Best Python Tutorial For Beginners

Last Updated on May 30, 2022

Python is a programming language with its own syntax and grammar focused on data structures and object-oriented programming. Many schools and institutions offer free online courses for learning Python. These courses may consist of video lectures or readings, and some may include assignments to practice your new skills, though you may need specific software to complete them.

Python programming is widely used in Artificial Intelligence, Natural Language Generation, Neural Networks, and other advanced fields of Computer Science. Moreover, Python is one of the most demanded programming languages in the market, so there are huge job opportunities for candidates having knowledge of Python programming.

Right here on infolearners, you are privy to a litany of relevant information on best python tutorial on youtube, how to learn python for free, best way to learn python online, and so much more. Take out time to visit our catalog for more information on similar topics.

Python Programming Characteristics

  • It provides rich data types and easier to read syntax than any other programming languages
  • It is a platform-independent scripted language with full access to operating system API’s
  • Compared to other programming languages, it allows more run-time flexibility
  • It includes the basic text manipulation facilities of Perl and Awk
  • A module in Python may have one or more classes and free functions
  • Libraries in Pythons are cross-platform compatible with Linux, Macintosh, and Windows
  • For building large applications, Python can be compiled to byte-code
  • Python supports functional and structured programming as well as OOP
  • It supports interactive mode that allows interacting Testing and debugging of snippets of code
  • In Python, since there is no compilation step, editing, debugging, and testing are fast.

Best way to learn python online

Step 1: Figure Out What Motivates You to Learn Python

Before you start diving into learning Python online, it’s worth asking yourself why you want to learn it. This is because it’s going to be a long and sometimes painful journey. Without enough motivation, you probably won’t make it through. For example, I slept through high school and college programming classes when I had to memorize syntax and I wasn’t motivated. On the other hand, when I needed to use Python to build a website to automatically score essays, I stayed up nights to finish it.

Figuring out what motivates you will help you figure out an end goal, and a path that gets you there without boredom. You don’t have to figure out an exact project, just a general area you’re interested in as you prepare to learn Python.

Pick an area you’re interested in, such as:

  • Data science / Machine learning
  • Mobile apps
  • Websites
  • Games
  • Data processing and analysis
  • Hardware / Sensors / Robots
  • Scripts to automate your work

Yes, you can make robots using Python! From the Raspberry Pi Cookbook.

Figure out one or two areas that interest you, and you’re willing to stick with. You’ll be gearing your learning towards them, and eventually will be building projects in them.

Step 2: Learn the Basic Syntax

Unfortunately, this step can’t be skipped. You have to learn the very basics of Python syntax before you dive deeper into your chosen area. You want to spend the minimum amount of time on this, as it isn’t very motivating. 

Here are some good resources to help you learn the basics:

  • Learn Python the Hard Way — a book that teaches Python concepts from the basics to more in-depth programs.
  • Dataquest – Python for Data Science Fundamentals Course — I started Dataquest to make learning Python and data science easier. Dataquest teaches Python syntax in the context of learning data science. For example, you’ll learn about for loops while analyzing weather data.
  • The Python Tutorial — the tutorial on the main Python site.

I can’t emphasize enough that you should only spend the minimum amount of time possible on basic syntax. The quicker you can get to working on projects, the faster you will learn. You can always refer back to the syntax when you get stuck later. You should ideally only spend a couple of weeks on this phase, and definitely no more than a month.

Also, a quick note: learn Python 3, not Python 2. Unfortunately a lot of “learn Python” resources online still teach Python 2, but you should definitely learn Python 3. Python 2 is no longer supported, so bugs and security holes will not be fixed!

Step 3: Make Structured Projects

Once you’ve learned the basic syntax, it’s possible to start making projects on your own. Projects are a great way to learn, because they let you apply your knowledge. Unless you apply your knowledge, it will be hard to retain it. Projects will push your capabilities, help you learn new things, and help you build a portfolio to show to potential employers.

However, very freeform projects at this point will be painful — you’ll get stuck a lot, and need to refer to documentation. Because of this, it’s usually better to make more structured projects until you feel comfortable enough to make projects completely on your own. Many learning resources offer structured projects, and these projects let you build interesting things in the areas you care about while still preventing you from getting stuck.

