical Engineering or associated field is mandatory.
  • For taking up research in the field of chemistry/ chemistry, students must have a Master’s degree in chemistry/ chemical engineering or associated fields.
  • Students must clear entrance exam like JEE Main/ JEE Advanced, state-level engineering entrance exams, GATE etc. for the admission to Chemical Engineering course.

How To Become A Chemical Engineer

Chemical engineering is an attractive field, not only for its interdisciplinary nature, but also because it tends to be less formal than other types of engineering. Positions abound for those with bachelor’s to PhD level degrees, and graduates are able to enter the field directly after completing coursework. The steps below outline the steps needed to gain the proper education, licensure and experience to enter the field as a strong candidate.


Degrees in chemical engineering exist at the bachelor’s level and will prepare graduates for entry-level positions in the field. In addition to chemistry classes, students also study in physics, biology, mathematics and kinetics through a mix of classroom teaching, laboratory experiments and fieldwork placements.

While a master’s degree isn’t required, it can help students advance their careers to managerial levels or into research positions. It will also help those who completed their bachelor’s degree in a different field get up to speed on necessary skills and knowledge. After covering the same areas of a bachelor’s degree more in depth, students at this level typically complete a research project or fieldwork placement.

PhDs in chemical engineering are reserved for students who wish to work in the most specialized areas of development and production, or teach the discipline at the collegiate level. This degree covers the intricacies and nuances of chemical reactors, thermodynamics, transport phenomena, and numerical methods and typically includes a large-scale original research project and comprehensive exams.


While not all chemical engineering degree requirements include an internship or co-op component, these are excellent opportunities for gaining experience and building contacts in the field. Bachelor’s level students typically undertake these during their junior and/or senior years, while master’s and PhD level students can elect to do so after their first year of studies. The American Chemical Society maintains a board of internship and fellowship opportunities.


Because the field of chemical engineering is so broad, numerous programs offer concentrations for students who wish to specialize their knowledge in a particular area. Students typically devote 12 to 18 credit hours to studying specific topics, with options ranging from petroleum/gas exploration or energy systems to material and polymers or biological engineering.


Though other areas of engineering are more stringent about licensure and certification, chemical engineering is less formal and has only a few mandates for entering the field. For those in the industry seeking to work in respected firms, there are a number of steps they can take to be competitive. These include:

  • Attend an ABET-accredited institution
  • Undertake the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) examination directly after completing a baccalaureate degree
  • Complete the Professional Engineering (PE) exam after at least four years of relevant work experience


Finding your first job out of college can feel overwhelming, but it can be made easier by approaching it with a plan. In addition to online job boards, going in with prior internship or co-op experience goes a long way in showing prospective employers an understanding of both the theoretical and practical skills needed to do the job well. The American Institute of Chemical Engineers provides numerous helpful resources for newly graduated job seekers, ranging from bi-annual virtual career fairs to resume assistance.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations for Chemical Engineers

Licensure for chemical engineers is not as common as it is for other engineering occupations, nor is it required for entry-level positions. A Professional Engineering (PE) license, which allows for higher levels of leadership and independence, can be acquired later in one’s career. Licensed engineers are called professional engineers (PEs). A PE can oversee the work of other engineers, sign off on projects, and provide services directly to the public. State licensure generally requires

  • A degree from an ABET-accredited engineering program
  • A passing score on the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam
  • Relevant work experience, typically at least 4 years
  • A passing score on the Professional Engineering (PE) exam

The initial FE exam can be taken after one earns a bachelor’s degree. Engineers who pass this exam are commonly called engineers in training (EITs) or engineer interns (EIs). After meeting work experience requirements, EITs and EIs can take the second exam, called the Principles and Practice of Engineering (PE).

Each state issues its own licenses. Most states recognize licensure from other states, as long as the licensing state’s requirements meet or exceed their own licensure requirements. Several states require engineers to take continuing education to keep their licenses.

Types of Job Roles Chemical Engineer

Chemical Engineers are required for diverse jobs. The following are some of the job profiles that chemical engineers can take up after obtaining the necessary skills.

