Best Countries To Pursue Masters In Economics – Various professionals in the world today argue that meeting your classmates from other parts of the globe opens doors to a more holistic understanding of social and economic issues. Aside from the fact that studying with people from other cultures gives individuals a peek into the way things are done differently in other parts of the world, it also helps you meet people whose ideas and values may be different than yours but who could share enriched information and exchange experiences. You can save on your college tuition fees by choosing to get accredited online masters in economics. The list mentioned here will give you a good idea on where to start your education journey.
As the best universities for masters in economics in Canada, University of Toronto, University of British Columbia, McGill University, and University of Alberta are highly ranked in the academic ranking of World Universities. The University of British Columbia and McGill University both made it to the top three for Best Public Universities list by U.S. News & World Report.
Best Countries To Pursue Masters In Economics
Economists fit within the social sciences group of disciplines and examine the full spectrum of issues that impact on financial situations and decisions. Subjects of study range from production to consumption and economics scrutinises how the world’s resources are utilised and distributed among individuals and organisations. In order to do so, economists study strands of politics, history, geography, law, sociology and psychology at both a local and global level.
Economics is divided into two veins: microeconomics and macroeconomics. The former looks at the behaviour and exchanges between individual mediators, such as households, companies, buyers and sellers. Macroeconomics investigates entire economies on a national or global scale, focusing on employment, inflation, economic growth and monetary and fiscal policy.
Economics students will gain a deeper understanding of the world and its inner machinations, covering everything from how goods and services are priced, to the reasons why standards of living vary so wildly in different countries. The study of economics equips students with valuable knowledge to make everyday life decisions. The emphasis on case-based learning gives students the ability to solve problems such as financial investment opportunities, the likely impact of public policies including universal healthcare and career progression. Many universities offer students the chance to apply their learning with a year in industry while they study.
Below are list of the best countries to study Economics:
United States of America
Colleges of masters in Economics in USA are considered among the best colleges for economics in the world. MSc Economics is the popular program in the country. The subjective structure of economics is extremely helpful for students along with the benefit that USA is considered as the second most influential country for economy activities.
Individuals willing to apply for MS in Economics in USA eligibility includes entrance exams results i.e. GRE, GMAT scores and English proficiency test that are TOEFL (overall 80) or IELTS (overall 6) scores. There are numerous colleges and institutes in USA with Masters of Science in Economics studies. However, the tuition and accommodation fee of studying in the country is rather expensive nevertheless the education quality and job opportunities are undoubtedly high and lucrative. Masters in Economics jobs or professional positions are also available in the country.
Australia is another good location for Indian students to pursue post graduation in Economics. Masters in Economics Australia is offered at both public and private universities of the country. With thorough research about the tuition fee, it can be concluded that public universities in Australia are more expensive than private universities.
Australia generally offers MA in Economics degree, top economics masters program structure mainly focuses on business or commercial aspects of economics. Therefore, one who wants to pursue economics for commercial and domestic use is advised to choose this country for studies. Students can also choose to study through Masters of Economics online Australia programs or apply for distance learning education from the universities. Part-time and Full time programs are also offered for this course.
To be eligible for attending Masters in Economics in Australian universities submitting their English proficiency test results: IELTS (overall 6.5) or TOEFL (overall 96) or PTE (overall 68) scores are suffice. Along with that during the application process make sure you do not leave out submitting other secondary documents. Also, start working applications at least 1 year before enrolment for experience better sides of studying abroad.
Masters in Economics in Canada are offered by several universities. Canada is a propitious country for this course especially for Indian students as the favorable conditions prompt career growth. Along with cultural diversity, students can experience education in economics among universities that have been ranked as best universities for Masters in Economics.
The option of studying specializations in economics like Masters in Financial Economics (MFE), Masters in Applied Economics, etc is obtainable at Canadian universities. For applying Masters in economics program in Canada, pupils must submit GMAT, GRE or TOEFL (overall 90) or IELTS (overall 7) scores. The tuition fees for the course are also affordable in comparison to USA and Australia. MA in Economics is most popular course in Canada.
Bocconi University from Italy is ranked among the top 20 universities for Economics. It offers Masters in Science in Economics and Management degree. Students have the opportunity to learn MSc Development Economics at the university. Italy is favorable for international students.
