Last Updated on June 1, 2022
STEM degrees are Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics programs. They all require using research and reasoning to solve problems. And, they could lead to diverse career paths in growing fields. Within each category, you’ll find many kinds of STEM graduate degrees.
For example, engineering students could study civil, electrical, or computer engineering. Science students could study everything from biology to veterinary and animal sciences. You could pursue goals that range from building bridges to keeping IT systems safe. No matter what path you pursue, STEM careers are key to a brighter future.
Right here on infolearners, you are privy to a litany of relevant information on best stem colleges in the northeast, williams college, northeastern university, forbes top stem colleges 2021, stem courses, and so much more. Take out time to visit our catalog for more information on similar topics.
What Careers are in the STEM Field?
STEM career paths are wide-ranging, and the industry as a whole is growing. Mathematics roles are growing the fastest, with 28% more jobs projected by 2026. 50,400 new jobs could be added in occupations that include Actuary and Operations Research Analyst. This is due to the growing importance of Big Data for businesses and government agencies. Science career paths are also growing faster than average.
Fields to watch include biomedical research, psychology, energy management, and environmental protection. An increased need for scientific expertise should lead to 10% growth across the board, by 2026. Many engineering career paths are also growing. For instance, Civil Engineers could see 32,200 new jobs by 2026. This is due to the increasing obsolescence of U.S. infrastructure. So, engineers will be needed to update everything from roads to water treatment facilities.
Which STEM Jobs Require a Master’s Degree?
The following STEM career paths may need a Master’s degree, according to BLS:
- Mathematicians and Statisticians
- Biomedical Engineers
- Civil Engineers
- Operations Research Analysts
- Petroleum Engineer
- Forensic Science Technicians
The level of education you may need depends on the role and your potential employer.
Which STEM Jobs Require a Doctoral Degree?
The following STEM career paths may need a PhD or other doctorate, depending on the role and employer:
- Atmospheric Scientists and Meteorologists
- Biochemists and Biophysicists
- Medical Scientists
- Physicists and Astronomers
- Mathematicians and Statisticians
- Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists
- Agricultural or Food Scientists
STEM courses span areas like math, science, statistics, technology, and more. In other words, expect your courses to be specific to your field. In a graduate program in biology, you could study subjects like:
- Computer Modeling
- Genomics in Medicine
- Systems Neuroscience
- Molecular Biology
Graduate programs in statistics cover how to develop, research, and use quantitative tools. So, you could take courses like:
- Stochastic Processes
- Statistical Machine Learning
- Generalized Linear Models
Engineering programs also feature coursework specific to a discipline. For instance, a Master’s in Electrical Engineering program covers courses ranging from signal processing to power systems. You could also study:
- Engineering Electromagnetics
- Linear Systems: Time Domain and Transform Analysis
- Matrix Theory
- Optical Communications
- Antenna Theory
- Radar Systems
What does most STEM coursework have in common? A foundation in math and science that can be applied to solve problems across diverse disciplines.
STEM Accredited Programs
ABET accredits select STEM graduate programs. These include Master’s programs in Engineering and Applied & Natural Science. Accreditation helps to prove your program meets the global standards of your STEM field. So, you can be confident you are pursuing a high-quality education.
And, some employers may look for graduates of ABET-accredited programs. Finally, earning a degree from an ABET-accredited program may be required for licensure, registration, or certification. That’s true for Civil Engineers who want to earn their Professional Engineering (PE) license, among others.
Best stem colleges in the northeast
1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
In addition to being the top engineering school overall, MIT boasts No. 1-ranked programs for chemical, aerospace/aeronautical, computer, and electrical engineering, according to US News. Upon graduation, 32% of students head on to graduate school while 57% enter the workforce. Students are courted by nearly 250 companies; top employers for MIT grads include Google, Amazon, ExxonMobil, and Goldman Sachs.
2. Carnegie Mellon University
Graduates can expect competitive compensation with a degree from Carnegie Mellon. For the class of 2013, the median starting salaries ranged from $60,000 for civil and environmental engineers to $90,000 for electric and computer engineers. Partnerships with major companies like IBM, Google, and General Motors also allow students to gain hands-on experience in their fields.
3. Princeton University
Princeton, New Jersey
At Princeton, the engineering curriculum for all majors focuses on equipping students to solve real-world problems regarding energy and the environment, health, security, and leadership. Engineering students from the class of 2014 reported an average starting salary of $68,923 annually.
4. Cornell University
Ithaca, New York
Among the class of 2013, 92% of undergraduate engineering students were either on their way to graduate school or employed full-time by graduation day, with several headed to top companies including Proctor & Gamble, Accenture, and Google. The average starting salary for the class was $72,287, though some students reported earning as much as $120,000.
5. Harvard University
Undergraduate students from Harvard’s John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences have gone on to work at elite companies including Pixar, Google, and Citigroup. Harvard’s host of internship partners also includes exclusive placements at companies like Facebook, Intel, and NASA.