Let’s look at some good resources for structured projects in each area:

Data science / Machine learning

  • Dataquest — Teaches you Python and data science interactively. You analyze a series of interesting datasets ranging from CIA documents to NBA player stats. You eventually build complex algorithms, including neural networks and decision trees.
  • Python for Data Analysis — written by the author of a major Python data analysis library, it’s a good introduction to analyzing data in Python.
  • Scikit-learn documentation — Scikit-learn is the main Python machine learning library. It has some great documentation and tutorials.
  • CS109 — this is a Harvard class that teaches Python for data science. They have some of their projects and other materials online.

Mobile Apps

  • Kivy guide — Kivy is a tool that lets you make mobile apps with Python. They have a guide on how to get started.

Websites

  • Bottle tutorial — Bottle is another web framework for Python. This is how to get started with it.
  • How To Tango With Django — A guide to using Django, a complex Python web framework.

Games

  • Codecademy — walks you through making a couple of simple games.
  • Pygame tutorials — Pygame is a popular Python library for making games, and this is a list of tutorials for it.
  • Making games with Pygame — A book that teaches you how to make games in Python.
  • Invent your own computer games with Python — a book that walks you through how to make several games using Python.

An example of a game you can make with Pygame. This is Barbie Seahorse Adventures 1.0, by Phil Hassey.

Hardware / Sensors / Robots

  • Using Python with Arduino — learn how to use Python to control sensors connected to an Arduino.
  • Learning Python with Raspberry Pi — build hardware projects using Python and a Raspberry Pi.
  • Learning Robotics using Python — learn how to build robots using Python.
  • Raspberry Pi Cookbook — learn how to build robots using the Raspberry Pi and Python.

Scripts to Automate Your Work

  • Automate the boring stuff with Python — learn how to automate day-to-day tasks using Python.

Once you’ve done a few structured projects in your own area, you should be able to move into working on your own projects. But, before you do, it’s important to spend some time learning how to solve problems.

Step 4: Work on Python Projects on Your Own

Once you’ve completed some structured projects, it’s time to work on projects on your own to continue to learn Python better. You’ll still be consulting resources and learning concepts, but you’ll be working on what you want to work on. Before you dive into working on your own projects, you should feel comfortable debugging errors and problems with your programs. Here are some resources you should be familiar with:

  • StackOverflow — a community question and answer site where people discuss programming issues. You can find Python-specific questions here.
  • Google — the most commonly used tool of every experienced programmer. Very useful when trying to resolve errors. Here’s an example.
  • Python documentation — a good place to find reference material on Python.

Once you have a solid handle on debugging issues, you can start working on your own projects. You should work on things that interest you. For example, I worked on tools to trade stocks automatically very soon after I learned programming.

Here are some tips for finding interesting projects:

  • Extend the projects you were working on previously, and add more functionality.
  • Check out our list of Python projects for beginners.
  • Go to Python meetups in your area, and find people who are working on interesting projects.
  • Find open source packages to contribute to.
  • See if any local nonprofits are looking for volunteer developers.
  • Find projects other people have made, and see if you can extend or adapt them. Github is a good place to find these.
  • Browse through other people’s blog posts to find interesting project ideas.
  • Think of tools that would make your every day life easier, and build them.

Remember to start very small. It’s often useful to start with things that are very simple so you can gain confidence. It’s better to start a small project that you finish that a huge project that never gets done. At Dataquest, we have guided projects that give you small data science related tasks that you can build on.

It’s also useful to find other people to work with for more motivation.

If you really can’t think of any good project ideas, here are some in each area we’ve discussed:

Data Science / Machine Learning Project Ideas

  • A map that visualizes election polling by state.
  • An algorithm that predicts the weather where you live.
  • A tool that predicts the stock market.
  • An algorithm that automatically summarizes news articles.

You could make a more interactive version of this map. From RealClearPolitics.

Mobile App Project Ideas

  • An app to track how far you walk every day.
  • An app that sends you weather notifications.
  • A realtime location-based chat.

Website Project Ideas

  • A site that helps you plan your weekly meals.
  • A site that allows users to review video games.
  • A notetaking platform.

Python Game Project Ideas

  • A location-based mobile game, where you capture territory.
  • A game where you program to solve puzzles.

Hardware / Sensors / Robots Project Ideas

  • Sensors that monitor your home temperature and let you monitor your house remotely.
  • A smarter alarm clock.
  • A self-driving robot that detects obstacles.

Work Automation Project Ideas

  • A script to automate data entry.
  • A tool to scrape data from the web.

My first project on my own was adapting my automated essay scoring algorithm from R to Python. It didn’t end up looking pretty, but it gave me a sense of accomplishment, and started me on the road to building my skills.

