Software Developer Skills And Knowledge

If you’re taking your first steps towards a career in software development, you have an uphill journey ahead of you. There are so many technologies, skills, and programming languages to learn. It can be tough to know where to start. But the first step is to learn some essential skills and knowledge of being a developer. Learn the programming languages that anyone who is calling themselves a developer should know, and how they came about. Also, look at some core technologies every developer should know even if they aren’t writing code. Finally, get some insight into what it’s actually like to be a professional developer today.

Find all the practical and valuable information about software developer job description, software developer skills resume, software developer skills 2020, software developer skills most in demand & software engineer skills assessment on Collegelearners. Happy reading!

Software Developers

Career, Salary and Education Information

 What They Do: Software developers create the applications or systems that run on a computer or another device.

 Work Environment: Many software developers work for firms that deal in computer systems design and related services, manufacturing, or for software publishers.

 How to Become One: Software developers usually have a bachelor’s degree in computer science and strong computer programming skills.

 Salary: The median annual wage for software developers, applications is $103,620. The median annual wage for software developers, systems software is $110,000.

 Job Outlook: Employment of software developers is projected to grow 21 percent over the next ten years, much faster than the average for all occupations. Software developers will be needed to respond to an increased demand for computer software.

 Related Careers: Compare the job duties, education, job growth, and pay of software developers with similar occupations.

Following is everything you need to know about a career as a software developer with lots of details. As a first step, take a look at some of the following jobs, which are real jobs with real employers. You will be able to see the very real job career requirements for employers who are actively hiring. The link will open in a new tab so that you can come back to this page to continue reading about the career:

Top 3 Software Developer Jobs

  • Senior Software Engineer, Platforms and Infrastructure – Wayfair – Boston, MAIf you’re excited about enabling software engineers working at high levels of scale we want to hear from you! What You’ll Do: * Design and build new tooling, frameworks, and infrastructure that …
  • Payload C2MM Software / Principal Software Engineer – Northrop Grumman – Redondo Beach, CaliforniaThe software applications integrate into an existing state-of-the-art software product line. The … We cover a wide variety of DevOp s technologies including Atlassian suite of tools (Bamboo, Jira …
  • Principal Engineer Software/Sr. Principal Software Engineer – Northrop Grumman – Melbourne, FloridaThis requisition may be filled at either a Principal Software Engineer OR a Sr. Principal Software Engineer Level At Northrop Grumman, our employees have incredible opportunities to work on …

 What Software Developers Do

Software developers are the creative minds behind computer programs. Some develop the applications that allow people to do specific tasks on a computer or another device. Others develop the underlying systems that run the devices or that control networks.

Duties of Software Developers

Software developers typically do the following:

  • Analyze users’ needs and then design, test, and develop software to meet those needs
  • Recommend software upgrades for customers’ existing programs and systems
  • Design each piece of an application or system and plan how the pieces will work together
  • Create a variety of models and diagrams (such as flowcharts) that show programmers the software code needed for an application
  • Ensure that a program continues to function normally through software maintenance and testing
  • Document every aspect of an application or system as a reference for future maintenance and upgrades
  • Collaborate with other computer specialists to create optimum software

Software developers are in charge of the entire development process for a software program. They may begin by asking how the customer plans to use the software. They must identify the core functionality that users need from software programs. Software developers must also determine user requirements that are unrelated to the functions of the software, such as the level of security and performance needs. They design the program and then give instructions to programmers, who write computer code and test it.

If the program does not work as expected or if testers find it too difficult to use, software developers go back to the design process to fix the problems or improve the program. After the program is released to the customer, a developer may perform upgrades and maintenance.

Developers usually work closely with computer programmers. However, in some companies, developers write code themselves instead of giving instructions to programmers.

Developers who supervise a software project from the planning stages through implementation sometimes are called information technology (IT) project managers. These workers monitor the project’s progress to ensure that it meets deadlines, standards, and cost targets. IT project managers who plan and direct an organization’s IT department or IT policies are included in the profile on computer and information systems managers.

The following are examples of types of software developers:

Applications software developers design computer applications, such as word processors and games, for consumers. They may create custom software for a specific customer or commercial software to be sold to the general public. Some applications software developers create complex databases for organizations. They also create programs that people use over the Internet and within a company’s intranet.