For applying in Italian universities for Economics students must submit their GRE and IELTS (overall 6) scores. The tuition fee in Italy is also comparatively cheaper in regards with countries like Canada, Australia, USA and UK. However, the living expenses are slightly higher than one might expect.
Masters in Economics UK programs are widely known. The effect of its centuries of economical practices and by making effective use of new economic and finance principles, the country is undoubtedly the best destination to study this course. The country is considered to be conducting best economics masters programs in the world at its top 10 ranked universities. It is also acclaimed for Economic and Finance combined masters program, which is provided in most of the institutes and universities. This course focuses on both the significant aspects of economy rather than subsequently emphasis on Economics.
The program is offered as MSc Economics in UK along with that one can opt to study Economics with a specialized subject like Finance, Development Economics, Masters of Business Economics, etc. To be eligible for post graduation in Economics in United Kingdom students must submit their English proficiency results i.e. IELTS with overall score of 6 points. Entrance exam GRE is an exceptional test, students do not have to necessarily present the mark however some universities might consider it a mandatory requirement.
The tuition fee and living expenses in UK is not inexpensive however in comparison to USA, it is a much cheaper option. Masters of Economics online UK programs are also offered by the top ranked universities in the world.
Management in Economics sector are most popular known programs in the country. Economics is a subject which requires wide range of managerial and analyzing skills. Masters in Economics in Germany is offered as both MBA in Economics and MSc in Economics in the country. Individuals who keen interest and intention to work professional in the management sector of Economics are advisable to pursue higher education in Economics in Germany.
As a requirement English proficiency test IELTS (overall 6) and TOEFL (overall 80) scores are sufficient. Along with that students must necessarily focus on submitting other secondary documents for seat enrollment in the universities of Germany.
Universities in Germany are ranked at 51 or higher in the world for Economics studies. Compared to other best countries in the world for this course, Germany accepts the least amount of tuition fees. Few public and private universities also provide no tuition fee scheme for students which are also applicable for international audience as well. The living expenses in this country are also inexpensive. Among the mentioned best countries for Economics, Germany is undoubtedly the cheapest and most affordable.
best universities for masters in economics in canada
The world today is constantly changing — new technologies, skills, emerging markets, changing competitors, evolving expectations and more. To succeed students need a strong combination of knowledge, skills and personal abilities.
Due to its strong reputation, the University attracts top students from across Canada and around the world. The School maintains international exchange partnerships with over 100 respected institutions in 37 countries, and welcomes more than 300 international exchange students annually.
Queen’s University has been a pioneer in critical areas of academics. It utilizes an approach that is far more sophisticated and integral than that used at other institutions. The aim of which is to help students graduate better-prepared to lead and be productive members of today’s collaborative workforce. Students put theories and best practices to the test through research, internships, new venture opportunities, and student-run businesses, including Canada’s first hedge fund run by MBA and graduate students.
The university’s dedication to student success extends well beyond the innovative classroom experience. Its comprehensive career support programs, coaching services, alumni networking events and life-long learning opportunities are all designed to help students realize their goals and ambitions.
The University of Waterloo is a public research institution with campuses in Waterloo. The university offers academic programs via six faculties and thirteen faculty-based schools. The university also manages three satellite campuses and four affiliated university colleges. The University is also a member of the U15. U15 is a group of research-intensive universities in Canada.
The University of Waterloo is prominent for its cooperative education programs. These are programs that enable student to integrate their education with applicable work experiences. The university operates the largest post-secondary cooperate education programs in the world. At one time, it had over 20,000 undergraduate students from over 40 countries. These students were all taking cooperative education programs.
In 2016 the university had over 30,000 undergraduate and 5000 post-graduate students. The university also managed undergraduate programs in Dubai from 2009 to 2012. It also has four libraries housing nearly one and a half million books as well as databases and electronic resources. In 2018, Research Inforsource ranked the university 12th on their list of top 50 Canadian research universities.
This university is ranked among the best in the world in many fields. Its innovative courses and historic reputation of excellence continue to jell with students and professors around the world flocking to its downtown campuses in Montreal.
The university provides students with the latest thinking and skills to inform and inspire decision makers, scientist, and innovators across many disciplines. Courses are also designed to help students manage today evolving career challenges. The university also offers free, online courses available in English and French.