The key is to pick something and do it. If you get too hung up on picking the perfect project, there’s a risk that you’ll never make one.

Step 5: Keep working on harder projects

Keep increasing the difficulty and scope of your projects. If you’re completely comfortable with what you’re building, it means it’s time to try something harder.

You can choose a new project that

Here are some ideas for when that time comes:

  • Try teaching a novice how to build a project you made.
  • Can you scale up your tool? Can it work with more data, or can it handle more traffic?
  • Can you make your program run faster?
  • Can you make your tool useful for more people?
  • How would you commercialize what you’ve made?

Best Python Tutorial For Beginners

1. Udemy


If you want to explore and learn coding skills in Python, then Udemy provides you the best platform to learn the Python language. It offers Python courses from beginner to expert level. You can learn both versions, Python 2 and Python 3, with Udemy. It also teaches you about the advanced features of Python, including a collection module, decorators, and timestamps.

After learning the concept, you can test your skills with coding exercises. Later, you will also learn how to create games in Python such as Tic Tac Toe and Blackjack. In order to get started, you are required to create an account on the udemy.com. After completing the entire course, you will get a certificate of completion.

Some of the key concepts included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Introduction of Python
  • Python objects and Data structure basics
  • Python statements

2. Learn Python the Hard Way

“Learn Python the Hard Way” is the most popular way to get started with the Python programming language. You are not required to have prior experience in coding. This tutorial will teach you from level 0 to higher levels. It is an open source and free tutorial, available online for a refresher as well as professional programmers.

It provides opportunities to test and implement what you have learned. For example, it will provide a piece of code and you have to guess/write the output of that code. Here, you can learn about some other languages such as Ruby, C, SQL, and JavaScript.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Variables and names
  • Strings and text
  • Reading and writing files
  • Classes and objects
  • Functions
  • File handling

3. Codecademy

Codecademy is an emerging online learning platform, which emphasizes improving the overall learning experience. It offers free courses on the Python programming language. It also provides a free code editor so that users can practice writing code, and a forum to discuss queries with friends and other members.

In order to get started with a Python tutorial, you are required to create an account on codecademy.com. Here, you can also learn about some other programming languages such as Java, Android, and C++.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Conditionals and control flow
  • Functions
  • List and dictionaries
  • Loops

4. Python.org

Python.org contains the official documentation of Python programming language. It helps both beginners and experienced programmers to learn about Python. It is one of the free online Python tutorials.

Under Python.org, you will get a lot of references and materials to work with the language. It will teach you right from the basic concepts. Later, you can also learn about some advanced topics as well such as Python libraries.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Mutable and Immutable objects
  • PEP (Python enhanced proposals)
  • Generators and Iterators

5. Invent with Python

Invent with Python is a free online tutorial that helps in learning the Python programming language. If you are a beginner, then this tutorial website is the best platform for you to start.

At the end of each chapter or lesson or concept, it offers you an exercise to test your skills. You can also create games in Python with the help of the book, “Invent Your Own Computer Games with Python”.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Functional programming with Python
  • Object-oriented programming with Python
  • Getter and setter in Python

6. Pythonspot

If you are looking for Python-centric tutorials and resources, then Pythonspot is the best place for you. It offers free tutorial and good quality content related to the Python programming language for both beginners and professional developers.

It has organized the course content according to the difficulty level. For example, initially you will learn about beginner-level concepts and it then moves to advanced topics.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Regular expressions
  • FTP client in Python
  • Python web development

7. AfterHoursProgramming.com

The website AfterHoursProgramming.com is completely dedicated to providing tutorials and reference materials to programmers as well as developers. Here, you can easily learn the Python language and its related concepts.

It incorporates a code simulator that helps users to write and deploy code from their web browsers.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Executing Python scripts
  • If statements
  • List
  • Exception

8. Coursera

Like other tutorial websites, Coursera also provides free online courses for several programming languages. You can easily learn the Python programming language using this platform. Like other online resources, it also offers digital classes in order to learn the Python programming language. It offers videos tutorials in different languages like English, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, and French.

You can also opt to view subtitles of videos if required. These subtitles can be viewed in multiple languages. For example, Korean, Chinese, Spanish, German, Turkish, Vietnamese, and many others.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Introduction to basics
  • Advanced concepts
  • Functions and control statements

9. Tutorials Point

Tutorials Point is among the best online tutorials, which provides free and good quality content in order to learn the Python programming language. It is best suited for beginners as they can test themselves with multiple exercises (or practical problems) and various coding options. They can learn and become experts in coding using this platform. However, it also provides an opportunity for professionals to polish and nourish their coding skills.