Systems software developers create the systems that keep computers functioning properly. These could be operating systems for computers that the general public buys or systems built specifically for an organization. Often, systems software developers also build the system’s interface, which is what allows users to interact with the computer. Systems software developers create the operating systems that control most of the consumer electronics in use today, including those used by cell phones and cars.

 Work Environment for Software Developers

Applications software developers hold about 944,200 jobs. The largest employers of applications software developers are as follows:

Computer systems design and related services34%
Finance and insurance10%
Software publishers10%
Management of companies and enterprises5%

Systems software developers hold about 421,300 jobs. The largest employers of systems software developers are as follows:

Computer systems design and related services31%
Finance and insurance6%
Software publishers5%
Engineering services4%

In general, software development is a collaborative process, and developers work on teams with others who also contribute to designing, developing, and programming successful software. However, some developers work at home.

Software Developer Work Schedules

Most software developers work full time and additional work hours are common.

 How to Become a Software Developer

Software developers usually have a bachelor’s degree in computer science and strong computer programming skills.

Find a Degree:

1. Degree Type:
                   –Degree Level–                 Associate’sBachelor’sMaster’sDoctorateCertificate/Diploma2. Category:
                   –Category–                 Art & DesignBusinessCommunications and MediaComputer EngineeringComputer Technology and ITCosmetologyCriminal Justice, Law and ProtectionCulinary ArtsMechanic TradesEducationEngineering and ArchitectureHealth & Medical AssistingHealthcareHealthcare TechnologyHealthcare ManagementHigh School CompletionLiberal ArtsMath and ScienceNursingPsychologyVocational and Trade3. Subject:
–Subject–Computer EngineeringComputer GraphicsComputer ProgrammingComputer ScienceDatabase AdministrationIT Support ServicesInformation TechnologyNetworkingSoftware EngineeringSystems AdministrationTelecommunicationsWeb DesignWeb Development

Education for Software Developers

Software developers usually have a bachelor’s degree, typically in computer science, software engineering, or a related field. Computer science degree programs are the most common, because they tend to cover a broad range of topics. Students should focus on classes related to building software to better prepare themselves for work in the occupation. Many students gain experience in software development by completing an internship at a software company while in college. For some positions, employers may prefer that applicants have a master’s degree.

Although writing code is not their first priority, developers must have a strong background in computer programming. They usually gain this experience in school. Throughout their career, developers must keep up to date on new tools and computer languages.

Software developers also need skills related to the industry in which they work. Developers working in a bank, for example, should have knowledge of finance so that they can understand a bank’s computing needs.

Advancement for Software Developers

Software developers can advance to become information technology (IT) project managers, also called computer and information systems managers, a position in which they oversee the software development process.

Important Qualities for Software Developers

Analytical skills. Developers must analyze users’ needs and then design software to meet those needs.

Communication skills. Developers must be able to give clear instructions to others working on a project. They must also explain to their customers how the software works and answer any questions that arise.

Creativity. Developers are the creative minds behind new computer software.

Detail oriented. Developers often work on many parts of an application or system at the same time and must therefore be able to concentrate and pay attention to detail.

Interpersonal skills. Software developers must be able to work well with others who contribute to designing, developing, and programming successful software.

Problem-solving skills. Because developers are in charge of software from beginning to end, they must be able to solve problems that arise throughout the design process.

 Software Developer Salaries

Salary Calculator

The median annual wage for applications software developers is $103,620. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $61,660, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $161,290.

The median annual wage for systems software developers is $110,000. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $66,740, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $166,960.

The median annual wages for applications software developers in the top industries in which they work are as follows:

Software publishers$114,320
Finance and insurance$107,960
Management of companies and enterprises$104,420
Computer systems design and related services$100,080

The median annual wages for systems software developers in the top industries in which they work are as follows:

Engineering services$113,250
Finance and insurance$111,380
Software publishers$110,920
Computer systems design and related services$108,790

Most software developers work full time and additional work hours are common.

Employment of software developers is projected to grow 21 percent over the next ten years, much faster than the average for all occupations. Employment of applications developers is projected to grow 30 percent, and employment of systems developers is projected to grow 11 percent. The main reason for the growth in both applications developers and systems developers is a large increase in the demand for computer software.

The need for new applications on smart phones and tablets will help increase the demand for applications software developers.

The health and medical insurance and reinsurance carriers industry will need innovative software to manage new healthcare policy enrollments and administer existing policies digitally. As the number of people who use this digital platform increases over time, demand for software developers will grow.

