Engineering is the use of scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other items, including bridges, tunnels, roads, vehicles, and buildings. The discipline of engineering encompasses a broad range of more specialized fields of engineering, each with a more specific emphasis on particular areas of applied mathematics, applied science, and types of application. See glossary of engineering.
The process of getting an engineering degree is a time consuming and expensive commitment. The first step is to identify the best engineering schools in the world and apply for admission in the very best colleges. Below is the list of top universities offering engineering courses all over the globe which are ranked as among the top universities in Engineering and Technology.
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Top engineering universities in the world 2021
1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology was founded in 1861 with the mission to promote knowledge of the sciences, and it has excelled in this mission by offering some of the best engineering programs in the world. This privately-owned university has the advantage of a $16.4 billion endowment and has been credited with numerous scientific advancements. These advancements include the first chemical synthesis of penicillin, the invention of magnetic core memory and the discovery of quarks.
MIT’s School of Engineering is organized into five divisions. It is the largest school on the campus and accounts for more than 60% of undergraduate enrollment as well as over half of the sponsored research projects. Academic programs within the engineering school are organized into eight departments and one division. The school has over 350 faculty members and more than 5,500 students. The School of Engineering operates 20 of the university’s 55 laboratories, centers and programs. The school also operates 10 cross-departmental graduate and professional training programs and six international programs.
2. Stanford University
Stanford University is in California’s Silicon Valley, the home of the world’s largest cluster of high-tech corporations, where it has served students since 1891. Stanford is affiliated with a total of 20 Nobel laureates, and it boasts faculty members and alumni who have made many advancements in science and engineering. Stanford devotes $1.2 billion of its $26.5 billion endowment to research.
Stanford has emphasized engineering since its founding. Five of the first 15 faculty were engineering professors. However, the university’s School of Engineering was not formally established until 1925. In the 2014 academic year, there were over 1,600 undergraduate and 3,100 graduate students enrolled in the engineering school. These students were served by more than 250 faculty members on staff. The School of Engineering has nine departments and over 80 laboratories, centers and programs under its jurisdiction.
3. University of Cambridge
Cambridge has an outstanding reputation for academics and research. Established around 1209, the school maintains an endowment of £5.89 billion (roughly $7.81 billion). This endowment covers the operation of the university’s 31 colleges and 150 departments, faculties, schools, and other institutions. Cambridge serves over 19,000 undergraduate and graduate-level students. It can claim 92 affiliated Nobel laureates who represent all the award’s categories.
The university’s Department of Engineering is the largest department in the University, and it celebrated its 125th anniversary in the year 2000. The department hosts nearly 200 academics and principal investigators, 300 contract research staff and research fellows, 900 graduate students, and 1,200 undergraduates. There are six academic divisions within the department which cover topics such as:
- Energy, Fluid Mechanics and Turbomachinery
- Information Engineering
- Manufacturing and Management
Two undergraduate tracks and five postgraduate options are available.
4. Imperial College London
London, England, UK
Imperial College London’s Faculty of Engineering is one of three faculties within the university and contains ten departments. These department include the materials department, computing department and the Dyson School of Design Engineering. Courses teach engineering theory and combine lectures with team-based projects. The Faculty of Engineering boasts a massive budget of over £100 million per year and supports 383 academics, 816 researchers, 451 support staff and 7,133 students. Research groups and academics turn out exciting new research each year, and many of these projects are successfully commercialized. Imperial College maintains a variety of corporate partnerships which give students and faculty the opportunity for a range of collaborative projects.
Imperial College London hosts students from more than 140 countries. It has been ranked as both the most international university in the United Kingdom and the fifth most international in the world. Its dedicated staff ensures that international students have the support they need to both succeed in their courses and adapt to life in London. Generous financial support is available to international students as well, which makes this one of the best engineering schools for students from around the world.
5. University of Oxford
Oxford, United Kingdom
The Department of Engineering Science is part of the University of Oxford Mathematical, Physical, and Life Sciences Division. It graduates around 160 students a year. The department has a unified, holistic approach that promotes new ideas. This allows the department to maintain close working relationships with other departments at the university and results in cutting-edge, interdisciplinary scientific research.