Apart from basic Python concepts, it also covers multiple topics of advanced Python such as database access, CGI, game programming, implementing multithreading, XML processing, networking, and many more.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Basic syntax
  • Variable types
  • Basic operators
  • Decision making

10. Codementor

The tutorial website codementor.io is designed for both intermediate and experienced programmers. It has a unique and easy navigation pane so that anyone can access it very easily. It offers good quality content about Python and other programming languages that is created by experienced professional or developers.

You will find multiple articles posted by developers about different topics from beginner to expert level. Here, you can learn how to use Python for web development, data science, and machine learning as well.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Sorting Git authors in an app with code
  • Integrating Node.js with Python
  • Using Python decorators

11. Google’s Python Class eBook

Most of the students often get confused while choosing a suitable online platform to learn languages such as Java, Ruby, C++, Python and many others. Google’s Python class eBook provides free classes to learn the Python programming language.

It focuses more on theoretical concepts rather than practical applications. It has sorted all the concepts in an organized manner that helps in learning and understanding basic concepts. Apart from written content, it also provides lecture videos and a set of practical problems, which further tests your abilities after completion of topics.

If you want to explore more about Python, then you can choose any of our multiple books that are available on the official website i.e. https://developers.google.com/edu/python/?hl=en.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Strings
  • Lists
  • Sorting
  • Dicts and files


12. Dive Into Python 3

The Dive in Python 3 book primarily focuses on the difference between Python 2 and Python 3. If you want to learn about the Python language, then this site is best for you.

It is among the best online resources to explore more about the Python language. As it is covered under Creative Commons Licence, you can download the PDF and HTML versions of this book at zero cost.

Each tutorial lesson consists of specific points and key topics. This tutorial will assist you to cover the distance from beginner to a professional.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Comprehensions
  • Strings
  • Regular expressions
  • Classes and iterators
  • Unit testing
  • Serializing objects
  • Special method names

13. NewCircle Python Fundamentals Training

Like other programming tutorials, NewCircle is another online platform to learn the Python programming language for both beginner and professional programmers. In this tutorial, you will come across several video lectures that helps in better understanding of concepts. In addition to this, you will also get several videos about practical exercises and examples. You will also get a Python Fundamental training series, which is very useful for a beginner.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Types and variables
  • Simple expressions
  • Containers
  • Functions
  • Exceptions

14. Studytonight

If you are looking for a platform, which can help you with the Python programming language from the basics, then you can choose StudyTonight. It offers free online Python programming course. This tutorial provides you free course content along with the examples. Hence, it is widely popular among other free online tutorials.

It also offers a lot of practical problems or exercises to the users so that they can easily implement what they have learned. It also contains Q&A forum, where you can ask and discuss several questions as well as queries with other users.

It has divided the overall course content into three categories i.e. basic, intermediate, and advanced. Apart from Python, you can also learn about other languages such as C, C++, DBMS, SQL, JSP, CSS and many others.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Modules and functions
  • Lists
  • Data types
  • Conditional statements

15. Python Tutor

Python Tutor is a free online learning website, which offers tutorial classes to learn the basics of programming. Python Tutor, developed by Philip Guo, provides video classes along with the content so that the users can easily understand the topic or concept.

Apart from Python, it also provides free courses for other languages as well such as Java, C, C++, JavaScript, and Ruby.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Introduction
  • Basics of programming
  • Python classes, objects, and functions

16. Crash into Python

Crash into Python is a comprehensive guide to learn the Python Programming Language. It is a free online tutorial platform that teaches about programming in the Python language. In order to get started with tutorials, you should have prior knowledge of functions, classes, and other basic concepts. Hence, it is suitable for experienced or professional developers (also referred to as programmers).

It also incorporates several presentation slides and documents, which helps in understanding the concept.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Basic syntax
  • Code organization
  • Programming features
  • Object-oriented features

17. Real Python

Real Python is among the best online tutorials, which provides courses for different languages. Here, you can learn Python very easily with the help of the data provided along with the examples.