A McGill University education ensures an outstanding learning experience for all students through high-impact programs that provide access to experiential learning and build foundational skills in critical and creative thinking and problem-solving.
Regarding tuition fees for 2020 Cohort, students will pay about 278,000 RMB + annual student fees. All fees include expenses like teaching, practice, administration, etc., but do not cover the cost of accommodation, living, transportation, annual registration fee and other personal expenses in Hangzhou and Montreal.
This is a public research university in British Columbia. It has three campuses namely, Burnaby, Surrey, and Vancouver. It was established in 1965. It is now one of Canada’s leading comprehensive universities with spectacular campuses in British Columbia’s largest municipalities as mentioned above. It also has deep roots in partner communities around the world.
As far as innovative approaches to education are concerned, Simon Fraser University is one of the best in Canada and around the world. Cutting-edge research and community building are some of the most prominent values of this institution. The university is ambitious to lead Canadian universities as the most engaged institution in the country.
To be the leading engaged university defined by its dynamic integration of innovative education, cutting-edge research and far-reaching community engagement—this is the strategic vision that will guide Simon Fraser University’s actions and innovations in the years to come.
The university currently has about 35,0000 students in total. International students at this institution should expect to pay tuition of 12,125 CAD
Western University is one of Canada’s leading academic institutions. It has more than 24,000 students, and over 306,000 living alumni worldwide. Notable alumni include government officials, academics, business leaders, Nobel Laureates, Rhodes Scholars, and others.
The University’s library system known as Western Libraries is divided into six libraries that house more than 2.45 million books as of September 2015. There are also electronic resources including e-books, serial titles, and databases.
The main campus of The University provides student housing, with nine student residences accommodating either first-year students or upper-year students. In September 2015, 23.49 percent of the undergraduate population lived on campus, including 78.69 percent of all first-year students
In addition to the central campus, the university owns several other properties throughout Southwestern Ontario. It is a publicly funded research university. In 2015 there were up of 30,665 full-time, part-time undergraduate students and concurrent education students. The graduate student population is 5,297, including full-time students, part-time students and post-graduate medical residents. The institution also features prominently in world university rankings.
The school is located in North York. It has once been ranked by The Economist, Forbes, and CNN as the best university in Canada. It is rated among the best business schools in the world. The school oversees campuses in Hyderabad, India and Beijing, China. It also has satellite centers in Beijing, Shanghai, Mumbai, Seoul, Sao Paulo, and Mexico City. Students are open to global academic partnerships. They can study abroad at one of up to 80 universities in 40 countries.
Its global reach helps it manage over 31,000 alumni workers in more than 90 countries, and 93 alumni chapters in over 60 countries. International undergraduate students pay 29,469.6 USD for tuition.
Through innovative programs, the university is committed to spreading excellence to raise the profile and quality standards of education internationally. It offered North America’s first ever cross-border executive MBA degree and one of the world’s first degrees in international business (IMBA) and Business Analytics (MBAN). Students can switch seamlessly between part-time and full-time study to balance changing career, lifestyle and school demands. The university is accredited by international bodies such as AMBA, Equis, PIM and PACIBER.
This is a French-language university open to all international students. It is the first university in Canada to establish a school of management and has been in existence for over a century. Located in Montreal, this is one of the most renowned universities in the world. It has great reputation in the quality of education and research, and many great leaders and scientist have been trained at the institution. The university teaches students at all levels and its research is aimed to create a better community.
Building on its extensive skills and the strengths of its milieu and striving for continuous improvement, The University of Montreal is committed to playing a leading role in all these spheres of education by training tomorrow’s leaders, scientists and educators. The university does so by encouraging its students to acquire a variety of skills and aptitudes that complement their schooling, in particular through a strategy based on multilingualism, openness to the world and corporate social responsibility. In addition to its up-to-date, relevant programs, The University of Montreal offers its students an exceptional learning environment and experience.
It is one of the first and longest continuously accredited institutions in Canada. It has been in existence for over a century with more than 30,000 alumni. Students gain international experience while completing their university education. Under the Outgoing Exchange program, students can choose to study at one of many international partner institutions.
University of Alberta is one of the world’s leading institutions and among the best in Canada. Its leadership role is recognized in research, quality of academic program, graduate career success, economic impact on society, and its support for an environment where innovation and entrepreneurial thinking is free to flourish. Thousands of students are enrolled in the university. Students come from many countries around the world.