Systems developers are likely to see new opportunities because of an increase in the number of products that use software. For example, more computer systems are being built into consumer electronics and other products, such as cell phones and appliances.

Concerns over threats to computer security could result in more investment in security software to protect computer networks and electronic infrastructure. In addition, an increase in software offered over the Internet should lower costs and allow more customization for businesses, also increasing demand for software developers.

Job Prospects for Software Developers

Job prospects will be best for applicants with knowledge of the most up-to-date programming tools and for those who are proficient in one or more programming languages.

Occupational TitleEmployment, 2018Projected Employment, 2028Change, 2018-28
Software developers1,365,5001,649,60021299,500
  Software developers, applications944,2001,185,70026241,500
  Software developers, systems software421,300463,9001042,600

Computer and Information Research Scientists

Computer and information research scientists invent and design new approaches to computing technology and find innovative uses for existing technology. They study and solve complex problems in computing for business, medicine, science, and other fields.

Computer and Information Systems Managers

Computer and information systems managers, often called information technology (IT) managers or IT project managers, plan, coordinate, and direct computer-related activities in an organization. They help determine the information technology goals of an organization and are responsible for implementing computer systems to meet those goals.

Computer Hardware Engineers

Computer hardware engineers research, design, develop, and test computer systems and components such as processors, circuit boards, memory devices, networks, and routers.

Computer Network Architects

Computer network architects design and build data communication networks, including local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), and Intranets. These networks range from small connections between two offices to next-generation networking capabilities such as a cloud infrastructure that serves multiple customers.

Computer Programmers

Computer programmers write and test code that allows computer applications and software programs to function properly. They turn the program designs created by software developers and engineers into instructions that a computer can follow.

Computer Support Specialists

Computer support specialists provide help and advice to computer users and organizations. These specialists either support computer networks or they provide technical assistance directly to computer users.

Computer Systems Analysts

Computer systems analysts, sometimes called systems architects, study an organization’s current computer systems and procedures, and design solutions to help the organization operate more efficiently and effectively. They bring business and information technology (IT) together by understanding the needs and limitations of both.

Database Administrators

Database administrators (DBAs) use specialized software to store and organize data, such as financial information and customer shipping records. They make sure that data are available to users and secure from unauthorized access.

Information Security Analysts

Information security analysts plan and carry out security measures to protect an organization’s computer networks and systems. Their responsibilities are continually expanding as the number of cyberattacks increases.

Mathematicians and Statisticians

Mathematicians and statisticians analyze data and apply mathematical and statistical techniques to help solve real-world problems in business, engineering, healthcare, or other fields.

Postsecondary Teachers

Postsecondary teachers instruct students in a wide variety of academic and technical subjects beyond the high school level. They may also conduct research and publish scholarly papers and books.

Web Developers

Web developers design and create websites. They are responsible for the look of the site. They are also responsible for the site’s technical aspects, such as its performance and capacity, which are measures of a website’s speed and how much traffic the site can handle. In addition, web developers may create content for the site.

What You Actually Need to Know About Software Developer

1. What does a software developer do

However, the question is: Where do all smart devices come from? It is all from software developers. Software developers are creative minds behind computer programs to create software that makes all devices functional and useful. This article shows you more details of what exactly a software developer does.

First of all, software developers bear the responsibility for the whole development of a software program. In building a software program, software developers must clarify clients’ plans of using software core functionalities and security. Finally, they start to design the program and give instructions to programmers to code and test.

software developer roles, what does a software developer do, software developer, system software developer, application software developer
What is the role of software developers?

If the program has poor feedback, consequently the software developers need to go back to the first stage of design to fix the problems or improve the program. When the program is delivered to clients, developers will take a part in performing maintenance work and upgrading the program.

Developers and computer programmers usually work closely together. But in some cases, developers can do the work of computer programmers such as coding.

There are two types of software developers, which are system software developer and application software developer.

A system software developer’s job is to create software that makes computers and other devices function properly. These might include commercial operating systems for computers that the public can buy or systems built exclusively for organizations. System software developers can multi-task from building the system’s interface to operating systems that control most of customer electronics in use today, including in phones or cars.

On the other hand, application software developers design software programs such as word processors, databases, spreadsheets, and games that are mass marketed or developed for businesses, organizations and others according to their needs and specifications.