It also provides premium courses to its users, starting from $60. With the help of premium courses, you can get access to content having more than 1300 pages, video classes, practice exercises, and multiple course assignments.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Lists and tuples
  • Reading and writing CSV files
  • String and character data
  • Operators and expressions

18. Full Stack Python

Full Stack Python is another free online platform to learn the Python programming language. It is best suited for those who have prior basic knowledge of programming. It helps you become proficient in Python. Here, you can learn how to create web applications in Python, and develop other Python-based applications. Moreover, you will also learn how to deploy an application.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Python programming language
  • Development environments
  • Web and web app development
  • Security of the web applications

19. Python for Beginners

If you are looking for a good place to learn the Python language online and free, then Python for Beginners is an appropriate platform for you. Users can find all the topics starting from the beginner level to expert level.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Functions with parameters
  • Conditional statements
  • Logical operators
  • Conditional loops

20. Python Course

The website, Python-course.eu, developed by Bernd Klein, is a useful resource containing free online tutorials that help in learning the Python language. The course begins with the most basic concepts and then moves toward advanced topics. Like other tutorial sites, it also presents the concepts along with the examples and explanatory diagrams. In this tutorial, you can learn about both Python 2 and Python 3.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • How to use the interactive interpreter
  • How to execute a script
  • Structuring with indentation

21. The Hitchhiker’s Guide to Python!

The Hitchhiker’s Guide to Python! is a comprehensive guide that provides tutorial classes to both novice and experienced programmers. You can also download the PDF version of this guide to learn Python. Alternatively, click here to learn Python online and free. This link takes you to the online tutorial version of this guide.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Setting up environment
  • Python development frameworks
  • Writing great code
  • Guide to create applications

22. Python Guru

The Python Guru is an excellent platform for beginners to learn about programming languages like Python. It has divided the course content into two categories i.e., beginning Python and advanced Python.

After completing the beginner concepts, you can move to advanced Python concepts.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Getting started
  • Installing Python 3
  • Running programs
  • Datatype and variables

23. Python for You and Me

This is a free online book that provides good quality content about Python programming language. You can learn Python very easily with the help of this online book. It has content related to both Python 2 as well as Python3.

It starts with some of the basic concepts and then moves toward advanced concepts. You can check the complete content before starting learning and practice the topics.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Installation
  • Beginning
  • Variables and datatypes
  • Operators and expressions

24. PythonLearn

One of the most popular resources, PythonLearn, offers complete course content to learn the Python programming language. It generally focuses on Python 3, and provides references as well as materials to understand the concepts of Python 3.

It provides you the access to different exercises, audio, and video lectures so that you can learn Python easily. You can also download the provided audio as well as video lectures.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Getting started
  • Installing
  • Writing code

25. Learning to Python

Like other online tutorial resources, Learning to Python is another free online tutorial through which you can learn Python language. It is developed by Alan Gauld, specially designed keeping beginners in mind. It has categorized the entire content into three categories i.e. basic, advanced and applications.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Loops
  • Modules and functions
  • Regular expressions
  • GUI programming

26. Interactive Python

The Runestone Interactive Python is an emerging online platform to learn the Python programming language. It contains a lot of open-source, and online textbooks that help both novices and experienced programmers.

In order to get started, you are required to create an account on Interactive Python. Then, you will get access to all the available reference books.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Objects and classes
  • Functions
  • Advanced concepts

27. PythonChallenge.com

If you want to explore the depth of Python programming language, then PythonChallenge.com is the best place to do so. It is among the best resources on the internet.

This tutorial is well suited for those who have some prior coding experience in Python. You can learn all the advanced concepts in a challenging way.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Advanced uses of decorators
  • Exercises
  • Functions

28. IntelliPaat

IntelliPaat is an open-source and free online tutorial website. It offers a tutorial to learn the Python language, especially for beginners.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Conditional control flow
  • Modules
  • Exception handling
  • Regular expressions

29. Sololearn

Sololearn offers a complete tutorial about Python 3. It helps novice as well as skilled programmers to learn and explore more about the Python programming language. It contains a total 92 chapters of Python 3 and 275 related quizzes.

Now you can learn Python with the help of your mobile phone also. Sololearn has launched its mobile application that can be downloaded from Google Play Store and Apple Store. It also offers courses about other languages such as HTML, JavaScript, C++, and Java.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • What is Python
  • Your first program
  • Type conversions

30. W3Schools

W3Schools contains well-organized, simple, and easy to understand tutorials about the Python programming language. The entire course content is embedded with lots of examples. W3Schools is one of the widely used free online learning platforms. It offers tutorial courses about other programming languages as well such as HTML, CSS, Java and many others.

Some of the key topics included in this tutorial are as follows:

  • Casting
  • Operators
  • Sets

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