Oxford has been a center of education since around 1096. It began to significantly grow in 1167 when King Henry II banned his subjects from studying at the University of Paris. In 1190, Oxford hosted its first international student, Emo of Friesland, and it built its first residence halls in the 13th century. Oxford is one of the most highly respected universities in the world. Its alumni include royalty from around the world, prime ministers of both the United Kingdom and other nations, poets, actors, scientists, American presidents and athletes.
6. Harvard University
As the oldest private research university in the United States, Harvard is one of the most influential institutes for higher education in American history. Because of this success, Harvard enjoys a $39.2 billion endowment. Harvard organizes its engineering programs into 11 principal units, 10 facilities and the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. There are 2,400 faculty members and 21,000 students. The school is affiliated with 47 Nobel laureates.
The John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences was originally the 1847 Lawrence Scientific School. Currently, there are more than 136 faculty members, nearly 900 undergraduate students and 440 graduate students in attendance.
Harvard’s engineering school is affiliated with many multidisciplinary centers and research institutes, such as Center for Brain Science, the Center for Research on Computation and Society, the Microbial Sciences Initiative, the Rowland Institute at Harvard, and the Technology and Entrepreneurship Center at Harvard.
7. University of California – Berkeley
The University of California – Berkeley has made great strides in science and engineering with its research in areas like earthquake science and bovine growth hormone purification. Evidence of the university’s success can be found in its 72 Nobel laureates, 45 MacArthur fellows and 13 Field Medal recipients.
The College of Engineering is one of the 14 colleges and schools that constitute UC Berkeley, and it is home to both approximately 5,000 undergraduate and graduate-level students and over 220 faculty members. Academic programs are organized into eight major departments. The school also manages over 50 research centers and institutes. These include:
- The Berkeley Water Center
- The Blum Center for Developing Economics
- The Synthetic Biology Institute
The School of Engineering operates an international engineering outreach program through the Center for Global Learning and Outreach.
8. ETH Zürich
In 1854, the Swiss federal government established a school dedicated to the education of engineers and scientists. The success of the mission resulted in both the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich and its sister school in Lausanne.
The Swiss Federal Institute of Technology is dedicated to science, technology, engineering and mathematics, and it has made an enormous impact on the scientific world. It has 21 affiliated Nobel laureates. These laureates include Albert Einstein and Niels Bohr, who were awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 1921 and 1922, respectively.
5 of the university’s 16 departments are specifically in the engineering sciences. Cross-disciplinary research is conducted at competence centers, which include:
- The ETH Risk Center
- The Energy Science Center
- The World Food System Center
- The Competence Centre for Materials and Processes
9. École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne
Switzerland’s École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne is home to the School of Engineering. The School of Engineering hosts five institutes, nine doctoral programs, over 2,700 undergraduate and master’s students, and over 800 doctoral students. The five institutes are the bioengineering institute (which is managed jointly with the School of Life Sciences), the electrical institute, the mechanical institute, the materials science institute and microengineering institute. Doctoral programs include advanced manufacturing, energy and photonics. EPFL focuses on projects with impact, ethical standards and sustainable applications, which makes it one of the best engineering colleges in the world.
EPFL maintains connections with partner universities throughout the world and offers four options for exchange students:
- Exchange semesters
- Completion of master’s projects
- Dual degrees
- Research internships
Students from outside of Switzerland may apply for bachelor’s programs, but they face steep requirements. Additionally, anyone who holds a bachelor’s degree in a field taught at EPFL may apply to a master’s program, but admission is highly competitive. Doctoral admissions are handled on an individual basis. International students who attend EPFL are expected to be fluent in French in order to participate in courses, keep up with assigned work, and live in the country.
10. The University of Tokyo
The University of Tokyo’s Faculty of Engineering contains 16 departments. These include mechano-informatics, materials engineering, applied physics and urban engineering. The Graduate School of Engineering is the largest graduate school in the university. The school boasts nearly a third of the entire university’s international students and consists of 18 departments; these include the Nuclear Professional School. The Faculty of Engineering emphasizes the role of engineering in improving the world, and it expects students to be dedicated to pushing the boundaries of the field. Students learn through study and hands-on experience, work with cutting-edge technology and complete world-class research.
Each department within the Faculty of Engineering establishes different standards for Japanese fluency. Some, such as civil engineering, do not require any Japanese proficiency, while other departments expect students to take practicums in Japanese. The Faculty’s flexible options for international students as well as its dedication to advancing technology helps make U-Tokyo one of the best engineering schools in the world.