The University of Alberta is a Top 5 Canadian university and is considered one of the Top 150 universities in the world. Tuition fee is about 5500 and 20500 Canadian dollar for domestic and international students respectively.
The university is located in Vancouver. It is accredited by AACSB. AACSB provides internationally recognized accreditation, and is one of the longest standing accreditation bodies in the world. The university is dedicated to rigorous and relevant teaching. It offers a global perspective to education. Their innovative approach to education is aimed at training global leaders in different fields. Leaders who drive change and shape industries and organizations around the world.
Student cohorts at this institution strike the perfect balance. Students work closely in small groups so that they get to know one another. Yet they are diverse enough for each student to expand a network of contacts to every corner of the globe. Collaboration among students is a cornerstone. The network a student builds at UBC Sauder will be valuable in their career for years to come. Classmates become colleagues, clients, and contacts.
Each program at the university strives to foster a respectful, collegial environment. The environment is designed such that experiential learning becomes very easy. You learn inside and outside the classroom. From co-ops to internships, global immersion and volunteer opportunities. The school offers high quality programs and once ranked among the top business schools in Canada.
International students pay higher than locals. The tuition fee for international students in 2013 was about 52,500 Canadian dollars. It should be considerably higher now. Amounts will likely vary according to course and level of study.
The University of Toronto is a global center of research and academic excellence at the heart of Canada’s multicultural capital. University of Toronto is a catalyst for transformative learning, insights and public engagement, bringing together diverse views and initiatives around a defining purpose: to create value for the society.
Visitors to the university often comment on the special feeling in the environment. This is because the energy and pace of a top-tier institution creates a definite buzz: Students launch and advance their career, researchers share breakthrough knowledge and insights, respected thinkers exchange views with the wider community. Students also get a feeling of momentum, growing impact, and transformation. At University of Toronto extraordinary people come together to rethink assumptions, reinvent models, and redefine expectations.
Students at every career stage come here to gain the knowledge, agility and confidence demanded by a world that keeps accelerating. Learning at University of Toronto goes deeper into a rigorous, model-based problem-solving approach that shapes effective decision makers. And it also goes deeper into personal development, with programs designed to help you fulfill your potential as a leader, scientist, entrepreneur or agent of change. The University of Toronto full-time MBA degree tuition is $92500 CAD for Canadian citizens, and $120680 CAD for international students.
best countries to study economics in europe
Find the prospect appealing? Interest piqued? The obvious first question then is where? It’s, perhaps, the hardest one, too. Europe’s a big place, and the options are intimidatingly endless. You needn’t worry though, to assist you with this momentous decision – as, in the past, we have done with thousands of previous INOMICS users – we’ve compiled a list of the best European countries where you can do your economics Master’s, paying particular attention to the costs, and what the country has to offer.
So to kick off: the Netherlands. For Dutch students, and those from EU/EEA countries, Switzerland or Surinam, most of the cost of studying at Dutch universities is covered by the government. That being said, all students are required to contribute a statutory tuition fee, also known as ‘collegegeld’, which typically comes to around 2.000 euros. For non-EU/EEA students these costs are higher and dependent on your prospective institution, course, etc. English speakers may be interested to know that Dutch higher education institutions offer more courses taught in English than any other European country. And if diversity is what you’re after that’s checked too: the Netherlands’ international student population hail from over 190 countries.
In many respects, the prospect of living in Italy sells itself. Few places can match its natural beauty, architecture, historical sites, gastronomy, wine, and seductively slow way of life. If that wasn’t enough, it’s super affordable too, with living costs averaging between €700-1000 per month, and the average tuition for Master’s degrees is between €850-1000 per year. Fancy some of la dolce vita? Yes of course you do.
France has long been a favourite of the adventurous international student, for good reason. Paris sets the country’s tone, boasting exquisite art, fashion and food. If the city of love is little too pricey – living costs can reach an eye-watering €1,800 per month – there’s also the gastronomic capital Lyon, hub of the wine-growing region, Bordeaux, and the Spain-bordering Toulouse, which are all far more affordable. English speakers will be pleased to note that there are over 1,300 programs taught in your lovely language. Very generous. Still, we politely remind you that this is no excuse not to at least attempt to learn a little French – the locals will appreciate it. For EU/EEA citizens a Master’s degree will cost you around €260 per year. If you’re an international student, however, owing to a recent change in the rules, it’ll cost you €3,770. Yep, it’s rather steep.