Application software developers also help to create customer software for specific requirements from customers, commercial software for public use or even complex databases for organizations. Furthermore, application software developers create some programs for Internet users within a company’s intranet.

what does a software developer do, software developer job daily, software developer salary, software developer description
What does a software developer work on daily?

A Day of Software Developer:

To have a clear understanding of what software developer usually do in a day. Here is an excellent example according to announcements on

  • Code and test software based upon software specifications and design
  • Analyze user needs and software requirements to determine feasibility of design within time and cost constraints
  • Troubleshoot and resolve issues in existing software
  • Analyze and study complex systems requirements
  • Prepare design documentation
  • Write and maintain technical documentation to describe program development, logic, coding, testing, changes, and corrections
  • Collaborate and communicate effectively with stakeholders throughout the organization
  • Support customer-witnessed testing

How Can You Become a Software Developer?

Working in this field requires a Bachelor’s degree, even some employers prefer candidates who have master’s degree in computer science. If your major is in computer science with a focus on building software, your first job can be a software developer.

 software developer requirement, software developer degree, software developer bachelor, what does a software developer do,
What skills you need to become a software developer?

Each industry has its own principles, hence software developers who work in some industries need to have essential skills related to that line of business. For instance, if you want to build a software for an insurance company, you must have a good understanding of how that industry operates. This understanding will help you create software that meets the needs of those who will use it.

What Soft Skills A Software Developer Need?

Software developers need to have crucial soft skills because it helps to maximize their efficiency in entire development process.

  • Analytical and Problem Solving Skills: The former will help you determine users’ needs. The latter will help you troubleshoot problems that arise during the development process.
  • Communication Skills: Effective listening and speaking skills are needed in order to convey instructions to colleagues who are working on projects you are overseeing.
  • Interpersonal Skills: Since software developers often work as a team, they need to get along with each other. This skill set, including social perceptiveness and the ability of coordination, is essential when dealing with clients.
  • Detail-oriented: You must be keen on details because there are multiple parts of the systems and applications on which you are working.
  • Creativity: You always need to be creative to work as a developer because you will have to come up with ideas for new applications and systems.

2. How Much Do Software Developers Make?

Being a software developer is often considered a high skill profession. It is a rather demanding occupation for those aspiring to be. It may not be as top notch as software engineers, but working as a software developer usually has higher salary than some professional careers. So how much do software developers make? What are the factors that contribute to their annual salary level? Why do they receive higher salary than many other fields of work?

Salary of software developers by region

Currently, the United States stands top in terms of median salary of software developers, followed by Europe, Asia and Australia. However in the United States, annual salary also varies depending on state. So first let’s look at how much does software developers make in the United States.

For instance, software developers in California enjoy the highest annual salary in the United States at an average of $110,000. This is largely due to the concentration of major tech companies and startups in the San Francisco Bay Area. Meanwhile, in other areas such as Texas, North & South Dakota and Michigan, this figure is only around $65,000 to nearly $100,000.

salary by region, software developer salary, us software developer salary, states
US Software Developer Salary By Region.

Australia, being the second place, comes in nearly 22% less at $90,000. Another hub for technology, Western Europe, shows a median of $60,000 (roughly the amount in Midwest U.S); Eastern Europe as a major IT outsourcing hub in the world shows only a modest $28,000.

There are many factors that have affected to software developers salary. For example, someone who earns $28,000 a year can afford much in Europe, but not in California. These factors will be discussed below.

Factors that contribute to how much do software developers make

First, we need to consider the cost of living which is the most important factor. In states like the California and New York in the U.S, the cost of living is consistently among the most expensive in the world. Therefore, it is understandable that software developers in Boston and Los Angeles make about $15,000 or $20,000 more a year than in other regions as more income is in higher demand.

So how much do software developers make in Australia and New Zealand? Similarly, Australia and New Zealand, being among the top most expensive countries in the world pay their software developers more than other regions, and thus their annual salary comes second after the U.S.

Secondly, company size. Normally the formula is that the larger the company is, the more it pays its employees. For instance, major tech corporations with employees exceeding the number of 10,000 like Google, Facebook, Microsoft, eBay, Symantec provide annual salary to their software developers at a fixed above-$100,000 amount, sometimes reaching as high as $130,000. Comparably, smaller companies with less than 10,000 usually pay software developers at around $75,000-$91,000 a year.

