Last Updated on May 30, 2022
Those who are considering taking up a career in Radiology have to take inventory of their qualification and see if it meets the requirements needed to practice this profession in the country. A Radiologist is a doctor that will more or less diagnose and treat patients with injuries and diseases related to problems on the soft tissues and bones especially of the brain and its coverings, chest and abdomen.
Radiology is a specialty of medicine in which images of the body’s organs are interpreted in order to diagnose disease. Radiologists are medical doctors (MDs) having the specialized training to interpret medical images for diagnosis while radiologic technologists are the medical imaging professionals that use and manage the equipment for making the images. Radiologists interpret these images and give reports to referring clinical doctors ranging from surgeons, pediatricians, obstetricians, and internists to work as a team in providing medical care.
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Why Is Radiology Important?
Every sector within the health care field relies on radiology, including:
- Emergency medicine
- Infectious disease
In many cases, early diagnosis can save lives, including those of patients diagnosed with cancer. Family doctors and emergency care physicians cannot effectively manage patients without diagnostic imaging, which is why they rely on radiology to find the right diagnosis and course of treatment.
What Is Radiology Used for?
Radiology is used for a wide range of conditions, and is classified depending on the type of radiology and the exact imaging test used. The various imaging exams include:
- Radiographs: X-rays to look at bones, the chest or the abdomen.
- CT (Computed Tomography): A CT captures multiple x-ray angles of the patient using a doughnut-shaped machine, then creates computer-processed images.
- MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging): An MRI uses magnetic fields and radio waves with computer processing to create images.
- Mammograms: Specially powered x-rays that look at breast tissues.
- Ultrasound: An ultrasound uses sound waves to create moving images that display on a monitor, commonly used for echocardiograms and examining the womb during pregnancy.
- Fluoroscopy: X-rays that make moving images of the body in real time. This imaging is crucial for many procedures, especially those involving the gastrointestinal tract.
- Nuclear medicine: These are short-acting radioactive substances that generate light from bodily processes. A camera collects the light, so a computer can process it and develop an image.
Diagnostic radiology uses these imaging results to identify a wide range of problems, from broken bones to heart conditions and blood clots. Interventional radiology also uses imaging such as CT scans, MRI and ultrasounds to guide medical procedures. Patients are typically awake during these procedures, whether it’s treating cancer, back pain, or liver and kidney problems. In some cases, interventional radiology eliminates the need for surgery and scopes.
The radiology subspecialty devoted to the diagnostic imaging and diagnosis of breast diseases and conditions. This includes mammography, breast ultrasound, breast MRI, and breast procedures such as breast biopsy.
The radiology subspecialty devoted to the diagnostic imaging and diagnosis of diseases of the heart and vascular or circulatory system (including blood and lymphatic vessels). This includes x-rays, CT (computed tomography or CAT), ultrasound and MRI.
The radiology subspecialty devoted to diagnostic imaging and diagnosis of diseases of the chest, especially the heart and lungs. This includes x-rays, CT (computed tomography or CAT), Ultrasound, MRI and chest procedures, such as lung biopsy and thoracentesis or drainage of fluid from the chest.
The radiology subspecialty devoted to the diagnostic imaging and diagnosis of trauma and non-traumatic emergency conditions. This includes x-rays, CT (computed tomography or CAT), Ultrasound and MRI.
Gastrointestinal (GI) Radiology
The radiology subspecialty devoted to the diagnostic imaging and diagnosis of the gastrointestinal (GI) or digestive tract (the stomach and intestines) and abdomen. This includes fluoroscopy, x-rays, CT (computed tomography or CAT), Ultrasound, MRI, and GI procedures such as biopsy and fluid and abscess drainage.
The radiology subspecialty devoted to the diagnosis and treatment of the organs of the reproductive and urinary systems. This includes x-rays, CT (computed tomography or CAT), MRI and procedures such as biopsy, kidney stone removal, and uterine fibroid removal.
Head and Neck Radiology
The radiology subspecialty devoted to the diagnostic imaging and diagnosis of diseases of the head and neck. This includes x-rays, CT (computed tomography or CAT), Ultrasound and MRI.
The radiology subspecialty devoted to the diagnostic imaging and diagnosis of the muscles and the skeleton. This includes x-rays, CT (computed tomography or CAT), Ultrasound and MRI.
The radiology subspecialty devoted to the diagnostic imaging and diagnosis of the brain and nervous system, head, neck and spine. This includes x-rays, CT (computed tomography or CAT), Ultrasound and MRI.
The radiology subspecialty devoted to the diagnostic imaging and diagnosis of diseases of children. This includes x-rays, CT (computed tomography or CAT), Ultrasound, MRI and procedures such as fluoroscopy, biopsy and drainage of fluid or abscess collections.