  • Analytical Chemist: An analytical chemist is a scientist who studies and tests the chemical compositions and behaviours of varied substances.
  • Energy Manager: An energy manager monitors the usage of energy across the industry or organisation. He/ She also undertake energy audits.
  • Environmental Engineer: These engineers use the principles of biology, chemistry, soil science and engineering to develop solutions to environmental problems. They also involved in different initiatives to improve recycling, public health, waste disposal and water & air pollution control.
  • Manufacturing Engineer: the major responsibility of manufacturing engineer is to evaluate manufacturing processes by designing and conducting research programmes. They also apply their knowledge of various activities involved in the manufacturing process.
  • Materials Engineer: These engineers specialise in metals, ceramics or plastics. They also develop composite materials and study the atomic structure of materials.
  • Mining Engineer: Mining engineers play a vital role in extracting the underground resources such as minerals, oil, gas and metals.
  • Production Manager: The major responsibility of the production managers is to assess project and resource requirements. They also plan and organise production schedules.
  • Lecturer: Chemical engineers can also become lectures in universities and colleges after attaining the necessary qualifications.

Top Recruiting Agencies for Chemical Engineers

Some of the top companies and industries require skilled chemical engineers for various positions. The list of top recruiting companies for chemical engineers can be checked below.

  • Reliance Industries
  • Essar Oil Limited
  • Deepak Fertilisers and Petrochemicals
  • Arofine Polymers
  • Reliance Petroleum Limited
  • Colour-Chem Ltd
  • Gujarat Gas Company Limited
  • Gujarat Alkalies & Chemicals Ltd
  • Godavari Fertilisers & Chemicals
  • L & T

chemical engineer salary

Chemical engineers in diverse sectors earn a satisfactory salary. Most companies pay more for highly skilled and experienced chemical engineers and researchers. The average salary structure of chemical engineers is detailed below.

Job ProfileStarting Salary per annum (in INR)Mid Level Salary per annum (in INR)Senior Level Salary per annum (In INR)
Analytical ChemistRs. 2,00,000Rs. 3,00,000Rs. 4,00,000
Energy ManagerRs. 2,00,000Rs. 4,00,000Rs. 6,00,000
Environmental EngineerRs. 2,00,000Rs. 3,67,000Rs. 4,50,000
Manufacturing EngineerRs. 2,00,000Rs. 4,68,000Rs. 6,00,000
Materials EngineerRs. 2,00,000Rs. 3,74,000Rs. 5,00,000

how long does it take to become a chemical engineer?

College students typically study chemical engineering or a related field that leads to a bachelor’s degree. Programs in chemical engineering usually take 4 years and include classroom, laboratory, and field studies.

Important Qualities for Chemical Engineers

Analytical skills. Chemical engineers must troubleshoot designs that do not work as planned. They must ask the right questions and then find answers that work.

Creativity. Chemical engineers must explore new ways of applying engineering principles. They work to invent new materials, advanced manufacturing techniques, and new applications in chemical and biomedical engineering.

Ingenuity. Chemical engineers learn the broad concepts of chemical engineering, but their work requires them to apply those concepts to specific production problems.

Interpersonal skills. Because their role is to put scientific principles into practice in manufacturing industries, chemical engineers must develop good working relationships with other workers involved in production processes.

Math skills. Chemical engineers use the principles of advanced math topics such as calculus for analysis, design, and troubleshooting in their work.

Problem-solving skills. In designing equipment and processes for manufacturing, these engineers must be able to anticipate and identify problems, including such issues as workers’ safety and problems related to manufacturing and environmental protection.

Job Outlook for Chemical Engineers

Employment of chemical engineers is projected to grow 4 percent over the next ten years, about as fast as the average for all occupations. Demand for chemical engineers’ services depends largely on demand for the products of various manufacturing industries. The ability of these engineers to stay on the forefront of new emerging technologies will sustain employment growth.

Many chemical engineers work in industries whose products are sought by many manufacturing firms. For instance, they work for firms that manufacture plastic resins, which are used to increase fuel efficiency in automobiles. Increased availability of domestically produced natural gas should increase manufacturing potential in the industries employing these engineers.

In addition, chemical engineering will continue to migrate into dynamic fields, such as nanotechnology, alternative energies, and biotechnology, and thereby help to sustain demand for engineering services in many manufacturing industries.

However, overall growth of employment will be tempered by a declines in employment in some manufacturing sectors.

Job Prospects for Chemical Engineers

The need to find alternative fuels to meet increasing energy demand while maintaining environmental sustainability will continue to require the expertise of chemical engineers in oil- and gas-related industries. In addition, the integration of chemical and biological sciences and rapid advances in innovation will create new areas in biotechnology and in medical and pharmaceutical fields for them to work in. Thus, those with a background in biology will have better chances to gain employment.

Occupational TitleEmployment, 2019Projected Employment, 2029Change, 2019-29
Chemical engineers32,60034,00041,400

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