Thirdly, education and experience affect significantly with how much software developers make regardless of company size. There are certain job positions in tech companies that demand higher qualifications, provide stiffer challenges and require higher educational standards. For instance, more cutting-edge jobs such as software engineers often accompany with a Master’s degree in job requirements, or even a PhD. if necessary.

Also, aspirants who traveled abroad to study about software development and obtained a Master’s degree or just a Bachelor’s degree in this field may earn more than those without those degrees.

How much do software developers make? Still up to where you live in.

Why software developer is considered a high-income job compared to other careers

If other professional careers yield a high income, then software developers nonetheless deserve a respected spot among them. Why is that?

Software developers encompass skills which are difficult for many to master. It does not just include basic requirements such as problem solving and team working; rather, it takes every bit of a person to have the thinking of a detective, the mind of an inventor, the imagination of an artist, the expertise of a programmer and coder, the logic of a mathematician and the technical understanding of an engineer to become a software developer.

The artist may mingle with visuals, are right-brained with limitless imagination and creativity, while the engineer is rigid, fixed, and firm. They obey the formulas. A software developer on the other hand needs both the creativity of an artist and the discipline and logic of an engineer. Because software development requires both. Normally it is very rare to find a software developer claiming to have mastered both, but major tech corporations tend to seek those who have.

In conclusion, software developer is a decent job in terms of salary for those who wish to follow it. But bear in mind the interfering factors just as geography, company size and experience. Those will determine how much do software developers make. Since choosing where to start a career in software development determines everything else in the long run to become a master developer.

3. Key Differences between Software Engineers vs Software Developers

There has been much debate over the distinction between software engineers vs software developers. In the untrained eye, they are basically the same type of people: the stereotypical computer whiz kid/nerd in Hollywood movies who does nothing more than typing, hacking and staring at computer screens while the main hero takes over the glory.

But in the IT world, the differences are quite obvious, though sometimes they do overlap the roles of each other; for instance, both engineers and developers do the coding process for every software. So how to tell who is a software developer and who is an engineer? We break it down into three categories of similarities and differences below:

Coding is just a bread-and-butter job for engineers, developers and programmers alike.

Responsibilities/Technical functions

In the IT industry, software engineers vs software developers share many common duties. They both work around the clock on computer screens, writing and coding programs for their software to function. They both share the “back side” of the office. In addition, both engineers and developers also share the same duty of troubleshooting issues and solving problems around their software.

However, in terms of duties/responsibilities, there are sheer differences between them as well. Perhaps the most obvious one would be the scope of work that they need to perform; for instance, if the programmer is simply a records keeper, then a developer would be the accountant and the engineer would be the elite chartered accountant.

The developer only focuses on software capabilities, problem solving and providing technical aid to users. However the engineer not only does those duties but also interacts with customers directly. They give advises and solutions to both customers and developers under their umbrella. In short, software engineers can fulfill the duties of developers but also can perform additional roles in a software company.

A developer focuses more on individual customer needs, and thus creates more in-depth customizations or modifications for personal demands of an app or a video game.

At Savvycom, both software engineers vs software developers hold crucial importance to our success and they are the majority among our team of 100 people. However, as Savvycom aims to build a team of expert software engineers in the long run, we emphasize our recruitment & training for our technical employees to achieve that dream. We take into deep consideration our clients’ ideas and feedbacks, and from that we always strive to make our development team ever better than before.

The perspective/thinking of software engineers vs software developers

When thinking about the scope of work of software engineers vs software developers it is important to take into account their work perspective. A developer mostly focuses on how to satisfy an individual customer demands. Hence, they think primarily about making their products satisfactory accordingly to that customer only.

They go into specific details of individual products to guarantee the best quality for each customer. They make calculations and mathematical analysis to software development process. While they may have some degrees of freedom in it, they still need to follow a set of guidelines.

On the other hand, a software engineer looks at things on a grander scale. They must target an entire market of an entire industry, country or region. The engineer applies engineering principles to the software development process. Instead of inventing methods to satisfy individual customer demands, the engineer aims to make products affordable, convenient and reusable to the masses.

A good comparison would bet between Microsoft Windows and a video game.

Windows – the Ford Model T of the Digital Age

Different contexts determine their status

In some countries like the United States, the word “engineer” is usually more popular when it comes to referring to people in software development. Whereas, in Sweden or Uruguay, the word “developer” is more popular. Some developers refer to themselves as engineers either because of their country’s tech culture. Either that or because of their official job title/description.