Best Engineering Courses In The World
Computer Science Engineering
Integrating the field of electrical engineering and computer science in a very intriguing way, Computer Science and Engineering is all about the development of hardware and software. The sudden boom in the industry in the last decade has given a commendable rise to opportunities and pay band as well. Among the best engineering courses, Computer Science and Engineering offers good placement to students in marquee companies. Amazon, LinkedIn, IBM, TCS, Adobe, NXP Technologies, Samsung R&D, Kraftly are some of the companies which hire computer science professionals.
Aeronautics is the talk of the town for years, and research and development in the area has given a face to the career in this branch. Aeronautical engineers are considered to the highest paid engineers in the industry and are experts in dealing with the design and development of aircrafts and spacecrafts. They can also take up the job profile of mechanical design engineer, aircraft production engineer, aerospace designer checker, consultants, and graduate engineer trainees.
A great blend of all the engineering technologies, mechanical engineering is among the top of the list of best engineering courses. B.Tech Mechatronics and B.Tech Mechanical Engineering have been opted the highest in last few years. Mechanical Engineers can find employment in government organizations like Railways, SAIL, Metro Projects, BHEl and others, and private organizations like TATA Motors, BAJAJ, Honda, ISRO, COAL INDIA, NAVY, Ford, Design Tech System Ltd, and many more.
Electrical and Electronics Engineering
The field equips young students with the acumen to develop, test and repair electrical components. B.Tech Electrical and Electronics Engineering and B.Tech Electronics and Communication Engineering are the top courses of this engineering branch.
Predicted to grow by 30.46 CAGR by 2025, the biotech sector of India is growing leaps and bounds. India is among the top biotech destinations in the world and offers a wide range of opportunities to the biotech engineers. Aspirants can choose specializations in biotech for their study: Immunology, bio-statistics, ecology, virology, genetics, microbiology, animal husbandry and more. Biotech engineers can find employment in animal husbandry, agriculture, disease research, eco-conservation, development of medicines, fertilizers, and insecticides.
After discovering the engineering branch of one’s interest and passion keeping the growth factor in mind, students then search for a good college to complete their degree and be a potential engineer. Manav Rachna can be one of the choices they can consider because of its world-class rankings and recognitions. It offers engineering courses in almost all the engineering branches such as:
- Computer Science and Engineering
- Biotechnology Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- Aeronautical Engineering
- Automobile Engineering
- Electronics and Communication Engineering
- Electrical and Electronics Engineering
- Data Science
- Power Electronics
Best engineering course with high salary
Some people view the “best degree” as the one that pays the most. While this will be subject to change over time and may even depend on your location and demand, if you are involved in the mining industry you will have the potential to be paid very well. Petroleum engineers and chemical engineers typically have the most scope for expansion into higher paying roles within their industries.
1. Petroleum Engineering Degree
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), petroleum engineers earned an average of $114,080 per year in 2010, approximately $20,000 more than other types of engineering degrees. In addition, employment of petroleum engineers is expected to grow by at least 17 percent by 2020.
As oil and gas companies continue to seek convenient and cost-effective methods for extracting petroleum products, and drilling operations become more complex, the need for qualified petroleum engineers will grow over the next several years. Courses in mathematics, including algebra, trigonometry and calculus, along with biology, chemistry and physics are important for students working toward a petroleum engineer career. Important qualities include excellent analytical skills, creativity, strong math and problem solving skills. In addition, petroleum engineers must work well in teams as the position requires working with a variety of backgrounds and work habits.
2. Biomedical Engineering Degree
Although the median pay for biomedical engineers was slightly lower than that of petroleum engineers at $81,450 per year in 2010, the job outlook for this type of engineering degree is excellent. According to the BLS, the biomedical engineering field is expected to grow by a staggering 62 percent by 2020 due to the aging baby-boomer generation and advances in medical technology. Important qualities in those who are considering a biomedical engineering degree are good analytical and math skills, as well as the ability to communicate effectively. Courses that benefit prospective biomedical engineers include chemistry, physics, biology and calculus, as well as drafting, mechanical drawing and computer programming.
3. Civil Engineering Degree
The median pay for civil engineers was approximately $77,560 per year in 2010, and the industry is expected to grow by 19 percent by 2020, indicating that a civil engineering degree is a good prospect for those seeking an engineering major. Civil engineers manage many different infrastructure projects, including building bridges, designing roads and upgrading levees or dams.
