Last Updated on January 15, 2023
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Required Skill Set:
Aerospace Engineering is a highly specialised technological field that requires overall excellence in mathematical, calculative and observational skills. Research in this field takes years to be completed thus, resilience and persistence are important. Here are a few essential qualities/skills you would require to be a successful Aerospace Engineer:
|Required Skill Set For Aerospace Engineering|
|Excellent academic background in Science stream||Strong analytical and mathematical skills|
|Creativity and innovativeness in product designing||Eye for detail|
|Ability to work under pressure and for long hours||Scientific acumen|
|Physical stamina||Ability to work in a team and be able to lead a team|
Aerospace Engineering Requirements
Aeronautical engineering degrees represent the branch of engineering that deals with the research, design, development, construction, testing, science and technology of aircraft. The field also covers investigation into aerodynamic characteristics of aircraft, including behaviors and related factors such as airfoil, control surfaces, lift and drag. In recent years, aeronautical engineering has become one of two major and overlapping branches of aerospace engineering, with astronautical engineering being the second.
Aeronautical engineering degrees represent the branch of engineering that deals with the research, design, development, construction, testing, science and technology of aircraft. The field also covers investigation into aerodynamic characteristics of aircraft, including behaviors and related factors such as airfoil, control surfaces, lift and drag.
If you’re fascinated by the history and methodology behind flying machines – from Leonardo Da Vinci’s early conceptual sketches and the Wright brothers’ famous flight of 1903 through to the sophistication and progress of modern jets – aeronautical engineering could be the degree for you.
Education Requirements to Become an Aerospace Engineer
Aerospace Engineers require at least a Bachelor’s degree to enter into the field, typically in aerospace engineering. Some university programs offer 5-year programs that allow students to earn a bachelor’s and master’s degree at the same time. All Aerospace Engineering programs are accredited by the ABET.
Though entry-level positions do not require licensure, more advanced Aerospace Engineering programs will likely demand a Professional Engineer (PE) license. Though the requirements vary by state, most require an accredited engineering degree, work experience, and passing performance on both the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam and the Professional Engineering Exam.
Educational Requirements for an Aeronautical engineer
In order to become an aeronautical engineer, prospective candidates must complete a bachelor’s degree program, usually in aerospace or aeronautical engineering, that has been approved by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET). Programs can take 4-5 years to complete. Students typically begin their education by enrolling in core courses in mathematics, chemistry and physics. Additionally, most programs require students to complete introductory labs in which they test engineering principles applied to flight and propulsion.
Once students have completed their core requirements, they may take more challenging classes that cover topics ranging from the aerodynamics of airplane bodies to electrical systems in cockpits. After covering the fundamentals of flight and stability control, students may delve into aircraft sensors and electrical components, as well as wing structure and flaps. Programs may also provide training in power generation for aircraft, including combustion engine design.
During the senior year of a bachelor’s in aerospace or aeronautical engineering, students generally participate in lab and design courses. These courses may require research into issues ranging from construction materials to wing design. While completing their assignments, students may be responsible for simulating flight and modifying areas where designs may not function well. Applying their knowledge, students may then alter models, test designs, and prepare class presentations.
Aerospace Engineering Eligibility Criteria
An Aerospace Engineering aspirant must meet the minimum eligibility criteria to be able to pursue the course. Check the minimum eligibility criteria for Aerospace Engineering below:
- Minimum eligibility criteria for pursuing Aerospace Engineering is passing higher secondary or Class 12 with a minimum of 60 per cent marks (55 per cent marks for SC/ST) in Science stream (Physics, Chemistry and Math)
- Aerospace Engineering is most of the degree courses are offered at post-graduate level. For this, the candidate is required to have 60 per cent marks (55 per cent marks for SC/ST) in Bachelor’s degree (BE/B Tech or equivalent)
- For admission to post-graduate and Doctoral programmes and research, GATE score is required
- Candidates with three-four year degree in Engineering, technical diploma, five-year Architecture, Postgraduates in Mathematics/Science/Statistics/Computer Applications are also eligible to pursue Aerospace Engineering
- If one aspires to join National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in the United States (US), they must be informed that NASA recommends a degree in a variety of disciplines, including Biomedical Engineering, Ceramic Engineering, Chemistry, Industrial Engineering, Materials Engineering, Metallurgy, Optical Engineering, and Oceanography. PhD is highly recommended for those who want to join NASA.
Aerospace Engineering Syllabus
The Aerospace Engineering programme is essentially a BTech programme which is spread over four academic years. Any Aerospace Engineering course comprises the following subjects/topics:
|Aerospace Engineering: Syllabus|
|Aerospace Propulsion||Incompressible Fluid Mechanics|
|Aerospace Structural Mechanics||Introduction to Aerospace Engineering|
|Aircraft Design||Spaceflight Mechanics|
|Aircraft Propulsion||Thermodynamics and Propulsion|
Aerospace Engineering Licensing
Graduates must take two examinations and accrue four years of work experience in order to become licensed professional engineers (PEs) in their state. They can use the title of EIT, or engineer in training, after passing the first Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam, which can be taken any time after graduation. EITs must also complete a minimum of four years’ on-the-job training, after which they take the PE exam to become professional aeronautical engineers.
Aerospace Engineering Employment & Salary Outlook
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), job opportunities for aerospace engineers were projected to increase 2% from 2018-2028, which is slower than average. As of May 2018, aerospace engineers, including aeronautical engineers, made a median annual salary of $115,220, as reported by the BLS.
Aeronautical engineers need a bachelor’s degree in aerospace or aeronautical engineering. As of May 2018, they earned a median salary of $115,220 a year, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Acquiring a managerial position in Aerospace Engineering often requires extensive work experience and shadowing a senior Aerospace Engineer.
Degrees Related to Aerospace Engineering
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- Online Geoscience Degree
- Environmental Microbiology Degree
Bachelor of Science Degree in Aerospace Engineering
There are only a handful of universities accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology in the United States that offer aerospace engineering degrees. Aerospace engineers take two years of calculus, differential equations, physics and chemistry and two years of engineering coursework. Aerospace engineering students can expect to see the following engineering courses in their university’s curriculum:
- Dynamics of aerospace systems
- Control of aerospace systems
- Flight software systems
- Aerospace instrumentation and experimentation
- Aerospace structures
- Aircraft flight dynamics
- Space flight dynamics
- Vibration and elasticity
- Aircraft propulsion and power
- Space navigation and guidance
- Space propulsion and power
- Aeronautical systems design
- Space systems design
In terms of career choices, the aerospace field is projected to grow 5% between 2010-2020 according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). Aerospace engineering majors can choose variety of career paths, including positions in scientific research, engineering design and development, field service, management, marketing, software development and teaching.
The two main branches of aerospace engineering degrees are aeronautics and astronautics. Some universities have curriculum’s that embrace both areas, while others separate the two fields and offer degree programs in either aeronautics or astronautics. Aerospace engineering majors should be prepared to engage in a significant amount of actual design and implementation in addition to coursework.
In addition, students should seriously consider learning Russian, Japanese or German because many people of these nationalities are deeply involved in the development of spacecraft components.