In some companies, the term “software engineer” usually is a more fancy term to use and in some companies’ cultures, “engineer” is normally a higher position compared to “developers” since engineers often deal with the bigger picture other than just development.

In conclusion, the primary differences between the terms “software engineer” and “software developer” rest on the responsibilities. These lie in both software development processes and their perspectives in the software industry.

A software engineer can be a developer, but a developer may not be an engineer. The engineer’s role dwarfs that of the developer. Therefore, it is important to take into account these categories to distinguish between software engineers vs software developers. In the IT world and in life as a whole, nobody is the ever same even if their job titles say otherwise.

10 Things Every Software Developer Should Know

If you have been self-teaching programming to yourself and wondering what are some of the most basic things every software developer or programmer should learn or know, then, here is a list of some of the fundamental things you can learn to do well as a programmer.

Being an author of a Java blog, I often receive questions from my readers, particularly beginners that what can a computer science graduate do to prepare for a career in software development? what can I learn to become a good programmer? or What is expected of a junior developer?

These are mostly college students, junior developers, and people learning to code who have access to a wealth of information thanks to the internet and eager to learn things in advance to prepare for their programming job interviews.

In this article, I’ll share 10 things which I believe every software developer should know or learn.

This includes a programming language like C++ or Java, essential computer science concepts like data structuresalgorithms and computer networking basics, essential tools like Git, Microsoft Word and Excel, skills like SQL and UNIX, editors like Eclipse or Visual Studio, and text editors.

This list is by no means complete and I have not included some of the more advanced things like regular expression but it does provides you a good starting point for things a programmer should know.

If you are aiming for a career in software development and looking for a programming job then these are things you can learn and improve to stay ahead of your competition.

Things Every Programmers and Software Developer Should Know

Without any further ado, here is a list of things which I personally believe, every programmer should know, irrespective of the job he is doing. These are basic skills and will serve you for a long time.

Any investment made into these skills in terms of time, money and effort will reap rewards throughout your career.

1) Data Structures and Algorithms

If you want to become a programmer then you ought to know data structure and algorithms well; there’s no way around it.

This is one of the important topics of any programming job interview and without you knowing basic data structures (e.g. array, linked list, map, set) it’s not possible to write a real-world application.

That’s why every programmer should put serious effort to learn data structures and algorithms during their computer science course.

Even If you are a self-teaching programming yourself, then also you must know data structures and algorithms; in fact, many programming bootcamps will teach you data structures and algorithms as the first thing.

If you want to learn it by yourself then Data Structures and Algorithms: Deep Dive Using Java is a good place to start.

And, if you need some free alternatives, then this list of free Data Structure and Algorithms courses can also be useful.

2) Source Control (Git)

Source control is used to store your code and helps programmer to colloborate within team. For example, if many progarmmer are working in same codebase but on different feature then source control tools like Git helps them to colloborate without overriding each other chagnes. In short, if you want to become a coder or software developer, you must know version control tools like Git or SVN.

Thankfully Git and Github have streamlined the market and now more than 70% of organizations use Git, so you can probably get away by just learning Git.

By the way, you should put some effort into learning Git on command line as well, and you should be comfortable with advanced version control concepts like branching and merging as well as the tool itself using both the command line and GUI.

I recommend, The GitHub Ultimate: Master Git and GitHub course to all people who wants to learn learn Git online.

But, if you need more choices, you can also check out this list free courses to learn Git online.

3) Text Editors (Vim)

There is not a single day when I have not used a text editor like Vim while working as a programmer or Software developer. It’s one of the most essential tools even for non-programmers like DBAs and System Admins, and anyone who works with computers.

I have mostly used NotePad on Windows and VIm in Linux, but you have a lot of choices available in terms of advanced editors like Sublime and NotePad++, which provides IDE-like functionalities.

I suggest you spend some time learning your favorite editor and keyboard shortcuts, productivity tips are something you can learn. If you like Vim then Vim MasterClass is one of the best course to start with and if you are a Windows guy then you can check Sublime Text for Rapid Web Development to learn Sublime, another powerful text editor.