4. Sustainability Design & Engineering Degree
As the population grows, the demand for water and waste treatment also grows, requiring municipalities to design, build and maintain water and waste treatment systems. Coursework in statistics, engineering mechanics and physics are the best options to prepare for college level civil engineering studies. Important qualities in candidates include the ability to solve complex problems, excellent decision making, leadership abilities, and an understanding of complicated mathematics. Because only licensed civil engineers can sign off on infrastructure plans, they must be able to monitor and evaluate job site progress, making project management another critical skill. Civil engineers must report to other professionals, including architects, planners and administrators at state, county or city level, so writing and communication skills are also critical qualities.
5. Environmental Engineering Degree
According to the BLS, the job outlook for environmental engineers is excellent, with a 22 percent expected growth by 2020. In 2010, the average median salary per year for an environmental engineer was $78,470. As the federal government pushes to clean contaminated sites throughout the country, and concerns about the need for wastewater treatment growing, the need for environmental engineers is expected to grow significantly.
Because all levels of government must comply with environmental regulations, which in some areas are extremely restrictive, many municipalities hire environmental engineers to be sure that all regulations are met. Courses in biology, chemistry, physics, as well as algebra, trigonometry and calculus are beneficial for those considering environmental engineering as a career. Like all engineering positions, problem-solving skills are critical to becoming a successful environmental engineer. Other important qualities include good systems analysis abilities, communication skills and reading-comprehension. In addition, environmental engineers often must work with others to achieve common goals, so the ability to work as a team is also critical.
Best engineering courses for future
Agricultural engineers are concerned with solving problems related to agriculture. These might include machine efficiency, power supplies, pollution, and anything related to storing and processing agricultural products. In 2019, the median pay for people in this field was $80,720 according to the BLS. Going forward, the agricultural engineer field is expected to grow about 5% through 2028, which is considered as fast as the average for all occupations. A bachelor’s degree is required to become an agricultural engineer, typically in agricultural engineering or biological engineering.
Next we have chemical engineers, who combine the principles of various fields–such as biology, chemistry, and physics–to address not only the production of chemicals, but also products that are engineered through chemical processes. You’ll typically work in an office or laboratory, but may spend time at industrial plants and other locations. In 2019, the median income for chemical engineers was $108,770 per year, and the field is expected to grow 6% through 2028.
If you want to help your fellow citizens safely travel from place to place, civil engineering is for you. Civil engineers work on projects like roads, airports, tunnels, dams and bridges, in addition to working on buildings. They play a large role in the nation’s infrastructure, working for both the public and private sector. One of the most appealing aspects of civil engineering is that it is expected to grow 6% through 2028, according to the BLS. In 2019, the median income for this field was $87,060 per year, more than double the median for all occupations.
Electrical and Electronics Engineer
If electronics and electricity are more your thing, then look into becoming an electrical and electronics engineer. They design, build and test things like motors, navigation systems, and communication systems. You’ll need a bachelor’s degree in order to get into this field, and some practical experience, like an internship, is also helpful. If you are able to enter this field, you can expect an income around $101,250 per year (the median income for 2019 according to the BLS), and plenty of open job spots, as it is expected to grow 2% through 2028.
Mechanical engineers are the people who work on mechanical and thermal sensors, which include tools, machines, and other devices. You’ll find yourself working inside an office most of the time, but occasionally you’ll travel to work sites to handle any issues. To become a mechanical engineer, you’ll need to get your bachelor’s degree in either mechanical engineering or mechanical engineering technology. In addition, if you want to sell your services to the public, all states require that mechanical engineers are licensed. Going forward, the job outlook for mechanical engineers is 4% though 2028, according to the BLS. You can also expect a median salary of $88,430 per year, also according to the BLS.
Finally, we have petroleum engineers. This field has an expected job growth of 3% through 2028. Petroleum engineers typically have a high salary, as the median income was $137,720 annually in 2019, according to the BLS. As a petroleum engineer, you’ll design and build methods for getting natural resources, such as oil and gas, out of the ground. To become a petroleum engineer there are a wide range of educational paths you can take — employers are looking for someone with a bachelor’s degree in either petroleum, mechanical, chemical or civil engineering.