The radiology subspecialty devoted to the imaging, diagnosis and treatment of patients utilizing minimally invasive interventional techniques. This includes imaging and treatment of the blood vessels (such as angiography, angioplasty and stent placement), biopsy procedures, line and tube placement, uterine fibroid removal, fluid and abscess drainage. These may be performed with imaging guidance using x-rays, fluoroscopy, CT (computed tomography or CAT), Ultrasound or MRI.
The radiology subspecialty devoted to the imaging, diagnosis and treatment of patients using trace doses of radioactive material. This includes imaging of the heart, the skeletal system, and most organs in the body (for example the thyroid and parathyroid glands, liver, spleen, kidneys, lungs, etc.). It also includes the treatment of various conditions in the body such as a hyperactive thyroid gland and thyroid cancer. The imaging modalities include gamma imaging, PET, and PET/CT.
The radiology subspecialty devoted to the treatment of cancer using radiation. The radiation may be delivered from an outside x-ray source or may be placed or injected into the body.
Best country to study radiology
United States of America
Radiology in the United States is a five years residency after obtaining a medical degree. The average salary of a Radiologist in the USA IS $414,090 as of April 2020, but the range typically falls between $360,090 and $479,090. The US Radiology physicians and diagnostic centers are leaders in the field of imagining, but the shortage of Radiologists in the USA, has affected hospital care and service delivery in some areas. Due to this, the demand for Radiologists in the USA is increasing which makes the USA the top destination for international students to study Radiology, Nuclear Medicine, and Medical Imaging.
Medicine is taught differently in the Netherlands as compared to any other country in the world which makes it one of the top countries worldwide for studying Radiology, Clinical medicine and Medical Imaging. Courses are taught in Dutch as well as in English, but if students choose the degrees which are taught in English, it is imperative that they learn Dutch alongside their other studies. The Final training year requires future doctors to work in Dutch hospitals and in the Netherlands, communication in Dutch language is of vital importance.
The German Universities provide subsidized education to students. This helps them to save a lot of money. Germany is the land of technical advancement and scientific development. Every year thousands of international student’s flocks to Germany in order to complete their higher education in Life Sciences and Medicine. This is because Germany provides world class education, low tuition fee, safety and health care facilities.
One of the world’s most popular non-anglophone study destinations, Germany is an ideal location for studying a medical degree, offering high-quality education at an affordable price. Getting a medical degree from Germany will boost your employability and turn financially rewarding.
There are no independent medical schools in Germany, but there are the world-renowned Universities with top class medical faculties which provide medicine courses. Following are the top universities in Germany for courses in Radiology, Clinical Medicine and Medical Imaging.
UK is internationally known for its impressively ranked and reputed universities and for its high-quality academic profile. UK has a long history of welcoming international students and this is still in practice with the new Visa rules laid down by the UK government for the benefit of the international students.
UK has been a popular destination for international students, and with the list of top 5 universities in the UK for Courses in Radiology, Medical Imaging and Clinical Medicine, you can make the right decision for a rapid growth in your career in Medicine in the UK.
5. Canada: Canada is a country that welcomes expatriates and also is on a lookout for brighter minds across the world. Canada has even more liberal regulations for International students for their study programs. Canada is a friendly and multicultural country with natural landscapes such as the slopes of British Columbia to the Prairie province of Manitoba, along with the mountains, lakes and forests which offers a great opportunity to international students to experience all these cultures and landscapes which very few nations in the world can boast about.
Best radiology residency programs in canada
California State University Northridge
California State University Northridge offers a Bachelor of Science program in radiologic technology, according to the program’s website. This public university was founded in 1958 and located in the San Fernando Valley in Los Angeles. The program emphasizes basic medical training, as well as more complex imaging procedures, including cardiovascular imaging, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, according to the program’s website. The program is accredited by the Review Committee of Education in Radiologic Technology.
University of California San Francisco
The University of California in San Francisco offers a number of radiology programs in its Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging. According to the program’s website, students can pursue an undergraduate degree in radiology, a graduate degree from the the Diagnostic Radiology Residency Program, one of the largest programs of its kind in the country, or a PhD degree in radiology and biomedical imaging. Radiology students can also pursue fellowships, financial aid and scholarships, as well as conduct research in the university’s state-of-the-art facilities.
University of California San Diego
The University of California San Diego also offers an undergraduate degree in radiology. This program, part of the Department of Radiology, emphasizes training in musculoskeletal radiology, neuroradiology, vascular radiology, breast imaging, abdominal imaging and more, according to the program’s website. Students work in the UCSD Medical Center, which offers state-of-the-art technology and research centers. In addition, the faculty on staff are considered some of the best in the nation, according to the program’s website.