4) IDEs

When I started software development, I need to code in Notepad or DOS Editor and then save the file, run the compiler from command line, creat package by running ANT script. Activities like Debugging and Profiling was as distant dream but advent of IDEs like IntelliJIDEA and Visual Studio has complete changed how modern programmer developers softares.

In other words, IDEs like IntelliJIDEA or AndroidStudio is the single most important tool for any programmers. For C, C++, and C# programmer, the choice is clear: Visual Studio. And for Python developers, Jupiter Notebook is getting better and better every day.

For Java programmers, there are three major IDEs to choose: Eclipse, NetBeans, and IntelliJ IDEA.

While Eclipse is my favorite, IntelliJ IDEA is probably the most powerful of them. If you happen to be an IntelliJ IDEA fan, then I suggest you go through IntelliJ IDEA Tricks to Boost Productivity for Java Devs to learn your IDE better.

If you need more choices, you can also check this list of free Eclipse courses and this list for some recommended IntelliJIDEA courses.

5) Database and SQL

SQL is a classic and probably the most valuable skill for any software developer. It’s been around for more than 30 years and I think it will be around for another 30 years. Given the omnipresence of the database, it’s expected from a programmer that he is familiar with essential database concepts like normalization and table design along with SQL.

There are many databases like Oracle, Micrsoft SQL Server, MySQL, PostgreSQL, but knowing just one is enough. The key point is that you should be familiar with the database. You should know how to insert/update/delete data and write SQL queries to retrieve it.

Knowledge of advanced concepts like join an aggregate function is a big bonus and if you want to get that then The Complete SQL BootCamp is a great place to start with.

And, if you need some free alternatives, here is a list of free courses to learn SQL for Programmers and Software developers.

6) UNIX or Linux

Like SQL, UNIX also has withstood the test of time. It’s also been around for more than 30 years and I hope it will be there for many more coming years.

Since most programmers have to work in Linux machines at some point, good knowledge of Linx command line goes a long way.

It allows you to work effectively. You can search files, know what’s going on with the system by checking its CPU and memory usage, and perform basic and advance task.

If you want to learn Linux commands I suggest to go through Learn Linux in 5 Days and Level UpYour Career course on Udemy.

If you need some free alternatives then you can also checkout this list of free courses to Learn Linux for Beginners here on

7) Microsoft Excel

I may get a lot of flaks for including Excel in this list but I still thing that Excel is one of the king tools for programmers, software developers, project manager, traders, and business guys. It’s much more than just spreadsheet software.

It provides many useful features and functions to perform sophisticated data analysis.I have used Excel to track progress, reconcile data, data science, data quality checks and for project planning.

It has several uses and that’s why I urge every programmer to learn Excel in depth. Instead of just copying and pasting data, you should know basic functions like searching, sorting, filtering and VLOOKUP to compare stuff.

If you want to learn Excel from scratch or want to improve your knowledge, Microsoft Excel — Excel from Beginner to Advanced is a great course to start with.

8) Programming Languages

Ofcourse, if you want to become a programmer than you must know a programming language: C++ or Java, or maybe Python or JavaScript. You can choose whatever you want to but my personal suggestion is that you should at least know Java.

It’s very easy to start with and that’s why a good choice for beginners. It’s also immensely powerful and allows you to virtually anything.

It has got libraries from doing basic stuff like web development to more complex tasks with Big Data and so on. If you decide to learn Java then The Complete Java MasterClass is probably the best place to start with.

If you need more options and if you don’t mind learning from free resources, then you can also checkout this list of free Java Programming courses for Beginners and these free websites to learn Java as well.

9) Networking Basics

Today’s world is a inter-connected world and anywhere you go, you will find computer networks, starting from your home, where you are using Wi-Fi across many devices, to schools, college, and offices which use Local Area Network (LAN) to the Internet.

Most of the applications you will write like Web applications or Mobile apps will also not be standalone but client-server kind of application where the request will go through the network to a server. Clients will access your application from anywhere in the world.

The bottom line is that you must understand the networking basics to understand, develop, and support your application. If you want to learn more then I suggest you join The Complete Networking Fundamentalscourse on Udemy. It’s a good starting point for beginners.

If you need another option, then Introduction to Computer Networks for Non-Techies is also a good starting point.

10) Scripting Languages

In point #8 I have asked you to learn a programming language, and yet here I am asking you to learn a scripting language? Why? Can’t the same programming language be used as a scripting language?