As a country, Spain is pretty spoilt. Great weather, diverse landscapes, fascinating history, delicious wine, and a friendly, passionate people. Yes, the reasons to live there are many. Now onto the study stuff. Set by the government, and calculated using the slightly unusual pay-per-credit format, a typical Master’s degree costs between €900-3,000 per year – so there is quite a range. In terms of getting by, Spanish is supposed to be an ‘easy’ language to learn, and is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world, sandwiched between Hindustani and Arabic in 4th place.
Despite being one of the most expensive places to study on the list, the UK shouldn’t be discounted on price alone, for it houses some of the oldest and most esteemed educational institutions in the world: the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge, Glasgow and Edinburgh, take your pick. Graduate from one of these educational giants, and doors will open for you, that’s guaranteed. Interestingly, one in four world leaders studied in the UK at one time or another, so if its power you’re after, well, look no further. As mentioned, enjoying this privilege will cost you a pretty penny. On average, a taught Master’s degree in the UK is £11,000. Unfortunately, Brexit has disrupted many of the scholarship programs that were available to EU and international students. There are still some out there, but they are in dwindling supply… Better get saving.
Germany is renowned for its generosity when it comes to higher education. (This writer has personally benefitted). In 15 of its 16 states public universities charge no tuition, regardless of degree or nationality. There is, however, reason for concern. In recent years, the state of Baden-Wuerttemberg introduced fees of €1,500 per semester for international (non-EU) students. And there is now a credible worry that this will set a precedent for other states to follow – we have our fingers crossed this doesn’t develop. Study in Germany and you’ll experience a country with a unique and troubling history, and an unavoidably vibrant culture. Its nickname Das Land der Dichter und Denker (the country of poets and thinkers) is highly apt.
Besides the UK, Ireland is one of the pricier places on the list. But similar to the UK, that should not rule it out of contention, far from it. Ireland boasts some of the best universities in Europe – think Trinity College Dublin and the National University of Ireland, Galway. (Incidentally, Galway is Europe’s cultural capital for 2020). Although widely varied, Master’s students from the EU/EAA tend to pay around €6000 per year, while international students pay upwards of €9000. Steep? A little, but the education you’ll get is second to none.
Famed for its neutrality and high gun ownership, Switzerland is also rare for being one of the few countries in the world, and the only one in Europe, with instruments of direct democracy. This gives citizens the right to instigate changes to the constitution and/or ask for referenda to be held on any law voted on at any level of government. Interesting, right? But anyway, back to the studies… Master’s tuition fee ranges between CHF 3,000 to CHF 13,000, with Master’s programs in private institutions generally higher. If you are planning on doing an MBA expect to pay around CHF 24,000, with some reaching as much as CHF 85,000. This may sound a bit expensive (it kind of is) but one should bear in mind, Swiss universities are prestigious and are routinely found in the worldwide top 200 list – the education you will receive will be first-class.
The Portuguese higher-education system has a reputation for being particularly research-oriented. And it is. However, its polytechnics also offer students the chance to study in professional fields like economics. So there’s still plenty of choice. One should expect to pay between €950-1300 in yearly tuition for a Master’s. A strange slightly negative fact about Portugal: bullfighting remains legal. An interesting, more positive one: it houses the largest largest solar energy factory in the world.
Belgium chocolate may be all that’s needed to persuade some. For the others, read on. First, housekeeping: tuition fees for Master’s degrees in Belgium can be a little bit confusing, ranging from as little as €800 per year for EU students to as much at €3000 per year for those coming from outside of the European Union. And if you want to do an MBA you should expect to pay even more than that. To help offset that cost, though, the Belgian government has an array of scholarships available, many specifically aimed at international students. And some miscellaneous: Belgium offers great beer, amazing waffles and how could we ever forget, it is the birthplace of the Smurfs.