Well, there are certainly some Programming languages which are good for both OOP coding and scripting like Python, and that’s why I asked you to learn them at least.

But if you happen to choose C/C++ or Java then you can’t whip out something as quickly as a Python or Perl developer can do.

That’s why I suggest every programmer to learn Python and If you agree, The Complete Python Bootcamp is a great course to start with.

The scripting language makes it easy to create tools and scripts to solve common problems in the programming world. If you have a good command over a scripting language like Python then you can automate mundane stuff easily.

Once again, I suggest you to learn Python to kill two birds in one stone, and if you need some more resources, these list of free Python courses are also very helpful

Computer science graduates and all people who want to become Programmers or wantto go into Software Development or Web Developerscan use this list to find out about things, tools, and skills to become a successful programmer.

10 Things All Software Engineers Should Know

The world of software development is riddled with misconceptions. It’s throwing off new software devs that are coming out of college / university and entering the working world. As a result, students aren’t able to prepare well for the start of their careers. Basically… it sucks.

Let’s clear it all up right here and now! Here are a few things every new software developer needs to know.

The things you learn in school are important, but not the way you think

You probably took a ton of classes while you were in school. I took 46 during my undergrad! Once you start your first job though you may be surprised to discover that the content of those classes was the least important part of them. The most valuable things you gained out of them were actually the skills you developed via repetitive action and pattern recognition.

That algorithms and data structures class you took? Yeah you might code up heap sort to pass a Google / Facebook / Amazon interview. But what you really learned was how to break down problems. Divide and conquer: break down your problem into smaller, easy to manage bites. You learned that many different problems have similar or related solutions just like certain algorithms and data structures will have similar properties.

Undergraduate programs in Computer Science and Engineering are crazy hard. But you did a lot of group projects and learned how to work in a team (no matter how bad or good your teammates were!). You learned how to work under time pressure. And perhaps most importantly, you learned how to learn by quickly picking up many new skills throughout the course of your studies.

You’ll spend more time designing than coding

Once you start working, actual coding isn’t going to take up much of your day. Aside from meetings you’ll mostly be doing research and design. Think of it this way: your boss starts off by giving you some brand new task, a new feature you have to integrate into the code base. You don’t start off by banging away at the keyboard!

The first thing you should do is scope out the requirements of the project. What exactly am I trying to accomplish and what should the end result to be like? You may realise that you’ll have to learn a new technology in order to complete your task and then you’ll start to do some research on that.

Once your scoping and research is done…. still no coding yet! You’ll be designing your solution to the problem. Something like a high-level pipeline / block diagram style. This is in essence the divide and conquer that you learned in school! So simple yet so powerful. Doing your research and design before you code will ensure that you’re not firing blindly in the dark.

Learn the tricks of the trade

This is your chance to learn as much as possible, especially from the senior devs. As you might imagine you’ll definitely get better at coding by doing the tasks assigned to you; but that’s not all there is to it! Don’t just do your job, learn the tricks of the trade.

Maybe there’s an awesome IDE or Editor that your colleagues are using that makes them more productive, so try it out! A huge one that people often forget is to save any and all code you write if you ever think for even a second that you might use it again. In my experience you or one of your colleagues definitely will. I personally even go as far as to save specific functions which I think I’ll use again; I have my own library of functions which I can import and use at anytime. For example, I’ve had to split the string of a file and it’s extension apart hundreds of times, so I wrote a Python function for it which I can quickly grab when I need it.

Get really comfortable working in a Terminal and with all of the shortcuts in your working environment. Learn how to effectively read through your logs and errors so you can debug quickly.

All of these tricks come with experience in practising the trade.

People are just people

Last but not least is what many call soft skills, but here we’ll just call it life.

You might have some colleagues which you think are super awesome; you hang out after work and learn a ton from each other! Other times, you’ll get some whom you really really don’t like.

There’s absolutely nothing wrong with that! It’s human nature; we get along with some people and conflict with others.

You might disagree with what your colleague thinks. You might always argue with them. You might even think they’re out to get you! At the end of the day though, everyone is focused on his / her own self-interest. You might think your coworker is doing horrible things, but from their point of view they’re doing what’s right to them.

Accept who others as they naturally are and how they operate with their own interests. You don’t have to necessarily agree with it, but you do have to live with it! You do you and don’t worry about it. People are just people.

Categories Uncategorized

Books For Students

Getting An MBA

Leave a Comment