Fancy doing your Master’s degree in the birthplace of Freud, Mozart and Schwazenegger? Although not always the first country to spring to mind, there are numerous reasons to consider the homeland of these three giants. First, the standard of living is high, incredibly high. Consulting agency Mercer has ranked its capital Vienna as the city with the world’s highest quality of life, 10 TIMES IN A ROW. On top of that, If you’re an EU/EEA national, you won’t have to pay any tuition fees, come from outside Europe, and you’ll be obliged to pay a relatively small amount per semester. It’s also at the centre of Europe – quite literally – so for those keen holiday-makers you’ll be spoilt for choice. A quick Flixbus and you can be anywhere.
best universities for masters in economics
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, United States
Ranked 1st in the world for economics in 2017 by the QS rankings, MIT has a renowned undergraduate and graduate program for economics. Senior professors teach introductory courses to incoming undergraduates and are encouraged to develop their research skills with programs like the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program which connects them to a network of graduate students and faculty members. MIT’s student body is 34% international and their graduates are often employed by international and national organizations making it a highly desirable university for students across the globe.
Harvard University, United States
Ranked 2nd in the world for Economics, Harvard has produced a number of Economics Nobel Laureates. The department sponsors more than 15 seminars a week on a range of topics in Economics from top international and American scholars. The university hosted 9,851 international students in 2016-2017 and truly attracts talent from around the world with their international students heralding from 153 countries.
Eager to attract global students and academics, their international office offers a wide range of services such as employment, visa, and tax help. Their host program, which matches up international graduate students and Boston residents, has been helping students get to know their new home since 1962.
Harvard University offers a range of internships and research assistant positions to undergraduate economics students as well as funding opportunities for research.
London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom
Hosting one of the largest Economics departments in the world, the London School of Economics and Political Science is ranked first in the United Kingdom and 5th in the world for Economics.
A truly international experience, LSE’s student body is 71% international and the campus is located in the heart of the metropolitan city of this highly diverse capital ensuring a uniquely international experience.
LSE supports its international students with a student visa advice team to help some of the world’s most talented students sift through the paperwork and begin their studies. The Economics’ department’s research is often focused on global issues such as climate change and economic development making it a wonderful fit for economists looking for a global perspective.
University of Oxford, United Kingdom
Ranked 7th in the world for their Economics program, Oxford welcomed their first international student in 1190 and today has an international student population of 38%.
Looking to promote an even playing field for emerging talent, the international student application route is exactly the same as it is for UK students. International students do receive immigration services support as well as help arranging interviews, course admission tests, and English evaluation.
Members of their Economics Department serve as officials and advisers to numerous international and national organizations and committees. In the most recent UK Research Assessment, REF 2014, Oxford was ranked top in terms of overall research strength, with more research output graded as world-leading in terms of its originality, rigor and significance than did any other economics department in the United Kingdom
Erasmus School of Economics,The Netherlands
Ranked 44th in the World and 12th in Europe for Economics and Econometrics by QS, Erasmus School of Economics’ international students make up 30% of their student body.
Erasmus School of Economics has two scholarships dedicated specifically to non-EEA students, making it clear that they’re interested in recruiting global academic talent. The school incoming students tackle two issues that are the most challenging for incoming students: visa processes and finding housing.
If you live across the world and are unable to visit all of the campuses that you would like to before applying, Erasmus University ,which Erasmus School of Economics is a part of, has launched a virtual experience that invites students tour the campus, classrooms, and student housing online.
University of Melbourne, Australia
Ranked 1st in Australia and 25th in the world for Economics, the University of Melbourne has attracted a whopping 40% international student population. The University of Melbourne has been teaching Economics since 1855. The university has a number of specialized research centers including an experimental economics laboratory which tests theories in a controlled, laboratory environment.
International students are accommodated with free airport pick-up service and you can access housing, financial, and well-being support during your move to Melbourne..
ETH Zurich, Switzerland
ETH Zurich is ranked 35th in the world and 1st in Switzerland in Economics. Its Master’s program in Management, Technology and Economics, with its cross-sector collaboration and entrepreneurial thinking make it special. Students have the opportunity to partner their economics studies with an industrial placement of at least 10 weeks. ETH Zurich has an international student population of 38%.
With a well-developed research arm, the department conducts basic and applied research in management, economics, innovation, system dynamics and risk. A great deal of their research works to improve the understanding of technology in organizations, societies and economies. ETH Zurich is interested in innovative teaching methods in addition to research, and continuously seeks feedback on course content and lecturer performance to develop their programs on the basis of student feedback.